MUHA Timeline by Parris Fleming

  • 354

    St. Augustine

  • Dec 9, 750


    style of notation
  • Dec 7, 1100


    style of notation
  • Dec 7, 1100

    Ad Organum Faciendum

    organum manual
  • Dec 7, 1119

    Codex Calixtinus

    Set of 5 books w/ music, pilgramige manual
  • Dec 7, 1150


    style of notation
  • Dec 6, 1200

    Noble Patronage I

    France, Spain, and Italy until 1650, France: Troubadours, Trobairitz, Trouvers. Italy: Dance music and madrigals. Spain: Villancies
  • Dec 7, 1200


    style of notation
  • Dec 8, 1200

    Troubadours and Trouveres

    Wandering poet, musicians employed by nobility, high class, Trouveres - women, Troubadours and Trobairitz - men
  • Dec 1, 1270

    Non Sofre Santa Maria

    Galacian-Portuguese, possibly sung on pilgramige route
  • Dec 7, 1280


    style of notation
  • Dec 7, 1300

    Ars Nova

    style of notation
  • Dec 9, 1337

    "The Effects of Good and Bad Government in the Town an"d in the Country

    Painting, Ambriogo Lorenzetti
  • Dec 8, 1350

    Dance Music and Madrigals

    Italy, divided into states, dance genre (saltarello), vocal genres (madrigal)
  • Dec 7, 1400

    Ars Subtilior

    style of notation
  • Dec 9, 1425

    "Holy Trinity with the Virgin, St. John, and Donors" painting

  • Dec 9, 1480

    "Idealized view of the city"

  • Dec 7, 1485

    Ave Maria

    written for church, first piece of music printed (1502), renaissance style
  • Dec 9, 1492

    Columbus sails the ocean blue

  • Dec 9, 1492

    Reconquista finished with the fall of Granada

  • Dec 9, 1492

    Jew exiled from Spain

  • Dec 9, 1492

    First spanish grammar published

  • Dec 9, 1501

    Michelangelo's "David"

  • Dec 8, 1507

    Jacques Arcadelt

    Italian composer (Dance music and madrigals), Il bianco - The sweet white swan
  • Dec 6, 1561

    Carlo Gesualdo

    Italian composer (Dance music and Madrigals), Io parto, was a prince
  • Dec 7, 1567

    Claudio Monteverdi

    Composed and published motets, madrigals and operas
  • Dec 8, 1575

    Hernando Franco

    first major composer, chapel master (main composer for cathedral)
  • Dec 9, 1580

    Florentine Camerata

    academies/place to learn
  • Juan Gutierrez

    spanish composer, puebla cathedral, villancicos (holiday music)
  • Flow my tears

    written by John Galen, right between renaissance and baroque, accompanied by Lute, downward motion is the theme
  • Euridice

    Opera by Jacobo Peri in Florence
  • L'Orfeo

    written by Claudio Monteverdi
  • Teatro San Cassiano

    First opera house, built in Venice
  • Common wealth period

    political change, monarchy exiled to France
  • Antonio de Salazar

    spanish composer, puebla and mexico city, villancicos
  • Arcangelo Corelli

    concerto grusso, alternating the lines (ritornello)
  • Francisco Lopez Capillas

    first mexican composer, worked as chapel master, choirboy, organist, villancicos
  • Giuseppe Torelli

    wrote sonatas w/ ornamented top line, voice/instruments playing together
  • Academic Royale de Musique

    Royal Opera
  • Cadmus et Hermione

    french baroque opera
  • Antonio Viraldi

    solo instruments that alternated w/ updated style, new style of italian music swept Europe (technically advanced, short, fast notes, better instruments), publications, 500 concertos, 230 solo violin, worked at "Ospedale della Pieta" (orphanage)
  • J.S. Bach

    German Composer, did every genre EXCEPT opera, huge family of musicians, choral music, instrumental music, conerti and sonatas
  • Manuel de Sumaya

    mexican composer, choirboy, organist, taught by Salazar
  • Dido and Aeneas

    Henry Purcell
  • Ingacio Jerusalem y Stella

    Italian composer, worked in spanish theaters, villancicos/cantadas, responsories (using operatic forms)
  • Carl Philippe Emanuel

    two careers: noble patron and city council
  • Six Brandenburg concerti

    Bach concerti
  • Christian Cannabich

    chamber music for houses
  • Joseph Haydn

    started as a choirboy in Vienna, early musical training, count morzin, works: symphonies, string quartets, chamber music, operas, sacred music
  • Goldberg Variations

    Bach keyboard genre
  • James Hook

    Theater composer, wrote songs, overtures, house music
  • L'Encyclopedie

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    Born in Austria, played publically at 6, hundreds of works (sonatas, symphonies, masses, concertos and opera), wild guy, didn't like to teach
  • Ludwig Van Beethoven

    Born in Germany, started playing professionally at 7, toured Germany at age 20, not a good teacher, nasty person
  • Hydn or Oxford Symphony 92

    comissioned by frenchman, french revolution also going on
  • Giachino Rossini

    italian opera composer, wrote other genres too (especially sacred music), 38 mature operas over 18 years, 2 operas a year, international reputation, retired early at age of 37 (wealthy)
  • Gaetano Donizetta

    Italian composer, 71 operas (1 per month)
  • Franz Schubert

    600 songs, 2 cycles,
  • Hector Berlioz

    French composer, works include: symphony fantastique, other symphonies, piano songs, an opera, overtures to shakespears
  • Frederic Chopin

    polish composer, polonaise, mazuraka, nocturnes
  • Franz Liszt

    Hungarian performer/composer
  • Richard Wagner

    german composer, theater director, know for his operas, complex textures, rich harmonies
  • Guiseppe Verdi

    Italian composer, wrote 24 operas, had more control over the process
  • Symphony Fatastique performed

  • Symphony Fantastique (version 2) performed in Paris

  • Johannes Brahms

    German composer, works include: lots of orchestral music, overture, 4 symphonies, piano pieces, German Requiem
  • Wagner becomes conductor/music director in Germany

  • Georges Bizet

    french opera composers, most famous "Carmen" 1875, exotic themes: gypsies, women smoking, catfights
  • Antonin Dvorak

    bohemian compoer, used folk songs, famous, national conservatory of music, NY 1892
  • Wagner finished the "Flying Dutchman" in France

  • Edvand Grieg

    norwegian composer, trained in germany, worked in Norway, genres: solo piano, chamber music, songs, incidential music
  • Wagner's "The Art-Work of the Future"

  • Wagner's "Judaism in Music"

  • Wagner's "Opera and Drama"

  • Schumann goes insane, Brahms takes over

  • Brahms becomes conductor of Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde

  • Slovonic Dances

    dance forms, published for public use