HISTORY OF SCULPTURES

  • Period: 10,000 BCE to 4000 BCE

    Mesolithic Sculpture

    Mesolithic art witnessed more independent bas-reliefs and sculptures, such as the anthropomorphic statuettes unearthed at Nevali Cori and Gobekli Tepe, near Urfa, in eastern Turkey, and the statues of Lepenski Vir in Serbia. He also witnessed the creation of the Shigir Idol (7,500 BC), the oldest wooden carving in the world, found near Sverdlovsk in Russia.
  • 4000 BCE

    ORIGIN

    ORIGIN
    The first known sculptural pieces come from Egypt, China, India and the Middle East, places where around 4000 BC. There were already kilns to make clay objects, around this time the smelting of metals was discovered.
  • Period: 4000 BCE to 2000 BCE

    Neolithic sculpture

    Neolithic art is noted above all for its ceramics, but it also featured bronze sculptures and statuettes, particularly from the Indus Valley Civilization, North Caucasus, and pre-Columbian art in the Americas. The most spectacular form of Neolithic art was Egyptian pyramid architecture, the burial chambers of which led to an increased demand for various types of reliefs, as well as portable statues and statuettes.
  • Period: 2000 BCE to 1100 BCE

    Eastern Mediterranean Sculpture

    Following the flourishing of architecture and other arts in Egypt, the Levant also witnessed the rise of Minoan culture on the island of Crete, which was noted for its sculpture and goldwork. After an unknown catastrophe (probably an earthquake) around 1500 BC, the Minoan civilization collapsed, and Crete was conquered by the Mycenaeans from the Greek mainland, who were defeated and the city of Mycenae destroyed around 1100 BC.
  • Period: 1700 BCE to 1150 BCE

    Far Eastern Sculpture

    Chinese art during the Shang dynasty (1600-1050 BC) developed along quite different lines than western varieties. For the finest bronze sculpture produced in China during this period. Famous examples of Indian and Southeast Asian sculpture include the extraordinary reliefs at the 11th century (1017-29) Kandariya Mahadeva Hindu Temple in Madhya Pradesh, India; and the 12th century (1115-45) Angkor Wat Khmer temple in Cambodia.
  • Period: 1100 BCE to 100 BCE

    Sculpture of classical antiquity

    Due to the cultural stagnation of the Greek "Dark Ages" (1100-900 BC) and the dominance of ceramics during the Geometric Period (900-700 BC), Greek sculpture did not really appear until the Daedalic or Eastern Period around 650 BC. From then on it developed according to the traditional chronology of Greek art during classical antiquity, as follows: Archaic period (650-500 BC); Classic period (500-323 BC); and Hellenistic Period (323-100 BC).
  • Period: 600 BCE to 500 BCE

    Archaic greek sculpture

    The archaic period was a time of slow but continuous experimentation; the most prized form of archaic Greek sculpture was the kuros (plural kuroi), or the standing male nude.
  • Period: 500 BCE to 323 BCE

    Classical greek sculpture

    Divided into the Early Classic Period, the Upper Classic Period, and the Late Classic Period, this was the climax of Greek creativity. In the plastic arts, famous sculptors such as Polykleitos (5th century BC), Myron (480-444 BC) and Phidias (488-431 BC) achieved a level of realism, further developed by later artists such as Callimachus (432-408 BC), Skopas (395-350 BC), Lysippus (395-305 BC), Praxiteles (375-335 BC) and Leochares (340-320 BC).
  • Period: 400 BCE to 100 BCE

    Celtic metal sculpture

    Let's not forget the Celts, a series of nomadic tribes that emerged from the Caucasus around 800 BC, gradually spreading westward across Europe (600-100 BC) to the Iberian Peninsula, Great Britain, and Ireland. Although highly mobile, and masters of blacksmithing and goldsmithing, they were too disorganized to compete with the highly disciplined and centralized State of Rome.
  • Period: 323 BCE to 27 BCE

    Hellenistic Greek Sculpture

    During this period (characterized by the spread of Greek culture throughout the civilized world), classical realism was replaced by greater heroism and expressionism. Famous works of Hellenistic Greek sculpture include: Galata Dying by Epigonus; the winged victory of Samothrace; Laocoon and the Sons of him by Hagesandrus, Polydorus, and Athenodorus (42-20 BC), and the Venus de Milo.
  • Period: 200 BCE to 200

    Roman sculpture

    Until around the year 27 BC. C., despite the influence of the first Etruscan sculptors, known for their "joie de vivre", Roman sculpture was not one-dimensional or realistic. thereafter he became severely heroic and quite mediocre. It was designed primarily to express the majesty and power of the Roman rule, thus apart from a number of magnificent historical reliefs
  • 2 BCE

    Prehistoric sculpture

    Prehistoric sculpture
    Sculpture begins in the Stone Age. Exactly not known. The earliest prehistoric sculptures are the two early stone effigies known as La Venus de Berejat Ram and La Venus de Tan-Tan. The Venus of Berejat Ram (dating from around 230,000 BC) is a basaltic statuette made during the Acheulian Period, which was discovered on the Golan Heights. The Venus of Tan-Tan (200,000 BC approx.) Is a quartzite statuette from the same period.