Abdallah Alsharif- Western Art History Timline

Timeline created by abdals
  • 40,000 BCE

    Name: Lion Man. Period: PALEOLITHIC 10,000 B.C.E. Date: 35,000 to 40,000

    Name: Lion Man. Period: PALEOLITHIC 10,000 B.C.E. Date: 35,000 to 40,000
    The lion man was half man was among the four sculpted objects found carved in the mammoth ivory. The remains of the lion man represent a mysterious creature which is half man and half beast and (therianthropic). It is curved from the mammoth tusk fusing both human and animal elements. It has a lion’s head and the forelimbs of a big cat. The bi-pedal stance, legs and feet are modelled in a human form as shown.
  • 9,500 BCE

    Name: The Jericho Skull. Period: NEOLITHIC c. 10,0000 B.C.E. - 2,000 B.C.E Date: 9,500 B.C.E.

    Name: The Jericho Skull. Period: NEOLITHIC c. 10,0000 B.C.E. - 2,000 B.C.E Date: 9,500 B.C.E.
    The Jericho Skull is one of the seven unearthed together at Jericho in Palestinian. Although the identity of the man remains anonymous, it is evident that the man could have held an elite status, possibly a community leader or elder. This notion is based on the fact that the skull could have been plastered for long preservation. It is also eminent that other individuals who had been buried together with the man were related due to absence of their second and third molars.
  • 9,000 BCE

    Name: Çatalhöyük. Period: NEOLITHIC c. 10,0000 B.C.E. - 2,000 B.C.E. Date: 9,000 B.C.E

    Name: Çatalhöyük. Period: NEOLITHIC c. 10,0000 B.C.E. - 2,000 B.C.E. Date: 9,000 B.C.E
    The discovery of Catalhoyuk site was done in early 1950s by James Mellaart.However, the actual excavation was done between 1961 and 1965.significant paintings and artefacts discovered at the site include the popular mother Goddess statue which is preserved at the museum of Anatolian. The site could have been occupied by a thriving community which had a complex social organization.Catalhoyuk serves as a transition from hunting and gathering to progressive skill in plant and animal domestication.
  • 3,000 BCE

    Name: Warka Vase Period: Ancient Mesopotamia c. 3000 B.C.E. - 400 C.E. Date: 3000 B.C.E.

    Name: Warka Vase Period: Ancient Mesopotamia c. 3000 B.C.E. - 400 C.E. Date: 3000 B.C.E.
    The vase has a cylindrical shape with areas divided by lines. The areas ranges from the undulating water, paired sheep and crops, as well as the nude male offering bearer. At the upper-most part, the vase has a female figure facing a broken figure which can form a male authority when reconstructed. The vase is associated with sacred marriage rituals of the goddess Inanna. The link is credited to a curving reed which appears twice behind the female figure.
  • 3,000 BCE

    Name: Anu Ziggurat. Period: Ancient Mesopotamia c. 3000 B.C.E - 400 C.E. Date 3000 B.C.E.

    Name: Anu Ziggurat. Period: Ancient Mesopotamia c. 3000 B.C.E - 400 C.E. Date 3000 B.C.E.
    This is a big stone built in the Ancient Mesopotamia. It forms a terrace structure that recede different levels. These kinds of structures were built common in Elamites, Assyria, and Babylon. Ziggurats were part of Mesopotamian religion and were cherished by the people. Ziggurats supported shrines although there is no physical evidence to support this claim. They were essential part of building structures in Mesopotamia during 3000 BCE.
  • 2,900 BCE

    Name: Standing Male Worshipper Tell Asmar. Period: Ancient Mesopotamia c. 3000 B.C.E. - 400 C.E. Date: 2900 B.C.E. - 2500 B.C.E.

    Name: Standing Male Worshipper Tell Asmar. Period: Ancient Mesopotamia c. 3000 B.C.E. - 400 C.E. Date: 2900 B.C.E. - 2500 B.C.E.
    This statue was discovered in Mesopotamia, Eshnunna which is the current Tell Asmar. The statue has a wavy and geometrically shaped hair. The hair meets with the beards on the chest. Also, the beard has a geometric shape which demonstrates a wave texture. The neck and the chin are hidden by the beards and the hair. The statue has a round shaped face which features a uni-brow. The statue demonstrates how significant religion was to the people of Mesopotamia
  • 2,490 BCE

    Name: King Menkaure (Mycerinus) and queen. Period: Ancient Egypt Date: 2490–2472 B.C.E.

