Industrial Revolution

  • Housing

    Housing
    Before the Industrial Revolution the housing was bad. Some homes had dirt floors and others weren’t really fully enclosed. People had to sleep on piles of straw and their homes weren’t really sanitary. People were getting diseases from the places they were living in. The neighborhoods had to share restroom areas also. When the Industrial Revolution Started housing got much better.
  • Agricultural Changes

    Agricultural Changes
    During the Industrial Revolution, agricultural chnages were abig part in the Industrial Revolution time period. New machinary was a big part in the factories used to make and produce items. These new machines were a huge plus in the factories to help increase production faster. Other forms of agricultural chnages incluse crops being ordered, irrigation and new water supply methods were being invented to help the factories, as well as new tools used, and new fertilizers also used.
  • Human Aspect

    Human Aspect
    Factories that came up during the Industrial Revolution changed the way people lived and worked in a dramatic way. Urbanisation made families move to the cities in order to get work. As a result, these urban areas became more and more overcrowded. They were often dirty and unhealthy places to live in because of the pollution that came from factories and iron mills. Factory work created many problems for labourers. For the first time in history a large number of people had to work together in the
  • Iron

    Iron
    The Industrial Revolution could not have developed without coal and iron. Coal was needed to make steam engines run and to produce iron. At the beginning of the 18 th century iron makers found a way to extract pure iron out of iron ore. They used coke, which was purer than coal and burned hotter, to melt the ore. As a result, the iron production increased and by the early 1800s enough iron was produced to make the goods that people needed, like machine frames, water pipes, rails.
  • Capitalism

    Capitalism
    As the technologies of industrialization moved outward from Great Britain into Europe and North America, the world rapidly went through the Industrial Revolution. Because of its trade with America, England was able to import a large amount of cotton. These mass imports of cotton became cheaper when technological advances in agriculture allowed cotton to be picked and processed much fast than before. Using this cotton, Great Britain's first manufactured industry was the textile industry.
  • Steam Engine

    Steam Engine
    New machines that were introduced during the Industrial Revolution needed more and more power to work. Up to the 18th century England got most of its energy from waterwheels that were run by the flow of rivers. In the 1760s the Scottish engineer James Watt invented the steam engine. It was able to run factory machines and was powered by coal, which was Great Britain’s primary raw material.
  • Canals

    Canals
    Canals were a big mode of transportation in the Industrial Revolution. Before they started getting built boats would of had to travel all the way around the countries which caused trading of coal and other resources to be slow. By canals being built trading went faster which made production of products quicker.
  • Watts Steam Machine

    Watts Steam Machine
    In 1763 a Scottish mechanic named James Watt was asked to repair a machine. While Watt was repairing the machine he found a way to build a more efficient machine. Before he built this machine, equipment ran off of running water so factories had to be built next to running streams. Now that Watt has figured out this machine that doesn’t need flowing water factories can be built in more convenient places making production faster and more efficient.
  • Labor

    Labor
    VideoChildren as young as six years old during the industrial revolution worked hard hours for little or no pay. Children sometimes worked up to 19 hours a day, with a one-hour total break. This was a little bit on the extreme, but it was not common for children who worked in factories to work 12-14 hours with the same minimal breaks. Not only were these children subject to long hours, but also, they were in horrible conditions. Large, heavy, and dangerous equipment was very common for children to be
  • Metallurgy

    Metallurgy
    A big change in the metal industry was changing from wood to coal. Up until the Industrial Revolution wood had been the number one source of heat for factories and laborers. In the industrial revolution coal replaced wood quickly. Workers found that coal was much easier to mine for rather than cutting down wood for heat. This was a big change in production because it made things go quicker.
  • Spreading to the United States

    Spreading to the United States
    In the beginning the United States were slow to being any kind of industrialization. They relied solely on the farming and trading. It was hard for them to get any kind of laborers because the people were moving westward. In 1789 Samuel Slater moved to the United States to begin a new life. He was asked to build a machine that had built in the country he had just come from but they didn’t allow the ideas to cross the sea he to build it from memory.
  • Pioneers Industries and Inventions

    Pioneers Industries and Inventions
    In the early 1800s The inventions really started to pop up in the United States. In Pennsylvania people started making tools guns and furnaces out of iron. In New York the spinning machines powered by steam were being made. While all of this was going on Oliver Evans made an even more efficient steam engine that started replacing Watts all over the country.
  • Textiles

    Textiles
    The textile industry significantly grew during the Industrial Revolution. In 1813, Francis Cabot Lowell set up the first American textile factory. It combined the tasks that were needed to transform raw cotton into finished cotton.The demand for cloth grew, so merchants had to compete with others for the supplies to make it. From the high demand for cloth, a man named Jmes Hargreaves invented a machine called the “spinning jenny” which was a machine used to increase the production of cloth durin
  • Tranportation

    Tranportation
    The mass production of goods during the 18 th and 19 th centuries called for new methods of transportation. New roads and a system of canals carried products made in factories to markets all over Britain. Coal, which was needed in factories in great quantities, was also transported on canals.George Stephenson built a type of steam engine that could move on rails. In 1830 the Liverpool to Manchester railroad was opened and in the following twenty years, the railroads linked all major towns in Bri
  • Coal Mining

    Coal Mining
    VideoCoal mining really began to reach its peak during the Industrial Revolution. It began to become very much in need as it became very sparse throughout the Revolution. Workers sometimes would have to settle for the bair minimum and sette for charcoal as a source of cheap and usable fuel. Although it was first being discovered and practiced, people faced many dangers when doing so, and even though they knew this, people were very desperate to find coal.
  • Second Industrial Revolution

    Second Industrial Revolution
    This revolution began after 1860. It sparked up all new kinds of inventions. Electricity was invented by Thomas Edison in this time. After the invention of electricity electrical lightning became a huge deal all across the United States. In this revolution it made businesses grow larger and the telephone became an important tool. Until the beginning of World War 1 only a small number of advanced countries had the understanding of mass production.