History of Art Timeline

  • 32,000 BCE

    Stone Age Art

    Stone Age Art
    A time marked by rock engravings, cupules and cave paintings. The picture is an example of cave paintings.
  • Period: 32,000 BCE to

    History of Art Timeline

    Art is created for a multitude of reasons. Some art was created to document people's existence and way of life. Other art was created for religious purposes. Other forms of art, like propaganda, were used to sway public opinion and some artists use it as a way to express themselves. But one thing that all forms of art have in common is that they stemmed from one central type of art, cave art. Since cave art, it has expanded into the various forms we now see today. Created by Ashley DiMeglio.
  • 1000 BCE

    Greek Art

    Greek Art
    This era brought about the idea of humanism. Humanism is the perfect individual form, defined by ideal scale, proportions and this became the Greek ideal. They were mainly obsessed with young male bodies. It was also a time of geometric style, pottery, black figure art, red figure art and white figure art.
  • 600 BCE

    Archaic Period

    Archaic Period
    Characterized by naturalistic style similar to that of Egypt.
  • 447 BCE

    Parthenon

    Parthenon
    The parthenon is one of the greatest architectural achievements of the Greeks. It is a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. It was finished in 432 B.C.
  • 476

    Dark Ages

    Dark Ages
    The art of this time was mainly religous and solely for the wealthy due to feudalism which did not allow social mobility.
  • 476

    Fall of the Roman Empire

    Fall of the Roman Empire
    The fall of the Roman Empire brought about a new way of life which led to new art styles.
  • 1050

    Romanesque Architecture

    Romanesque Architecture
    Period of religious murals, stained glass. Cathedrals built at Angouleme, Essen, Mainz, Worms and Pisa and Cluny Abbey Church.
  • 1200

    Gothic Architecture

    Gothic Architecture
    Time of religious art which was comprised of flying buttresses and dark monastic buildings.
  • 1250

    Oil Paint

    Oil Paint
    The first oil painting created which allowed for deeper and richer color.
  • 1400

    Bubonic Plague

    Bubonic Plague
    The bubonic plague similar to the fall of the Roman Empire changed the way people viewed life, religion which in turn affected art.
  • 1400

    Renaissance Art

    Renaissance Art
    Period that revitalized the Greek philosophy of humanism. Social mobility was available at this time so therefore there was a shift in who was involved in art.
  • 1400

    Creation of Printing Making

    Creation of Printing Making
    The creation of the printing press made art more affordable to different social classes by creating multiple copies of a single art piece.
  • 1430

    Engraving

    Engraving
    Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface by cutting grooves into it.
  • 1453

    Jheronimus Bosch

    Jheronimus Bosch
    A very contemporary artist for his time however, he left no notes so know one is sure of what they mean, or what inspired him.
  • 1513

    Albrecht Durer

    Albrecht Durer
    He was the first artist that took credit for his work and was proud to be an artist and flaunted his social status.
  • Baroque

    Baroque
    This was the mark of the return to the Catholic Church and the power of monarchs. The art of this time was dynamic, dramatic and used diagonal lines. The picture was a painting by Carravaggio that is a good example of the artwork of this time.
  • Artemisia Gentileschi

    Artemisia Gentileschi
    One of the first women to be accepted to the academy.
  • Protestant Reformation

    Protestant Reformation
    This brought the end of the Renaissance.
  • Council of Trent

    Council of Trent
    This set guidelines for religious art. Some of these guidelines are that it should have moral instruction, look pleasing to the eye and not with the decorum
  • Rococo

    Rococo
    This art was distinguished by wealth and extravagance made it appeal to the nobles and royals of society. The picture is "The Swing" by Fragonard.
  • Enlightenment

    Enlightenment
    This was characterized by the belief in progress and power of reason. It was marked by the coming together of art and science. This drawing was by Stubbs and was created in 1766
  • Romanticism

    Romanticism
    Romanticism is a style that reflects emotion, passion and revolution throughout the use of dark colors and a naturalistic style. This painting was created by Gericault and called "Raft of the Medusa."
  • Neoclassicism

    Neoclassicism
    This was the period that returned to the classical antiquity. The style was extremely formal and it imitated Greek and Roman art.
  • Realism

    Realism
    The rejection of Romanticism led to the portrayal of everyday life. The main focus of the art was common people and landscapes.
  • Impressionism

    Impressionism
    This art was based on sudden movements and light. These were depicted using short, light and choppy brush stokes. In addition, they were typically painting outdoors and with light colors.
  • Expressionism

    Expressionism
    Due to the spread of Sigmund Freud's psychosocial ideologies the art of this time was made to analyze psyche. Many paintings had a dissonance in color and perspective and had messages of anxiety.
  • Paul Cezanne

    Paul Cezanne
    He changed the way form was created in art. In prior artwork white and black would be used to create shadow and highlight whereas, Cezanne used color to create form. The picture is called "The Large Bathers."
  • Fauvism

    Fauvism
    Fauvism is the first twentieth century movement in modern art. The goal was to use color as an independent element by projecting a mood and establishing structure. This picture is called "Le Bonheur de Vivre"
  • Abstract

    Abstract
    Abstract paintings are open for interpretation, nonrepresentational and represent the artists perception of things. The painting was created by one of the earlier abstract painter Kandinsky.
  • Cubism

    Cubism
    Cubism was a revolutionary new approach to representing reality and was invented by artists Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. They brought different views of subjects together in the same picture, resulting in paintings that appear fragmented and abstracted. The picture is by Picasso and is called "Les Demoisselles d'Avignon."