    Name: King Menkaure (Mycerinus) and queen. Period: Ancient Egypt Date: 2490–2472 B.C.E.
    This piece of art shows two figures standing side by side, gazing into eternity. The male subject represents kingship and the right male form. The queen is the ideal female and the male wears has a nemes on his head. Moreover, he dons artificial beards, symbolizing his authority as a king. Hi broad shoulders, muscle legs and arms enhance his kingship. The queen wears a sheer dress, has a slim body and narrow shoulders, things that make her an ideal Egyptian woman
  • 1,961 BCE

    Name: Standing Hippopotamus. Period: Ancient Egypt. Date:1961–1878 B.C.E.

    Name: Standing Hippopotamus. Period: Ancient Egypt. Date:1961–1878 B.C.E.
    This object is from Egypt completed in 1961 BCE. It is popularly called Faience Hippopotamus and belongs to the Middle Kingdom of Egypt. It was located in the Upper Egypt tomb and moved to Meir. It is connected to the tomb of Senbi obtained from Metropolitan Museum in 1971. It shows the significance of different iconographic versions in the Middle Kingdom period.
  • 1,390 BCE

    Name: Glass bottle in the form of a fish Period: Ancient Egypt Date: c. 1390-1336 B.C.E.

    Name: Glass bottle in the form of a fish Period: Ancient Egypt  Date: c. 1390-1336 B.C.E.
    This image is from the Amarna period. In Egypt, Amulets of the tilapia fish represented fertility since it was viewed as a source of regeneration. Moreover, it symbolized reproductive health in Ancient Egypt. This object belongs to the era of a high water epoch of Egyptian art. It is among the most noticeable pieces of British Museum’s collection of Egyptian art.
  • -510 BCE

    Name: Euthymides Three Revelers. Period: Ancient Greece. Date: c. 510 B.C.E.

    Name: Euthymides Three Revelers. Period: Ancient Greece. Date: c. 510 B.C.E.
    The Three Revelers Vase originates from Greek during the Archaic Period. It is connected to Euthymides although it has an amphora shape. The vase serves as a decorative element, with naked partygoers. The partygoers are seen dancing with hector arming on the other side. The vase represents the Greek culture.
  • -460 BCE

    Name:Riace Warriors. Period: Ancient Greece. Date: c. 460-450 B.C.E.

    Name:Riace Warriors. Period: Ancient Greece. Date: c. 460-450 B.C.E.
    Riace Warriors sculptures create an idealized portrayal of the human anatomy. For instance, the intangible qualities such as mood, poise are created to take a natural form of the human body in a natural way. For example, the sculptures are naked to portray the natural features of the human body.
  • -421 BCE

    Name: Temple of Athena Nike on the Athenian Acropolis Period: Ancient Greece. Date: 421-05 B.C.E.

    Name: Temple of Athena Nike on the Athenian Acropolis Period: Ancient Greece. Date: 421-05 B.C.E.
    This is the smallest temple at the Acropolis in Athens. It is found on the Southwest side of the cliff. it was built in 420 BCE during the High Classical Period. The location of the Temple was chosen because it was suitable for worship of the Victorian goddess. Evidence suggests that religious rituals were done in this place. It is built on Pentelic marble, with four columns on each side. It is popularly known as the pearl of Acropolis because of its beauty.
  • -80 BCE

    Name: Portrait of Vespasian Period: Ancient Rome. Date: 70-80 C.E.

    Name: Portrait of Vespasian Period: Ancient Rome. Date: 70-80 C.E.
    Vespasian was a Roman Emperor who founded the Flavian Dynasty. He succeeded in bring peace back to the kingdom after years of turmoil. He was born in 9 AD in northern part of Rome and joined the military. After Nero died, Vespasian launched his bid of becoming the next emperor. He wanted to restore the financial fortune of Rome after the wasteful leadership of Nero
  • -7 BCE

    Name: Maison Carrée. Period: Ancient Rome. Date: c. 4-7 C.E.

    Name: Maison Carrée. Period: Ancient Rome. Date: c. 4-7 C.E.
    The Maison Carrée is an ancient building in Nîmes, southern France; it is one of the best preserved Roman temple façades to be found in the territory of the former Roman Empire. The building went through extreme restorations over the centuries.
  • 125

    Name: Pantheon. Period: Ancient Rome. Date:113–125 AD

    Name: Pantheon. Period: Ancient Rome. Date:113–125 AD
    The Pantheon serves as the most characteristic example of the Roman architecture. The temple had a combination of various design elements from a half-dozen different building types such as tombs, basilicas, baths, temples and triumphal arches. The presence of all these features makes the Pantheon to serve as the revolutionary building for the historians of art and architecture.
  • 537

    Name: Hagia Sophia. Period: Byzantine. Date:537 AD

    Name: Hagia Sophia. Period: Byzantine. Date:537 AD
    Hagia Sophia is a great architectural phenomenon in Istanbul,Turkey.structure was initially constructed by Christian basilica approximately 1,500 years ago.Hagia is a long existing symbol of the cosmopolitan city just like Parthenon in Athens.Th structure’s significance is much demonstrated through its connection with religion, international politics as well as art and architecture.Hagia Sophia has existed for several years serving as the landmark for the both Muslims and the Orthodox Christians
  • 546

