Major Developments in Forensic Science History

Timeline created by austinrodriguez
  • Dec 31, 700

    Chinese used fingerprints to establish identity of documents and clay sculptures

    700s AD
  • Dec 31, 1149

    King Richard of England introduced the idea of the coroner to investigate questionable death

  • Fidelus was first to practice forensic medicine in Italy1670—Anton Van Leeuwenhoek constructed the first high-powered microscope

  • Gustav Kirchhoff and Robert Bunsen developed the science of spectroscopy.

    Gustav Kirchhoff and Robert Bunsen developed the science of spectroscopy.
  • Crime scene photography developed

  • Alphonse Bertillon developed a system to identify people using particular body measurements

    Alphonse Bertillon developed a system to identify people using particular body measurements
    Alphonse Bertillon Alphonse Bertillon (1853–1914), the son of medical professor Louis Bertillon, was a French criminologist and anthropologist who created the first system of physical measurements, photography, and record-keeping that police could use to identify recidivist criminals.
  • Edward Henry developed first classification system for fingerprint identification

    Edward Henry developed first classification system for fingerprint identification
    Edward Henry Sir Edward Richard Henry, a British official stationed in India, began to develop a system of fingerprint identification for Indian criminals. (Henry created 1,024 primary fingerprint classifications.) In Argentina, Juan Vucetich, a police official, also used Galton's findings to create a fingerprint system.
  • Edmond Locard formulated his famous principle, “Every contact leaves a trace.”

    Edmond Locard formulated his famous principle, “Every contact leaves a trace.”
  • James Watson and Francis Crick discover the DNA double helix

    James Watson and Francis Crick discover the DNA double helix
  • AFIS developed by FBI, fully automated in 1996

    AFIS developed by FBI, fully automated in 1996
  • Jeffreys developed and used first DNA tests to be applied to a criminal case

    Jeffreys developed and used first DNA tests to be applied to a criminal case
    Alec Jefferys use of genetic tests in forensics goes back a century to the discovery of blood typing. But it wasn’t until the development of the first DNA fingerprinting techniques by Alec Jeffreys in 1984