Indigenous Communities from 1914 to 1929

Timeline created by Eva 19
In History
  • First Nations woman contributions 1914

    First Nations woman contributions 1914
    The First Nation women stood up when the men left and did as much as they could to help. Their patriotic organization was called Six Nations Women's Patriotic League (SNWPL). The women in the SNWPL would produce handmade items to send to the men in the war for example, knitted socks, sweaters,mufflers and bandages.
  • Indigenous enlisted

    Indigenous enlisted
    There was no official policy on recruiting the first nations but were discouraged from doing so but because of the war things changed and people became more accepting of the first nations being recruited. However, some were turned away and not allowed to enlist. 1915 the government relaxed the restrictions and issued guidelines so the First Nations could be recruited.
  • Francis Pegahmagabow medals

    Francis Pegahmagabow medals
    Francis pegahmagabow was a first nations soldier who fought in WW1 and many other wars. Francis was promoted to lance corporal in 1915 after serving in Ypres. At this time Francis got a reputation as the deadly sniper and had about 387 kills, his fellow soldiers remember Francis having strong spiritual beliefs which they thought was the reason why he was able to cross over to no mans land and wait for german soldiers with so much courage and no fear. He won many medals for his amazing bravery
  • Alexandre jr and Charles Smith 1916

    Alexandre jr and Charles Smith 1916
    These two indigenous brothers had enlisted in the war in 1914 but it wasn’t until 1916 where the oldest, Alexandre jr, was awarded his Military Cross which then led to many more great achievements for both the brothers. Charles wasn’t given his Military Cross until 1918. Both had many years of experience in the militia which had them quickly move up to captain both of them. They both were brave and courageous soldiers.
  • Military Service Act 1917

    Military Service Act 1917
    This act made it mandatory that military forces had the British citizens of age to serve and this included the First Nations who lived there however, they had a treaty which exempt them from foreign wars but the British and Canadians forced them to recruit and basically looked over the fact the treaty existed.
  • Homefront 1917

    Homefront 1917
    Once all the First nations men left for the war. Many first nation communities held fundraisers, donated clothes, food and other goods, they also purchased victory bonds. Several communities had their own red cross and patriotic leagues to raise money by the end of the war they raised almost $45,00 dollars to war funds. The news started to take a liking into the first nations and started to use them in propagandas to get people to either sign up or buy funds. for example this propaganda.
  • The league of Indians 1919

    The league of Indians 1919
    The league of indians was formed in 1919 to not only give the indigenous a voice/opinion but to also advocate for better living conditions, protect and practice their religion, also work towards better healthcare, education programs, better financial aid, and the league wanted to gain control over their reserve areas. The league of Indians was harassed by the government, disunifying indiginous groups and police surveillance.
  • Voting rights to indigenous 1920s

    Voting rights to indigenous 1920s
    Indigenous veterans finally got rights to vote in 1920s but only if they gave up their first nations states. Even though more than 7,000 indigenous people fought in the first war they still didn’t have rights or recognition for what they contributed to. The native soldiers where also denied veterans benefits when they returned even though many won medals for good deeds.
  • Residential schools 1922

    Residential schools 1922
    The Story of a National Crime was put out by Dr. P.H. Bryce who is the chief medical officer in Canada's department of the Canada department with focused on the interior and Indian affairs. he argued that residential schools and Indian hospitals ignore the health protocol that is in the and that is in violation of treaty pleasures.
  • Indian Church 1929

    Indian Church 1929
    The indian church was made in 1929 by Emily carr while she was travelling. This is considered Emily carr’s most important painting having the dark forest engulfing the little white church. By making the church windowless and with no features symbols the structure to be both inhabitable and monolithic. the trees boughs over the church and then sweep up forcefully at the bottom showing how unlikely the to religions are together.