    Name:Emperor Justinian Mosaic. Period: Byzantine. Date:c. 546-56

    Name:Emperor Justinian Mosaic. Period: Byzantine. Date:c. 546-56
    The Justinian Mosaic was created in 547 in Ravenna, Italy. The halo above his head is very similar to Jesus Christ's halo. His positions in front and on the left shows his importance in the Hierarchy.
  • 691

    Name:The Dome of the Rock (Qubbat al-Sakhra). Period: Art of Islamic world. Date: 691-2,

    Name:The Dome of the Rock (Qubbat al-Sakhra). Period: Art of Islamic world. Date: 691-2,
    The Dome of the Rock is an Islamic shrine located in Jerusalem.It was initially built in 691 CE. It is believed by Muslims that the Isra and Meraj (the night journey) of prophet mohammed started from this rock.
  • 768

    Name: The Great Mosque of Cordoba. Period: Art of islamic world. Date:768

    Name: The Great Mosque of Cordoba. Period: Art of islamic world. Date:768
    It is believed that the site of the Mosque Cathedral was originally a Christian church dedicated to Saint Vincent the Third. It is located in the Spanish region of Andalusia. In 784 Abd al-Rahman I ordered construction of the Great Mosque and in 1236 the Christians ruled Cordoba, its been a Catholic church since.
  • 836

    Name:The Great Mosque of Kairouan. Period:Art of Islamic world. Date: c. 836-690

    Name:The Great Mosque of Kairouan. Period:Art of Islamic world. Date: c. 836-690
    The Great Mosque also known as the Mosque of Uqba is a mosque located in Tunisia. It was initially built in 690 before it was destroyed and was rebuilt in 703.It is one of the largest Mosques in Africa.
  • 900

    Name:The Paris Psalter. Period: Byzantine. Date: c. 900 C.E

    Name:The Paris Psalter. Period: Byzantine. Date: c. 900 C.E
  • 910

    Name:Cluny Abbey. Period:Romanesque. Date:910 AD

    Name:Cluny Abbey. Period:Romanesque. Date:910 AD
    This is an image of Cluny Abbey, a former Benedictine Monastery. It is based in Cluny, France. The structure was built in the Romanesque from the 4th to the 12th centuries. It was created in 910AD and has been a source of inspiration for creative art.
  • 1200

    Name: Enthroned Virgin and Child. Period:Romanesque. Date:1150-1200

    Name: Enthroned Virgin and Child. Period:Romanesque. Date:1150-1200
    The image shows a woman holding out her child in front of her. The infant is Jesus who is seated tightly on Virgin Mary’s lap. The mother is proud to hold him out to the world, signifying his role in salvation of mankind.
  • 1200

    Name:Virgin and Child in Majesty. Period: Romanesque. Date:1175-1200

    Name:Virgin and Child in Majesty. Period: Romanesque. Date:1175-1200
    This is an image showing mother and a child seated together. During the medieval times, body parts could be used to communicate certain events or meanings. It is an image of Mary and Jesus, with the mother’s oversize hand focusing our attention to the boy. It is commonly known as the Throne of Wisdom.
  • 1306

    Name:Giotto di Bondone's VIRGIN AND CHILD ENTHRONED. Period: Gothic. Date:1306

    Name:Giotto di Bondone's VIRGIN AND CHILD ENTHRONED. Period: Gothic. Date:1306
    Giotto di Bondone uses naturalism as an exceptional style of painting. For instance, Virgin and the Child Enthroned, is dominated with naturalism. The figures are made to appear the way they should be in the real life. For example, Giotto arranges most of the supportive figures like saints and the angels in groups on both sides of the throne. The angels are made to appear as they would logically. Also, Giotto has blocked some of the faces of the angels to look as they would be ordinary.
  • 1445

    Name:Saint Michael, Martyrdom of Saint Eulalia and Saint Catherine. Period: Gothic. Artist: Bernat Martorell. Date:1442–1445

    Name:Saint Michael, Martyrdom of Saint Eulalia and Saint Catherine. Period: Gothic. Artist:  Bernat Martorell. Date:1442–1445
    This object was created in 1442 and is located in Sant Celano, Barcelona. It is a Medieval Gothic Art dedicated to Saint Eulalia. The assembling of the pieces appears modern and differs from the original version. The image shows a king seated on the throne, guards in front and people in the background.
  • 1460

    Name:Madonna with Child, Saints Apollonia and Bernardino and four angels. Period: Gothic. Artist:Sano di Pietro. Date:1460

