Industrial Revolution

  • Coal was first discovered

    Coal was first discovered by escaping European convict William Bryant at the mouth of the Hunter River in Australia
  • Second Discovery of coal

    The next discovery was found on the south coast of NSW by William Clarke.
  • First coalmine in Australia

    First coalmine established near the mouth of the Hunter River.
  • Permanent settlement set near coal mine

    Governor King set up a permanent settlement named Newcastle near the coal mine.
  • First steam engine arrived.

    First steam engine was shipped to the NSW colony arrived. This steam engine was installed at John Dicksons flour mill.
  • Period: to

    Sydney made headway in textile industry.

    Simeon Lord opened a mill in Sydney. He later made an agreement with Governor Macquarie to mill, dye and dress cloth from the Female Factory, located at Parramatta.
  • Period: to

    More Steam engines were introduced.

  • Period: to

    Greater need for Iron and Steel

    Imports for a total of five years was 5500 tonnes and at the end of 1840 was 7500 tonnes.
  • Six steam engines installed by this time.

    SIx steam engines were installed, including one at Australian Agricultural's Coalmine.
  • First paddle steamer arrived in Aus waters.

    The Sophia Jane was the first paddle steamer to arrive in Australia. It was created in England.
  • The steamer Surprise made its first voyage.

    The steamer Surprise made its first voyage from Sydney to Parramatta.
  • Textile Factory establishe at Blacwattle Bay, Sydney.

    It made the finest as well as the coarsest clothes.
  • Period: to

    NSW woollen mills achievement.

    In 1838 there were seven wool mills in Sydney. By 1841 most people were dressed in tweeds made at Parramatta. The output of woollen cloth reach 235 000 yards per annum in 1852.
  • More steam engines installed.

    By this time 26 steam engines were installed in flourmills and 10 in other industries.
  • Peter Russell took over the Sydney foundry and Engineer works.

  • First attempt at establing iron and steel smelting.

    This was done near Mittagong, NSW.
  • FIrst railway construction in NSW.

    Sydney railway company began construction on the railway in NSW.
  • Gold Rush occurred

    The gold rush occurred in NSW and Victoria. Thhis brought wealth and increase in population.
  • Technological and city advancement

    Sydney and Melbourne became growing cities and technology was invented and used products like the electric telegraph. This occurred because of the gold rush.
  • Steamships were running services.

    Steamships were fully running services between ports including Sydney, Newcastle, Melbourne, Moreton Bay, Adelaide and Tasmania.
  • First railway line opened in Victoria.

  • Period: to

    Steam engines began to be used.

    In Ballarat there were 13 in 1855, 135 in 1858 and 342 in 1861.
  • Railway line in NSW opened.

    The line in Nsw opened after 6 years of construction.
  • First cast-iron factory was opened.

    Scott Clow and Prebble opened this factory in Melbourne.
  • First line carrying steam powered trains opened.

    It operated at the mouth of the between Port Adelaide and Adelaide.
  • Rolling mill established.

    Enoch Hughes established the mill in Melbourne.
  • Ballarat industry.

    By this time Ballarat had ten foundries , 8 for mining equipment, and 2 for producing and repairing farming equipment.
  • First cloth woven.

    First cloth ever woven was made in Victoria by the Victoria Woollen and Cloth Manufacturing company.
  • Tasmania Railway Line.

    The line opened in the northern towns of Launceston and Deloraine. It ran for 72 km.
  • Textile Industry expanded

    Numbers in these factories with employment numbering 1000 by 1877.
  • First railway to open in WA.

    A private timber railway opened in the south of Perth.
  • Another attempt made at plant.

    This created the Victoria Iron Company.
  • Waverly Woollen mill established at Disterilly Creek.

    This mill was near Launceston. They won the prize of 1000 pounds from the Tasmanian colonial government the for the first woollen good manafactured in the colony from locally produced wool.
  • Victoria Iron Company changed.

    The Victoria Iron Company became the Lal Lal Iron Mining Company. ltd.
  • First railway line in QLD opened.

    It ran from the Darling Downs before connecting with Brisbane.
  • Period: to

    Small blast furnace built.

    This operated into 1880 but was not an economic preposition.
  • Smelting plant closed.

    This was closed because it was not economical.
  • First government railway opened.

    This opened between Geraldton and Northhampton.
  • Infrastructure for the development of an industrial society was put in place.

  • First major mining and steel production company.

    This company was created at Broken Hill and was named the Broken Hill Propietary Company
  • NT railway line operational.

    A railway between Darwin and Pine Creek opened. It was 253 km long.
  • Period: to

    Severe recession occurred.

  • Period: to

    Textile factories expanded more.

    They increased to 200 employees.
  • ACT branch line opened.

    The 10 km long railway line ran between Queanbeyan and Canberra.