Major battles/events of the Civil War

Timeline created by MAngelique
In History
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    The First Battle of Bull Run was fought on July 21, 1861, in Virginia, near the City of Manassas and Bull Run creek. It was the first major land battle of the American Civil War.
    People in volved in the Battle of Bull Run was Irvin McDowell, was a career American army officer, Joseph E. Johnston, was one of the most senior general officers in the Confederate States Army, and P.G.T. Beauregard, first leading general of the Confederate State
    Confederate (south) were defeated by Union (north).
  • Period: to

    Civil War

    Although General Lee surrendered, The last major fight of the Civil War was dated on June 23,1865. This battle was led by General Stand Watie. The four years of gore finally came to an end.
  • Legal Tender Act: war bonds

    Legal Tender Act: war bonds
    In 1862, Congress passed the Legal Tender Act. This was created to encourage people to buy war bonds. These specific bonds was made so that the Union could pay for wartime goods. This was also the very first "greenback" currency that this country produced.
  • Monitor vs. Virginia

    Monitor vs. Virginia
    On March 9,1862, was the battle that occured on the sea; where the Union ship "Monitor", went up against the Confederate ship titled "Virginia", off the Virginia coast. On this specific date, the two ships met to battle one another, which resulted in an undecided victory, a tie.
  • Battle of Glorieta Pass

    Battle of Glorieta Pass
    On March 26-28,1862, Major John Chivington and Lt.Col.Maanuel Chavez defeated the rebel troops by damaging their supply train. Union soldiers yet again gained victory over the Confederate in the Battle of Glorieta Pass.
  • The Battle of Shiloh

    The Battle of Shiloh
    In February 1862, General U.S.Grant led the attack on two Forts: Fort Henr on the Tennesse River and Fort Donelson on the Cumberland River. Almost 30,000 Union and Confederate soldiers were either killed or wounded. This battle that they named The Battle of Shiloh dated in April 6-7, 1862, was won by Union soldiers. This battle also corrupted U.S.Grants' reputation.
  • Admiral Farragut

     Admiral Farragut
    In April 25,1862, Admiral David Farragut led the Union ships through the Gulf and took over the important southern port of New Orleans at the Mississippi Rivers' opening. Farragut continued his voyage to the north, hoping to imprison the opposing soldiers in Vicksburg,Mississippi. The Confederacy stopped the commanders' seize over 50 miles from Vicksurg. Eventually, the Union won this battled as well.
  • Homestead Act

    Homestead Act
    In 1862, Congress also passed the Homestead Act. This particular act helped farmers gain western land for cheap costs to grow crops on that land.
  • Seven Days: Battle in Richmond

    Seven Days: Battle in Richmond
    Union General McClellan and Confederate General Robert E. Lee led the battle that occured in Richmond, on June 26- July 2, 1862. This battle was also known as the Seven Days. This battle led to the Second Bull Run.
  • Second Bull Run

    Second Bull Run
    By McClellans' caution nd reluctance, Lincoln replaced him, which was a noticable mistake. In August 29-30, 1862, led to the exact location of the first Bull Run; became a massacre for the Union. Such desecration forced President Lincoln to put McClellan back in command. But it was too late; the Union faced defeat by the Confederate. The southern states won this battle.
  • Battle of Antietam

    Battle of Antietam
    On September 17,1862, in Sharpsburg; General McClellan surprised the opposing General with finding a copy of Lee's attack plan. With this, the Union was able to gain a battle victory against the Confederacy. More than 23,000 soldiers were killed or injured. this battle was labeled as the bloodiest and most grusome one that lasted a twenty-four hour time frame.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    On September 22,1862, Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation. It was not finalized until January 1,1863. This act motivated thousands of African Americans, and also increased the growth of African American support for President Abraham Lincoln. Which also gave them the courage to join the Union for battle. This proclamation also stated that any slave, is now free.
  • African American Acts

    African American Acts
    Although some African Americans did not join the military (due to enslavement), they performed necessary acts that helped the Unions' cause; becoming spies/scouts, produced food for the troops, formed their own military units, left their masters to help the Union camps, and became a vital asset to the Union military.
  • Militia Act

    Militia Act
    In June 1863, in Port Hudson, Mississippi, was the date and location of the very first, among many, battles that African Americans could fight in. After the Emancipation Proclamation was passed, many brave African Americans started to recruit and fight with the Union. Though the south wasn't as enthusiastic as the north.
  • Draft Riot: Conscription

    Draft Riot: Conscription
    In 1863, the Union made the draft that demanded new soldiers. Any male causcasian from the age of 20 through 45 could be forced to serve in battle. To hire a substitute, a man had to pay $300, although an average worker earned $2 a day. So immigrants and low-income workers, couldn't afford to have a replacement. Afrian Americans were an exception to this conscriptionand became the target. So angry, white, and poor men then started the Draft Riot in July 1863, located in New York.
  • Lincolns' Assassination

    Lincolns' Assassination
    After Robert E. Lee surrender to the Union, a terrible event soonly occured. Lincoln was assassinated by an actor and Confederacy supporter in Ford Theatre. His name was John Wilkes Booth, and wanted to give panic among the Union to give the Confederates' time to plan an overt attack and continue the war.In Washington, on April 20,1865 Lincoln was murdered by a conspirator. This event spurred Lincolns' supporters into action and united them as well.