Industrial Revolution

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    Industrial Revolution

    The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 17th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the socioeconomic and cultural conditions of the times. It began in the United Kingdom, then subsequently spread throughout Europe, North America, and eventually the world.
  • Tull's Seed Drill

    Jethro Tull invented the seed drill in 1701. His seed drill would sow seed in uniform rows and cover up the seed in the rows. Up to that point, sowing seeds was done by hand by scattering seeds on the ground. Tull considered this method wasteful since many seeds did not take root.
  • Steam Engine invented by Newcomen

    Steam Engine invented by Newcomen
    The atmospheric engine invented by Thomas Newcomen in 1712, today referred to as a Newcomen steam engine (or simply Newcomen engine), was the first practical device to harness the power of steam to produce mechanical work.[1] Newcomen engines were used throughout Britain and Europe, principally to pump water out of mines, starting in the early 18th century. James Watt's later engine was an improved version. Although Watt is far more famous today,
  • Thermometer invented by Gabriel Farenheit

  • Flying Shuttle

    Invented by John Kay, this was an inprovement to looms and enable workers to weave faster. The original shuttle contained a bobbin on to which the yarn was wound. The flying shuttle was thrown by a leaver that could be operated by one weaver.
  • Matthew Boulton

    He was a businessman that joined James Watt in investing in Watt's steam engines. He also incuraged him to further his work and make his steam engine better.
  • Electric Capacitor invented by E.G Von Kleist

  • The spinning Jenny

    The spinning jenny machine used eight spindles onto which the thread was spun from a corresponding set of rovings. By turning a single wheel, the operator could now spin eight threads at once.
  • Capitalism

    Adam Smith believed in Ideas that we know today as capitalism. He believed in a free economy or free markets and he explained his ideas in his book, The Wealth of Nations. He felt that the government should not interfere in the economy.
  • Utilitarianism

    Utilitarianism was introduced by Jeremy Bentham. He believed that people should judge their ideas, institutions, and actions based on their utility or usefulness. He believed that the government should promote the greatest good for the greatest number of people.
  • Telegraph

    A French engineer Claude Chappe and his brother Ignace invented an optical telegraph system that relayed messages from hilltop to hilltop using telescopes. The Chappes built a series of two-arm towers between cities. Each tower was equipped with telescopes pointing in either direction and a cross at its top whose extended arms could each assume seven easily-seen angular positions.
  • Cotton Gin

    Eli Whitney was the inventor of the cotton gin Prior to his invention, farming cotton required hundreds of man-hours to separate the cottonseed from the raw cotton fibers. Prior to the cotton Gin, the prossess of picking out seeds was done by hand. His machine could generate up to fifty pounds of cleaned cotton daily, making cotton production profitable for the southern states.
  • Preserving jar invented by Francois Appert

  • Smallpox Vaccination invented by Edward Jenner

  • Fourdrinier Machine invented by Louis Robert

  • Battery invented by Alessandro Volta

  • The Steam Engine

    Richard Trevithick believed that he could create a locomotive operating at high pressure, that could pull 10 tons on his 10 miles long good course. Trevithick made a bet then he built the first locomotive in the world and won the bet.
  • Socialism

    Charles Fourier thought that a new society needed to be formed to offset the effects of industrialization. He believed that the factors of production are owned by the public and they operate for the welfare of all.
  • Francis Cabot Lowell

    Francis Cabot Lowell was very influential in the Industrialization of American society. He mechanized every part of the cloth making process. This mechanization would spread and a new economic nation would form.