British inventor Robert Hooke used cups and string to transmit sound over a distance and was the first person recorded to achieve this. Hooke was seen to have laid the groundwork for the invention of the microphone and the telephone.
First sound Recorded
Sound was First recorded by Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville using a device he invented which was named the 'phonautograph'. The phonautograph recorded sound waves onto paper or glass which had been blackened by soot or smoke, the recordings which were taken from the device are referred to as phonautograms. The device could measure the amplitude envelopes and also the waveforms of speech and sounds.
First Microphone Created
The first microphone was said to be created by Emile Berliner in the year 1876. Berliner worked with the inventor Thomas Edison, who later patented the telephone.
Before LPs were created out of vinyl the way of playing back recorded sound would be by using a wax cylinder, these would be handcrafted meaning they wouldn't have been widespread. You can see the wax cylinder in use here
Patent granted to Emile Berlin for the Gramophone
German inventor Emile Berlin got the idea for the gramophone patented. The gramophone was later developed and the first few records were made out of glass meaning they were incredibly fragile.
The pianola was invented by Edwin S. Votey and is a self-playing piano which works using a pneumatic mechanism, which could be electromechanical instead. Music is programmed using perforated paper which correlates to the notes of a set-piece.
Lee De Forst invented the triode which is defined as an 'amplifying vaccum tube'. The triode has been used as an amplifier for audio and radio signals.
Nathaniel Baldwin created the headphones which he called "radio earphones" which were created out of copper wire and a headband. Headphones were then developed throughout the years and the sound-cancelling headphones were invented for studio use and were released in 1989.
First Jazz Recording
The first jazz recording was by the Original Dixieland Jazz Band; it was recorded for the Victor Talking Machine Company. The recordings were at first seen as a novelty music type however it became an unexpected hit throughout America, which gave America its first jazz record.
Optical Sound Recording
Optical sound recording is used most commonly in the film industry. It is a way of storing recordings of sound on transparent film to later be played back.
First Modern Electrical Loudspeaker Patented
C. W. Rice developed the modern speaker with his colleague E.W. Kellog. The first working prototype was developed in 1921, this being the first prototype to achieve a crisp sound. The patent was filed in 1925 and the product was sold for $250 which equates to around $3000 in today's currency.
Before the invention of the LP wax cylinders were used to playback sound, however, the LP was made of vinyl material and meant that they could be commercially produced.
The Magnetophon was the first magnetic tape recorder. It lead the way for the development into the cassette and the sony cassette player.
Compact Cassette Created
Phillips created the cassette, which is a medium of storing sound recordings in a compact size. The cassette could fit up to 30 minutes of sound onto it. The device was developed in Belgium by a team which was lead by Lou Ottens.
First electronic drum created
Dutch pop drummer Felix Visser modified an 'Acetone electronic rhythm boxes' so that it could be used in a live performance setting instead of it playing a set rhythm like the device was intended to, this could be seen as the start of computerised drums.
Sony Released The Walkman
This device allowed people to take their cassettes on the go away from their stationary systems.
Compact Disc Created
The compact disc often referred to as a 'CD' was developed by Phillips and Sony. The intended use for the storage format was for storing and playing sound recordings, however, later it was adapted for the use of storing data files.
Musical Instrument Digital Interface or MIDI as it is commonly referred to was created by Dave Smith as a solution to synchronise instruments across a uniform interface.
First Commercial Digital Synthesiser
Yamaha Released the first successful commercial synthesiser which was the DX7, this was a large step as it made synthesisers more available for the public and also bands and recording artists.
Apple Markets The Macintosh Computer
The release of the first Macintosh is useful in regards to music tech as Macs are widespread across the industry, from being used in studios to being the device controlling the backing at a band or artists show.
The start of mp3 files being used to listen to music, the iPod was one of the first, following the walkman of ways of portably listening to music and changing the way music is consumed and bought.
Spotify released and changed the way that people consume music, streaming sites became the most common way of listening to music meaning physical sales went down and shops like HMV shut down due to the lack of high street music sales.