History of special Education in America

  • First special education school

    First special education school
    In 1817 the first special education school was founded, in the United Sates by Gallaudet in Hartford Connecticut. Originally it was named the American Asylum for the Deaf and dumb. Now it is known as the American School for the Deaf.
  • Brown vs Board of Education

    Brown vs Board of Education
    In 1954, the Supreme Court of the United States, unanimously ruled that it was unconstitutional to separate kids by race in public schools that being the separation of black and white children, and that separate was not equal.
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    Elementary and Secondary Education Act
    The ESEA gave grants or federal funding to state school,it supported disadvantaged children, those of low-income families,homeless,neglected and those of limited resources. This act aimed to increase quality of education and the resources available to schools. Later on this bill was reauthorized in 2001and became a law; the No Child Left Behind act(NCLB).
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Act

    Vocational Rehabilitation Act
    A federal civil rights law that was passed,which supported and aimed to provide individuals with disabilities, equal opportunities, and treatment. It prohibited exclusion and discrimination against students and individuals with disabilities; it prohibited ,denying them benefits, federal funding programs,and certain services.
  • Education for All Handicapped Children Act

    Education for All Handicapped Children Act
    This law also known as the Mainstreeaming law was passed by president Gerald Ford. This law required states to provide free and appropriate public education for children with disabilities, also required individualized education programs(IEP).
  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

    Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
    This act was signed into a law by president George W. Bush in 1990. This act stated that that disabled individuals should receive equal treatment and opportunities,and prohibited discrimination against people with disabilities in the private sector, such as public services,accommodations,transportation,etc.
  • IDEA

    In 1997 the IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act was revised and additional amendments were passed.this law ensured that all students with disabilities received proper treatment and the adequate services.Made sure to include (IEPS), incorporated meditation services for parents and educators.Additionally required schools to assume greater responsibility and teach students with disabilities the general curriculum.
  • No Child Left Behind

    No Child Left Behind
    The No child left behind Act which was previously called ESEA or Elementary and Secondary Education, has been reauthorized more than 7 times.This act ensures that all students including disadvantaged students received quality education, the act also increased funding for public schools, and began using assessments or test to measure the learning of material by student's