Music Theory History (Putnam Valley)

By Odell
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    The Fall of Rome

    The Fall of Rome
  • Period: 500 to Jan 1, 1450

    Middle Ages

    Time between the fall of the Roman Empire and the Italian Renaissance. Music was Sacred and the Catholic Church served as both the protector and limiter or musical expression. Sacred music was mostly Plain Chant. Monks were the keepers of the muse.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1450 to

    The Renaissance

  • Oct 14, 1450

    Printing Press Invented

    Printing Press Invented
    The Renaissance Begins!
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    Baroque Period

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    George Frideric Handel

    George Frederic Handel was born and trained in Halle, Germany. He then worked as a composer in Hamburg and Italy until he moved to London where he became well known for operas, orations, anthems and organ concertos.
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    J.S. Bach

    What’s the Deal with Bach ? Johann Sebastian is one of the most influential composers of all time. In the world of Music Theory, he is responsible for perfecting the tonal harmony system, creating the "Well Tempered" tuning method. He is noted for being the last Baroque composer, and for his innovative and impeccable compositional technique.
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    Joseph Haydn

    Franz Joseph Haydn was a hard-working Austrian composer during the Classical era who didn't have a lot to base his work off of with very little money as a young adult, but he persevered and became one of the best composers of his era, teaching people to the likes of Beethoven.
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    Classical Period

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    Ludwig van Beethoven

    Beethoven was a German composer with strong perseverance to work for what he truly loved even when faced with the toughest obstacles. during his time he composed 722 pieces ranging from symphonies to concertos and sonatas.
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    Hector Berlioz

    Born in France, 1803, Berlioz was a romantic composer best known for writing 'Treatise on Instrumentation' (a book on Western instruments) and for composing 'Symphonie fantastique'.
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    Frédéric Chopin

    Chopin was a Polish composer who shaped the Romantic era with his technically challenging but sensitive and emotional piano works.
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    Richard Wagner

    Richard Wagner was an influential German composer/opera-writer of the Romantic era who lacked all interest in music during his childhood, but went on to become one of the most respected composers/opera-writers in history.
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    Romantic Period

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    Pyotr Il'yich Tchaikovsky

    Tchaikovsky was a Russian composer from the Romantic Era who was the first to combine traditional Russian and Western styles in music, thus starting a new style. He is most commonly known for his ballets; The Nutcracker, Swan Lake and The Sleeping Beauty. Apart from his ballets he is known for the 1812 Overture and Romeo and Juliet, which is based on the shakespearean play.
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    Giacomo Puccini

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    Gustav Mahler

    Richard Wagner was an influential German composer/opera-writer of the Romantic era who lacked all interest in music during his childhood, but went on to become one of the most respected composers/opera-writers in history.
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    Claude-Achille Debussy

    Born in France on August 22, 1862 to China shopkeepers, Claude Debussy was a dominantly impressionist composer during the transition between the Romantic and Contemporary eras. He was accepted to the Paris Conservatory of Music at age 11 and went on to teach high wealth children how to play piano and, later, become a well-known but controversial composer.
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    Impressionistic/Post Romantic Period

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    Maurice Ravel

    A French composer who's fascinated by the musical elements used in the past, while also exploring new possibilities to be used in his works, creating a feel of "Unique French sensibility and refinement". "The only relationship I need is between me and my music"
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    Béla Bartok

    Béla Viktor János Bartók (born March 25th 1881 and died on September 26th 1945) was a Hungarian pianist and composer who was considered one of the most vital and influential of the 20th century. The way in which he analyzed folk music made him also one of the founders of ethnomusicology, which is the studying of music from social and cultural facets of the people who compose such music. Him and Liszt are known as Hungary’s “greatest composers.”
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    Igor Stravinsky

    Stravinsky was interested in music, however his parents didn't want him following their footsteps and persuaded him to study law. When his father died in 1902, Stravinsky felt free to work towards his musical career. He has written pieces such as “Scherzo Fantastique” and “Feu d’Artifice”, however he is most famously known for his full-length ballet score “The Firebird”.
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    Prokofiev

    Sergei Prokofiev was a Soviet composer, conductor, and pianist, most well known for composing modern classical music with odd harmonies.
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    George Gershwin

    Gershwin was a modern American composer who is most known for composing numerous famous musicals and other orchestral works such as Rhapsody in Blue.
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    Jazz & Popular Music Period

  • Aaron Copland

    Aaron Copland is one of the most, if not THE most important American composer, influencer, and conductor who taught many students including Leonard Bernstein.
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    Shostakovich

    Shostakovich was an influential 20th century Russian composer. He composed 15 symphonies and three operas as well as many other pieces of music.
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    John Cage

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    Contemporary Period

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    Philip Glass

    Philip Glass is an American composer who was born in Baltimore on January 31, 1937. He is considered to be one of the most influential music makers of the late twentieth century. He is known for his minimalist approach to music making.
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    Ernesto Cordero

    Ernesto Cordero is a Puerto Rican composer born in New York and raised in Puerto Rico, who redefined the Neo-Classical movement by introducing Caribbean style and is most well known for his unorthodox harmonic structure.
  • Odell's Birthday!

    Odell's Birthday!
    A most important day in musical history
  • Death of Harambe

    RIP Harambe