    Name:Madonna with Child, Saints Apollonia and Bernardino and four angels. Period: Gothic. Artist:Sano di Pietro. Date:1460
    This painting is a representation of Mary with her child Jesus. Its an Icon for Catholic and Orthodox religions. Ma donna means My lady in italian language.
  • 1498

    Name: Leonarda da Vinci's Last Supper. period:Renaissance. Artist: Leonarda da Vinci. Date: 1495–1498

    Name: Leonarda da Vinci's Last Supper. period:Renaissance. Artist: Leonarda da Vinci. Date: 1495–1498
    The subject of the Last Supper demonstrates Christ’s final meal with his disciples before Judas betrays Jesus to the authority leading to his arrest. The portrait creation traces to the period between 1495-1498. The picture demonstrates the disciple’s reaction after Jesus had told them that one of them would betray him.
  • 1503

    Name: Mona Lisa. Period:Renaissance. Artist: Leonardo da Vinci. Date: 1503

    Name: Mona Lisa. Period:Renaissance. Artist: Leonardo da Vinci. Date: 1503
    The Mona Lisa painting is one of the most famous paintings in the world and it is believed that its a portrait of Lisa Gherardini, the wife of Francesco del Giocondo. It had been believed to have been painted between 1503 and 1506
  • 1504

    Name: David. Period: Renaissance. Artist:Michelangelo. Date:1504

    Name: David. Period: Renaissance. Artist:Michelangelo. Date:1504
    Michelangelo's David emanates from the High Renaissance period and contains an antiquated background.The sculpture symbolizes subject matter of the Bible character called David. The focus is on what David did when he was fighting with Goliath. It portrays confidence, beauty, and strength.
  • Name: Bacchus. Period: Baroque. Artist:Caravaggio. Date:1595

    Name: Bacchus. Period: Baroque. Artist:Caravaggio. Date:1595
    This painting depicts youthful Bacchus in captivating fashion, and vine branches on his hair. He is wearing a loosely fitting robe that leaves his right hands out. On the table in front of him are red wine and a bowl of fruits. His left hand holds the wine and invites viewers to be part of the occasion. He is in a celebratory mood and communicates that in the image.
  • Name: Death of the Virgin. Period: Baroque. Artist:Caravaggio. Date:1606

    Name: Death of the Virgin. Period: Baroque. Artist:Caravaggio. Date:1606
    Death of the Virgin is created by Caravaggio in 1606. The painting was commissioned by a lawyer for Carmelite church of Santa Maria della Scala in Trastevere.
  • Name:The Night Watch. Period: Baroque. Artist:Rembrandt. Date:1642

    Name:The Night Watch. Period: Baroque. Artist:Rembrandt. Date:1642
    This image was created by Rembrandt during the Dutch Baroque Movement. it is one of the greatest pieces of art of the 17th century. The artists created the art at the peak of his career. it is a portrait with militia company and was to be stationed in the Kloveniersdoelen. It was assigned the name in the late 18th century since it showed a nocturnal scene. The portrait shows a company that is well prepared and ready for action.
  • Name: Reliquary Ensemble: Seated Female. Period: African Art. Date:19th– 20th century

    Name: Reliquary Ensemble: Seated Female. Period: African Art. Date:19th– 20th century
    This is a wooden sculpture created in the 19th century and belongs to the Fang community in Africa. Fang people appreciate their past and believe it influences their present and future. The image shows qualities that Fang people love such as the ability to hold balance, tranquility, and vitality. The portrait is mounted on a reliquary box to guard it from the stares of uninitiated boys and women.
  • Name:Male and Female Poro Altar Figures (Ndeo). Period: African. Date:19th–20th century

    Name:Male and Female Poro Altar Figures (Ndeo). Period: African.  Date:19th–20th century
    Male and female poro group are committed to the spiritual and physical wellness of the society. The female object is taller than the male figure, indicating an aesthetic popular option in the Senufo sculpture. She is elevated to give her honor and appreciate maternal roles of women in Poro. The art illustrate the difference between male and female in the community they emanate.
  • Name: Oshe Shango (Staff of Shango). Period: the art of Africa. Date:1970

    Name: Oshe Shango (Staff of Shango). Period: the art of Africa. Date:1970
    Oshe Shango (Staff of Shango) dating to 1970s.The staff is found among the Yoruba people in Nigeria, Benin and Togo. The object’s name emanates from the fact that it is carried in ceremony dances to honor Shango,the Yoruba Orisha who is presumably known as the god of thunder. Oshe Shango, an object which dates to late 19th and early 20th century is curved from wood. The kneeling woman is perceived as an archetypal Yoruba theme well-thought out suitable for the Shango-related descriptions.