In the court case Worcester v. Georgia, the U.S. Supreme Court held in 1832 that the Cherokee Indians
Samuel Worcester, a missionary, defied Georgia through peaceful means to protest the state's handling of Cherokee lands. He was arrested several times as a result. With a team of lawyers, Worcester filed a lawsuit against the state that went all the way to the Supreme Court, where he finally won his case. Samuel Worcester constituted a nation holding distinct sovereign powers.