Music History Time Line

  • Period: 500 to 1450

    Medieval Period

  • 1030

    Guido of Arezzo's Micrologus

    Micrologus ("little treatise)
    It is a book written by Arezzo that outlines easier Gregorian chant singing and teaching method. This is when music notation transits from neumatic notation to staff notation (4 lines). Guidonian hand was created to aid with sight signing. Other notable inventions and systems from this period are solmization and the hexachord system.
  • Period: 1098 to 1179

    Hildegard of Bingen

  • 1323

    Ars Nova Treatise

    The innovation in this document is the notation of rhythms and prolations. This allowed for more specific and varied notations for duple meter, triple meter, and subdivisions.
  • Period: 1450 to

    Renaissance Period

  • 1485

    Josquin's Motet: Ave Maria...virgo serena

  • 1529

    Martin Luther's A Mighty Fortress

    Ein feste burg
  • 1538

    Arcadelt Madrigal, Il bianco e dolce cigno

  • 1567

    Palestrina Pope Marcellus Mass

    This piece is the most descriptive example of Palestrina's style. Stepwise dissonance was allowed in moving voices or in suspensions; it was resolved on strong beats. Palestrina arch was created by a leap and stepwise motion to the opposite direction.
  • Victoria Missa O magnum mysterium

    It is a parody (imitation) mass.
  • Gabrieli Sonata pian'e forte

    This was composed at St. Mark, Venice.
    The two-fold importance for this piece is that it was the first piece with dynamics written in and the specification of instruments.