History of the Refrigerator

  • First known artificial refrigerator

    was demonstrated by William Cullen at the University of Glasgow – he didn’t use this discovery for any practical purposes.
  • Oliver Evans designed the refrigeration machine

  • Jacob Perkins built the first refrigeration machine to be used for house hold purposes using a vapor compression cycle

  • An American physician John Gorrie built a refrigerator based on Evan’s design

  • Refrigerators were a common appliance in most households.

    People were using them in order to keep food for longer as well as cooling drinks.
  • The household refrigerator was an essential piece of kitchen furniture

  • 5,000 mechanical refrigerators were manufactured in the U.S.

  • 5,000 turned into 1 million manufactured

  • Nearly six million refrigerators were manufactured

  • More than 80% of American farms and 90% of urban homes had a refrigerator