History of Special Education and Inclusive Education Timetoast Timeline

  • Special Ed School First

    Special Ed School First
    This school was the first that accepted children with disabilities. The name of the school was American Asylum for the Education and Instruction of Dead and Dumb (renamed as the American School for the Deaf) which is located in Hartford Ct. The meaning of the word "dumb" at the time was "unable to speak". This school had a variety of subjects like math, geography, and the Bible.
  • ESEA (Public Law 89-10)

    ESEA (Public Law 89-10)
    President Lyndon B. Johnson signed this act so that equal and quality education was able to be accessed by everyone. A part of the act included a grant program that had the states improve programs for any students with disabilities. Also, federal funds are used to help special education programs, allow parents to be involved, and different materials to help students in the classroom.
  • PARC v. Common (Penn)

    PARC v. Common (Penn)
    Pennsylvania had a law that excluded children who had mental retardation access to education. PARC decided to sue the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania saying that these laws were unconstitutional to their children's right to education. In the end, the laws were adjusted accordingly so that the children would be able to get their education fairly. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QtFmp3XduaQ
  • VRA (Public Law 93-112)

    VRA (Public Law 93-112)
    The act describes to everyone what a handicapped person is. Also, it accurately explains to us what appropriate education is. Written in the act, it prohibits anyone from discriminating against a child or a person with a disability in federally funded programs. https://www.nad.org/resources/civil-rights-laws/rehabilitation-act-of-1973/
  • Educational Amendments

    Educational Amendments
    The act provided federal funding for state programs with students that are talented. Also, it allowed parents to give writhe consent for any evaluations, records, and any other details the school needs for the student. Federal funds are also used in programming for students that are exceptional learners
  • ADA (Public Law 101-336)

    ADA (Public Law 101-336)
    This prohibits discrimination against anyone that has a disability in a private setting. It allows equal opportunities with employment and different public services. People who have AIDS are now included under the term disability.
  • IDEA (Public Law 105-17)

    IDEA (Public Law 105-17)
    It allows students to continue to receive any services they need for their disability, even if they are not in school. Special educations staff members who are in a mainstream classroom to help a general education student. The states must have a mediation option so that parents and teachers can discuss and resolve any issues they have.
  • Cedar Rapids v. Garret

    Cedar Rapids v. Garret
    Garret F was in a severe motorcycle accident and therefore he needed a personal nurse to take care of him while he was in school. After the 4th grade, his family asked that the board of where he was attending school provide the nurse under IDEA but the board refused. After a few trials and attempts the Supreme Court ruled that school boards must provide nurses to any student who requires them during their day.