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Mrs. Brown's American History Class - David Paul

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    The First Continental Congress

    On September 5, 1774, the First Continenetal Congress started their meetings which would last for more than a month. The group of colonists, one of which was John Adams, came together in Philadelphia to find ways in which they could fight against the Intolerable Acts from the British. One of their solutions included the Declaration of Rights and Grievances.
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    The First Continental Congress - Links and Sources

    Links The First Continental Congress Sources "History of a Free Nation" by Henry W. Bragdon http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/congress.htm
  • Lexington and Concord

    Lexington and Concord
    The colonists had been gathering weapons without the British knowing for a while. When the British found out, they went from Boston to Concord to find the weapons and take them away from the rebels. However, the colonists found out about the British mission to Concord, and alerted the other cities. The minutemen were ready for the British soldiers. When the two armies met at Lexington, the first shot was fired which sparked the Revolutionary War.
  • Lexington and Concord - Links and Sources

  • The Second Continental Congress - Links and Sources

    Links The Revolution Ignited Sources http://therevolutionignited27.blogspot.ca/2011/02/second-continental-congress.html "History of a Free Nation" by Henry W. Bragdon "History of a Free Nation" by Henry W. Bragdon
  • The Second Continental Congress

    The Second Continental Congress
    The Second Continental Congress was the group of men who basically took control of the colonial government during the war. They were some of the main political masterminds behind the Revolutionary war. They sent requests to the other colonies in America to gain their support and help. The Second Continental Congress was responsible for the Declaration of Independence in 1776. The Second Continental Congress included Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and Samuel Adams.
  • General George Washington

    General George Washington
    George Washington was the General of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. He had previously been a part of a Virginian militia, but soon became one of the most Patriotic men in North America. He was one of the most influential men who won independence for America. He would later go on to become the first President of the United States of America.
  • General George Washington - Links and Sources

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    The Continental Army

    The Continental Army was led by General George Washington from 1775-1783. This was the army that fought against the British for colonial independence. The Second Contintental Congress was responsible for the creation of the Army. The army fought the British in many battles including at Trenton and at Princeton. The Revolutionary war ended when the Paris Peace Treaty was signed in 1783, giving the United States Independence from Britain. The Continental Army had won the war for independence.
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    The Continental Army - Links and Sources

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    The Loyalists were the men and women in North America during the American Revolution (approx May 10, 1775 - Sept 3, 1783) who stayed loyal to the King of Britain, and who did not want to gain independence from Britain. Some of the Loyalists fought in the British Army as a symbol of their allegience. There was constant conflict during the Revolution within the colonies between the Loyalists and the Patriots because of their ideologies of who should have governed America.
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    Loyalists - Links and Sources

    Links Loyalists vs. Patriots Sources http://www.britishbattles.com/american-revolution.htm "History of a Free Nation" by Henry W. Bragdon "History of a Free Nation" by Henry W. Bragdon
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    The Patriots were the rebels who fought against the British in the Revolution (approx. May 10, 1775 - Sept. 3, 1783) for independence from Britain. The Patriots wanted to have the right to govern theselves in the colonies, have their own military, and not be controlled by the British government which had no representatives from the colonies. The Patriots and the Loyalists were in constant conflict within the colonies throughout the revolution. In the end (1783), the Patriots won independence.
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    Patriots - Links and Sources

  • The Battle of Bunker Hill

    The Battle of Bunker Hill
    The colonists had control of Breed's Hill in Massachusetts. The British wanted to take the Hill, but made unwise decisions in their battle plans which ended up costing them about 40 percent of their force that fought at Bunker Hill. This was a great boost for the colonists because they had military victory even though the colonial army was not as experienced as the British officers and soldiers.
  • The Battle of Bunker Hill - Links and Sources

  • Thomas Paine's Common Sense Published - Links and Sources

    Links Thomas Paine [Quotes from Paine](http://www.marksquotes.com/Founding- Fathers/Paine/) Sources "History of a Free Nation" by Henry W. Bragdon http://www.marksquotes.com/Founding-Fathers/Paine/
  • Thomas Paine's Common Sense Published

    Thomas Paine's Common Sense Published
    Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense in 1776, which was all about getting other colonists on board with fighting for their independence. The book disrespected the King of Britain, and called for independence from Britain. As a result, colonists either became more loyal to Britain, or became Patriots. Many uprisings took place throughout the colonies against the British as a result of the release of Common Sense. The colonists desired political power which would only come through independence.
  • The Declaration of Independence

    The Declaration of Independence
    The Declaration of Independence was the document that the Second Continental Congress made in order to gain Independence for Britain. It included a Preamble, a Declaration of Natural Rights, a List of Grievances, and a Resolution of Independence by the United States. The colonists wanted a government which would be for their own benefit, not Britain's. This political document helped determine the future of the colonies. The people of America demanded freedom from Britain's control.
  • The Declaration of Independence - Links and Sources

  • Trenton

    The Patriot army had not been doing well in terms of winning the war. Since it was Christmas, George Washington predicted that the Hessians, who had control of Trenton and were led by Colonel Johann Gottlieb Rall, would all be drunk from the holiday. The Patriots crossed the Delaware River on the 25, then moved towards Trenton. There, they would surprise the Hessians on the 26, and have victory. They killed/took captive 1000 Hessians in 45 mintues, and wounded Colonel Rall badly in the battle.
  • Trenton - Links and Sources

  • Princeton

    The army that George Washington was leading had just met the British in Battle at Trenton. The British decided to retaliate by sending an army of 8000 men to take the Patriot army. But the amazing planning by Washington prevailed, when the rebels were able to attack the British, and then get away to New Jersey where they would be safe. Again, Washington had outsmarted the British.
  • Princeton - Links and Sources

    Links Battle of Princeton 1777Links The Battle at Princeton Sources "History of a Free Nation" by Henry W. Bragdon http://www.historycentral.com/Revolt/Princeton.html
  • Saratoga

    When the militias from New York and New England met up together at Bemis Heights, their force was much larger than the British force which was moving towards Albany, New York. The British were under the command of British General John Burgoyne. The British force had to surrender at Saratoga because they had run out of enough supplies, were becoming desperate and were outnumbered. (Surrender was in October 1777) Again, the Patriots had military victory.
  • Saratoga - Links and Sources

    Links British Surrender at Saratoga 1777 Sources "History of a Free Nation" by Henry W. Bragdon http://www.lie2us.com/newspro2/preview.php?id=99&cat_id=&p='
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    Valley Forge

    The Continental Army stopped and camped at Valley Forge for almost seven months. They were at their "last gasp for air" because of how badly equiped they were. They needed food, shelter, and clothing in order to survive. About 2000 men perished at Valley Forge. European countries decided to help the Patriots, and sent supplies and more men who would assist in the fight for American independence. The Continental Army regained strength, then moved on to win the war.
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    The British were at Yorktown, commanded by General Cornwallis. The British surrendered on October 19, 1781 because they were surrounded by the American and French forces. This was the final battle of the Revolution, which left the American Patriots victorious both militarily and eventually politically.
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    Yorktown - Links and Sources

  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    The Paris Peace Treaty was signed on September 3, 1783 in Paris. This Treaty was the official end of the Revolutionary War, giving the Americans their independence along with a lot more political and military opportunities. The Americans also recieved more land from the British, which would soon allow them to settle in other parts of the continent. The Treaty was signed by Americans such as John Adams and Benjamin Franklin.