Major Events in the Civil Rights Movement

Timeline created by Tamira Bell
In History
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was a regulation that was issued in the United States by President Abraham Lincoln. It declared the freedom of all those that were enslaved in the Confederate states, and mandated all those of the Union, to treat their slaves as if they were free slaves. It also allowed "freed men" to be in the United States Armed Forces.
  • The 14th Amendment is passed

    The 14th Amendment is passed
    The 14th Amendment was ratified to the Constitution in 1868. It gave citizenship to all who were born or naturalized in the U.S. This included freed slaves. It provided protection of African American's civil rights.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    Oliver Brown, et al. v. Board of Education of Topeka, et al. was an important Supreme Court Case. It proclaimed states laws that instituted segregation in public schools unconstitutional. Segration transgressed against the 14th Amendment. The decision inegrated public schools.
  • Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat

    Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat
    Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus for a white man in Montgomery, Alabama. She was arrested and fined for breaking the "Jim Crow" laws. Her actions began the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • Montgomery bus system desegregates.

    Montgomery bus system desegregates.
    Because Rosa Parks arrest and beingcharged with breaking the Jim Crow laws, African Americans in Montgomery held the Montgomery Bus Boycott. No African American rode the bus. This significantly hurt the bus company because more than 65% of the people who rode the buses were black. Thus the company lost alot of money. After 381 days, the Supreme Court ruled the segegration of the buses unconstitutional, thus desegregating the buses.
  • SCLC is founded.

    SCLC is founded.
    The Southern Christian Leadership Conference is an organization that advocates for the civil rights of African Americans. It was founded by Martin Luther King, Fred Shuttlesworth, Ralph Abernathy, Bayard Rustin, and Joseph Lowery. It promoted results through non-violence.
  • MLK writes his “Letter from Birmingham Jail”.

    MLK writes his “Letter from Birmingham Jail”.
    "Letter from a Birmingham Jail [King, Jr.]" MLK wrote this letter to his clergymen while he was in the Birmingham City Jail. It defends nonviolent resistance.
  • Medgar Ever killed

    Medgar Ever killed
    Medgar Evers was a Civil Rights Activist and the head of the NAACP. He was assassinated in his drive way by Byron De La Beckwith.
  • MLK's "I Have A Dream" Speech

    MLK's "I Have A Dream" Speech
    Martin Luther King's speech was on the steps of the Lincol Memorial in Washington, D.C. He credited his supporters and precipitated the Civil Rights Act. His speech was live on television networks all over the country.
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is passed.

    The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is passed.
    This was a legislation in the United States that outlawed all discriminatory actions against race, ethnicity, religion, and women. It also put segregation and unequal voting rights to an end.
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

    Voting Rights Act of 1965
    The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was a national legislation that outlawed any fom of discrimination in voting.
  • MLK is Killed

    MLK is Killed
    Martin Luther King is one of the best known African American Civil Rights Activist during the Civil Rights Movement. He was assassinated on April 4, 1968 in Memphis. He was assassinated by James Earl Ray.
  • Period: to

    The Civil Rights period