LGBT Issues in Russia

Timeline created by facebooker_1674533561
  • Lenin Abolishes Tsarist Laws

    This effectively legalizes homosexuality.
  • Article 121 signed into law.

    Article 121 signed into law.
    This law, passed under Stalin's rule labeled male homosexuality a medical illness and was also now a crime by up to five years of hard labor. This was commonly called “male buggery.” There were no criminal statutes regarding lesbianism.
  • Khrushchev liberalizes divorce, abortion, and marriage

    Bans on homosexuality and still in place.
  • First section of Article 121 repealed

    Any and all men imprisoned under the first section of Article 121 were to be released.
  • US Department of State Country Report describes treatment of homosexual prisoners

    Homosexual prisoners are treated as outcasts in prisons. They are required to sleep next t the toilets, must eat seperately for other prisoners, and provide sexual favors for inmates and guards to avoid more serious bodily harm.
  • The Federal Law On Acts of Civil Status enacted

    This allows individuals to change their legal gender, but surgical requirements must be met for this to occur.
  • Russia Adopts ICD-10

    Also known as the tenth edition of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, it's a medical classification list made up by WHO that removed homosexuality as a mental disorder in 1990.
  • Ryazan Oblast’s Duma adopted an amendment to local legislation to outlaw the “propaganda of homosexualism”

    This is to be followed by numerous other oblasts in the next eight years.
  • Alekseyev vs. Russia

    Alekseyev vs. Russia
    European Court of Human Rights Russia’s ban on 164 gay pride events from 2006 to 2008 in violation of the right to freedom of assembly. The European Court of Human Rights ordered that the Russian government compensate Nikolai Alexeyev, a prominent, Russian gay-rights activist (pictured below), for damages and legal fees related to blocking protests. This was seen as a step towards the right to organize.
  • A Moscow district court bans gay pride parades for 100 years.

    A Moscow district court bans gay pride parades for 100 years.
    On the grounds that gay rights rallies cause civil unrest, oppose traditional values, and are contrary to the views of most Russians in Moscow, the government has passed a ban on gay pride demonstrations in the capital city for the next 100 years. Attempted protests in Moscow later that month were met with violent opposition.
  • Irina Fedotova v Russian Federation

    Irina Fedotova v Russian Federation
    On 30 March 2009, Fedotova displayed posters that stated “Homosexuality is normal” and “I am proud of my homosexuality” near a school in Ryazan. U.N. human rights committee declares Russia violated the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights in fining Fedotova for protesting near a school building.
  • Duma passes anti-propoganda law

    Duma passes anti-propoganda law
    Duma passes law banning “propaganda of non-traditional sexual relations.” Putin signs the law into effect three days later.
  • Putin 2013 State of the Nation Address

    Putin 2013 State of the Nation Address
    Putin defends his "anti-propoganda" law and claims it is to keep in tact "traditional family values"
  • LGBTQ Activists arrested on opening day of Sochi 2014

    In St. Petersburg and Moscow, 14 total activists were arrested in violation of the "anti-propogation" law.