Industrial Revolution

  • Mutual-Aid Societies

    Mutual-Aid Societies
    Mutual-Aid Societies was an organization formed voluntarily by individuals. This organization helped to protect members from debts, illness, death, or even old age. This taught people how to put there differences aside and help each other.
  • James Watt

    James Watt
    James Watt played a huge part in the industrial revolution. James Watt was most famous for his work on the world’s first modern steam engine. James’s work on the steam engine would help power the industrial revolution in Great Britain and the rest of the world. His engine helped with paper mills, flour mills, cotton mills, etc.
  • Robert Owen

    Robert Owen
    Robert Owen was a business man and social activist. Robert wanted to improve the conditions on the factory workers. He believed that they shouldn’t work in harsh conditions with very little pay. He also wanted to put a limit on child labor.
  • Cotton Gin

    Cotton Gin
    The cotton gin was a device that separates cotton fibers from the seeds. This helped speed up production. It also contributed to woman and African Americans gaining little recognition for their input.
  • Interchangeable Parts

    Interchangeable Parts
    Before interchangeable parts, workers weren’t able to fix things such as rifles without making a whole new one. Interchangeable parts allowed workers to produce large numbers of identical parts at a low cost. This also means damaged parts could easily be repaired without spending a lot of money.
  • Charles Darwin

    Charles Darwin
    Charles Darwin created Social Darwinism. He believed in survival of the fittest. Which means he refused to accept industrialization as a progress of freedom. Charles Darwin ended up impacting science and the way we think about our world.
  • Corporations

    Corporations helped spark the industrial revolution three decades earlier. Corporations could help raise capital from diverse sources. Such as providing important mechanism for savers and producers alike.
  • Alfred Nobel

    Alfred Nobel
    Alfred Nobel invented dynamite and the blasting cap required to make it explode in the 1860s. He licensed it in the United States and the industrial revolution began. With dynamite, mines could be dug quicker and deeper.
  • Thomas Edison

    Thomas Edison
    Thomas Edison invented the light bulb as well as many other inventions such as power generation and sound recording. The light bulb aloud people to work longer hours. This helped with a longer work week which unfortunate hurt the working class.
  • Socialism

    Socialism is political ideology. Socialism started to arose largely due to the economic and social consequences of the industrial revolution. Socialism showed that transitioning to an industrialized society was hard for the workers because of the desire to improve their work and living conditions. This made them form socialist parties.
  • Communism

    Communism is a form of government most closely associated with the ideas of Karl Marx. Communism in the industrial revolution wanted eliminate socioeconomic class struggles. This means everyone would share the benefits of labor and the state controls all property of wealth. The upper class did not want this.
  • Social Democracy

    Social Democracy
    Social Democracy was a labor movement within socialism during the industrial revolution. It aimed to replace private ownership with social ownership within production, distribution, and exchange. Social democracy was also a peaceful protest rather than one with violence.
  • Social Darwinism

    Social Darwinism
    Social Darwinism was a theory that really didn’t have any purpose in till the industrial revolution. The reason for this was because when the nation progressed from the Industrial Age of Iron into the Age of Steel. This era created new inventions and massive corporations. There was two responses to social darwinism, one was populism and the other was progressivism.
  • Airplane

    During the later part of the industrial revolution the first airplane was flown. It was flown and built by the wright brothers. This was a huge step for the gasoline engine.
  • Assembly Line

    Assembly Line
    The assembly line allowed workers to get jobs more quickly. An example of this is when making parts for cars instead of it taking sixteen hours to make it only took half the time. The only downfall to this was it made the workers job repetitive. This is also played on huge part on the invention of the digital factories we use today.