OAS Peace Missions

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    NICARAGUA - armed conflict between cons and sandisnistas

    The armed conflict between cons and sandinistas left approximately 31 thousand killed, 20,000 wounded, 10 thousand kidnapped, 350,000 thousand refugees and 200,000 displaced persons.
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    International Peace day established and celebrated yearly

  • NICARAGUA - establishment of CIAV and OAS collaboration

    International Commission of Support and verification (CIAV) is establoshed to monitor the demobilization and reintegration of armed groups and illegal Nicaraguans in the civil society.
  • Organization of American States assumes an active and proactive role in peaceful resolutions of disputes.

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    NICARAGUA - repatriation program launched

    The repatriation programme was launched
    on July 5, 1990 and ended on 28
    in November of that same year. For
    the reception, care and the transfer
    of the returnees to their places of
    destination, the CIAV-OAS organized a network
    national of reception centres and
    transit centres.
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    SURINAME - Special Mission

  • SURINAME - OAS and the Government of Suriname sign agreement for the establishment of the Special Mission for the Strengthening of the Democracy and the promotion of peace in Suriname

    The purpose of the mission
    was to provide support to the
    Government of Suriname for
    formalize and safeguard a
    lasting peace, as well as for
    strengthening institutions
    national and the process of
    democratization in the country.
  • SURINAME - peace agreement signed

    Government of Suriname and
    representatives of the groups of
    illegal arms signed an
    "Agreement for the
    Reconciliation and development
    also known
    as peace agreement.
    The peace agreement, provided
    from the very beginning by the
    OAS, put an end to six years of
    conflict to the interior of the country
    among residents of
    rural communities
    predominantly maroon
    and Native American and the Government

    In 1992 the OAS creates a civilian mission to facilitate the re-establishment and strengthening of democratic institutions and the full effectiveness of the Constitution, ensure respect for human rights, and assist in the administration of Justice and the functioning of appropriate institutions (OAS-DEMOC).
  • HAITI - Establishment of MICIVIH

    In February 1993, at the request of President Aristide, the international civilian mission in Haiti (MICIVIH), was established. This was a joint mission from the OAS and the UN that evolved to starting from the core of the OAS-DEMOC, with the mandate of verifying the respect of human rights in the country.
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    HAITI - International Civil Mission of the OAS/UN

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    GUATEMALA: Support and Construction of Democratization and establishment of peace

  • GUATEMALA: TheSpecial program of the OAS for the democratic consolidation, Peace, reconstruction and Reconciliation in Guatemala

  • GUATEMALA: General Assembly adopts AG/RES 1466

    In 1997, the General Assembly
    It adopted resolution AG/RES.
    1466 which expanded the
    components of the program
    referral, focusing on
    particular areas of
    democratic institutions,
    conflict resolution,
    education for democracy,
    electoral reform, the conclusion
    of the demining process and the
    reintegration into society of
    people involved in the
    internal armed conflict or
    affected by this.

  • GUATEMALA: OAS support program agreement

    On July 18, 2001 a framework agreement between the GS/OAS and the Government of Guatemala, called "The OAS support program" is signed to strengthen the Democratic institutions in Guatemala
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    HAITI - Special mission for stregnthening democracy

    Established by the OAS
  • VENEZUELA: Permanent Council of the OAS condemns the alteration of constitutional order

    On April 13, 2002 the Permanent Council of the OAS condemned the
    alteration of constitutional order in Venezuela, the regrettable events of
    violence that caused loss of human lives, called to the
    normalization of democratic institutions, and an led mission
    by the Secretary General to investigate and advance efforts to
    It considered necessary to restore constitutional order.
  • COLOMBIA: MAPP-OEA Established (Mission of support for the peace process in Colombia)

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    Special Missions to Bolivia,Ecuador,Haiti and Nicaragua

    During 2005 the OAS deployed special missions to Bolivia, Ecuador, Haiti and Nicaragua, in response to express requests made by each one of the countries, in order to contribute to the prevention and resolution of conflicts that could be generated in them.
  • COLOMBIA: IFC (International Forensic Committee) formed by OAS

    On 27 July 2007 the Secretary-General of the OASdecided to form an international forensic Committee (IFC), whose mission would be to contribute to the determination of the conditions in which eleven Colombian deputies died who had been kidnapped for more than five years by the
    Colombia (FARC) revolutionary armed forces.
  • Inter-American Forum of peace launched

    Permanent part of the OAS