Music History Timeline

Timeline created by cturn138
In Music
  • 1030

    Guido of Arezzo's Micrologus

    The Micrologus is a treatise about Medieval music. Guido speaks of Gregorian chant and polyphonic music. He speaks of how Gregorian chant is sung and how polyphonic music is composed.
  • 1280

    Franco of Cologne/Ars Cantus Mensurabilis

    Ars Cantus Mensurabilis is a music theory treatise written by Franco of Cologne.In his treatise, Franco wrote of consonances and dissonances. Within consonances were perfect, intermediate and imperfect intervals. Within dissonances there were perfect and imperfect intervals. The Franconian Mensural notation, named after Franco, was made up of the double long, long, breve and semi-breve. This was a new way to notate.
  • 1320

    Ars Nova Treatise

    Philippe de Vitry from France wrote the Ars Nova Treatise. This included the new styles of music. The Ars Nova introduced more isorhythmic songs composed of the rhythmic talea and the melodic color.
  • 1450

    Gutenberg Printing Press

    The Gutenberg Printing Press brought opportunities for composers to make more of an income and allowed for more amateur music to be produced. The press also allowed for more preservation of music as it could be printed and saved.
  • 1515

    Josquin’s Missa Pangue Lingua

    Josquin’s "Missa Pangue Lingua" is part of the ordinary of the mass. This mass, most likely written at the end of Josquin's life, is his most famous mass. It is based off of "Pange Lingua Gloriosi", by Thomas Aquinas.
  • 1529

    Martin Luther’s Ein feste burg

    Martin Luther’s "Ein feste burg", which translates to "A Mighty Fortress is Our God", is Martin Luther's most famous Hymn.
  • 1538

    Arcadelt Il bianco e dolce cigno

    "Il bianco e dolce cigno" is Arcadelt's best know work. The entire song is an intricate innuendo. The piece is mostly homophonic and inspired "The Silver Swan" by Gibbons.
  • 1567

    Palestrina's Pope Marcellus Mass

    Palestrina's "Pope Marcellus Mass" is a mass composed of six voices. This is the most famous example of Renaissance polyphonic choral music. Palestrina used the piece to save polyphony as he pronounced text through imitative lines so they were clear to the listener.
  • Sonata pian’e forte

    Giovanni Gabrieli wrote "Sonata pian'e forte". This was the first piece where instrumentation was specified. It is also one of the first pieces to use piano and forte markings. The piece was written for St Mark's, Venice.
  • Monteverdi's L’Orfeo

    Monteverdi's L'Orfeo is an opera based on the greek myth of Orpheus and Eurydice. The opera follows Orpheus as he descends into Hades to try and retrieve his dead bride and fails to do so.
  • First Public Concerts in England

    Public concerts were held in the homes of the musicians. Concert rooms began to be set up and taverns began to invite musicians to play at their establishments. It was considered an honor to be asked to play at a concert.
  • Purcell's Dido and Aeneas

    Purcell's Dido and Aeneas is based on Virgil’s Aeneid. The opera follows Dido, queen of Carthage, who falls in love with Aeneas. Dido then falls into despair as Aeneas leaves her. The Libretto was by Nahum Tate. The Orchestra was composed of only strings and basso continuo.
  • Antonio Vivaldi's L’Estro Armonico

    Antonio Vivaldi's L’Estro Armonico is a set of twelve concertos for string instruments.
  • Brandenburg Concertos

    Six concertos written for Christian Ludwig, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt.
  • Rameau's Traité de l’harmonie

    Rameau's Traité de l’harmonie is the most used of any theoretical works as it became the basis for teaching functional harmony.
  • The Well-Tempered Clavier volume 1

    The Well-Tempered Clavier is a number of preludes and fugues in all keys to help students of the clavier to progress in their studies.
  • Handel's Messiah

    Handel's Messiah is composed of three parts, the prophecies, the passion and the second coming. The whole composition ends in the hallelujah chorus, which is a familiar tune to many as Handel intended it to be.
  • Haydn's op.33 String Quartets

