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Important Legislation for Special Education

  • National Mental Health Act

    National Mental Health Act
    National Institute for Mental HealthCongress establishes the National Institute for Mental Health (NIMH)
  • Public Law 88-164

    Public Law 88-164, or the Community Mental Health Act, was established by President John F. Kennedy to allocate funding for establishing community mental health centers. It also ensured that all children with disabilities have access to free public education.
  • Public Law 99-142

    (Date is not exact; could not find exact date.) Education for All Handicapped Children Act took effect in 1977 and was designed to assure that public education is available to all children with disabilities with learning programs that emphasize special education and related services that are specialized according to their needs. (Each student recieving special education must have an Individualized Education Program, or IEP.)
  • Public Law 99-457

    PL 99-457, or the Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments was established by President Reagan to allocate federal funds for the states to develop plans and programs for children with disabilities from the time they are born, as well as for their families, maintaining that early intervention is an important step in their education. It was changed to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) in 2004.
  • Javits Act (PL 100-297)

    (Date is not exact; could not be found.) The Javits Act, or the Jacob K. Javits Gifted and Talented Students Education Act of 1988, initiated by NY Senator Jacob Javits, provided small sum of money to support demonstration programs and research regarding the special needs of gifted students, including students with disabilities, or who come from economically disadvantaged circumstances or different cultures.
  • Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

    The Americans with Disabilities Act, or ADA, was established by President George H. W. Bush in 1990. It extends civil rights to persons with disabilities and prohibits discrimination based on disability. It was amended in the ADA Amendments Act of 2008.
  • No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB)

    No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB)
    No Child Left Behind ActThe NCLB Act was established to hold schools and educators responsible for students' learning with the purpose of bringing all students to a maximum level of competency. Student progress is monitored through standardized testing, and schools must meet Adequate Yearly Progress standards or will face remedial action.
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004

    IDEAThe Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 became effective July 1, 2005 and includes major changes to PL 99-142 which included quality ceritification and competency for teachers, set standards for IEPs and ensured that schools must provide transition services for students with disabilities.
  • Americans with Disabilities Amendments Act of 2008

    The ADAAA came into effect on January 1, 2009, and included important changes to the ADA legislation that extended the rights of individuals with disabilities.