    Haydn's op.33 had a new composition to it. These used the rondo form, presenting the music in an ABACA format. These pieces are dedicated to the Grand Duke Paul of Russia.
  • Mozart's Piano Concerto No.23

    Mozart's Piano Concerto No.23 is composed for a solo piano and orchestra. This piece consists of three movements.
  • Mozart's Don Giovanni

    Mozart's Don Giovanni is an opera set in Seville, Spain. This opera is based on the legend of Don Juan and is sung in Italian. The opera is a Dramma giocoso.
  • Symphony No. 5 in C minor

    This Symphony, set to four movements, would become Beethoven's most famous piece. The opening to it has become a staple of classical music. It was first performed at the Theater an der Wien in Vienna.
  • Period:

    Medieval Period

  • Period:


    Charlemagne was the Holy Roman emperor. He established 500 to 600 tunes, which were later increased to 3,000.
  • Period:

    Musica Enchiriadis

    The author the the Musica Enchiriadis talks about the organum. The two types discussed are parallel organum and oblique organum. Parallel has voices that are a fifth, fourth or octave below that often created problems with tritones. This led to the creation of the oblique organum that had a different added melodic line.
  • Period:
    Sep 17, 1179

    Hildegard of Bingen

    Hildegard of Bingen is famous for creating nonliturgical but scared works of music. Her most famous work is a mortality play, in which she wrote the melodies and the poetry.
  • Period:


    Troubadour (male) and trobairitz (female) were poet singers in the south of France. They spoke provençal. These singers created songs of courtly love in the strophic form. The singers often used chansonniers, or songbooks.
  • Period:

    Notre Dame School Polyphony

    The first man to bring change at Notre Dame was Leonin. He composed lots of music with polyphony, two voice settings, solo portions and discant style. This was sung during the time of the Notre Dame School of Polyphony.
  • Period:

    Guillaume de Machaut

    Guillaume de Machaut was the main composer for Ars Nova in France. He was the first to create more secular songs than sacred. One of his most famous compositions is the "Messe de Nostre Dame" that was made up of a polyphonic and unified sound.
  • Period:

    Francesco Landini

    Francesco Landini was a famous Italian musician of the Trecento. He is known for the "Landini Cadence" and musica ficta. "Landini Cadences" were the lower voices moving a 6th, 5th or octave to create a cadence. Musica ficta was used to make music more pleasing to the ear, avoid the tritone and accomplish landini cadences.
  • Period:


  • Period:

    Concerto delle Donne

    Concerto delle Donne were a group of professional female singers in the court of Ferrara, Italy.
  • Period: to


  • Period: to

    JS Bach

    JS Bach is one of the most famous composers and musicians of the Baroque era. Bach was famous for his use of the fugue in much of his instrumental works. Bach also wrote a number of chorales.
  • Period: to


    Handel was a composer who spent most of his time in London composing a number of operas, oratorios, concertos and anthems .
  • Period: to

    Pre Classical Period

  • Period: to

    Franz Joseph Haydn

    Haydn was an Austrian composer. He spent most of his time at Esterhaza Palace composing for the family that lived there. He wrote many symphonies, sonatas, quartets, operas and oratorios.
  • Period: to

    Chevalier de Saint-Georges as director of Concerts des Amateurs

    Chevalier de Saint-Georges conducted one of the top orchestras in Paris called the "Concerts des Amateurs". After the American revolution the orchestra struggled to stay funded but was soon taken up by the free masons who renamed it "Le Concert Olympique".
  • Period: to

    WA Mozart

    As a child, Mozart traveled the world on tour performing before many people, including royalty. Mozart was a musician in Salzburg for a time until he decided to stay in Vienna where he would compose many of his greatest works.
  • Period: to

    Viennese Classical Period

  • Period: to


  • Period: to

    Haydn's London Symphonies

    The London Symphonies are a number of symphonies that Haydn wrote on his first and second visit to London. Symphonies 93-98 were written on his first visit while symphonies 99-104 were written on his second visit.