HISTORY OF RECORDED MUSIC

Timeline created by s.yetimyan@iesjuangris.com
In Music
  • THE PHONAUTOGRAPH

    THE PHONAUTOGRAPH
    Invented by Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville. It was capable of record sound patterns on paper so it could be read but not heard.
  • THE PHONOGRAPH

    THE PHONOGRAPH
    It was invented by Edison, and it was the fist device capable of play recorded music ( but unable to record sounds) in Blue Amberol cylinders. They were soon replaced by discs.
  • THE MICROPHONE

    THE MICROPHONE
    Although the microphone was invented more or less by Sir Charles Wheatstone in 1927, it was just device to amplify weak sounds. Actually, in 1977, Emile Berliner invented the microphone that wil be used in Graham Bell´ telephone.
  • THE GRAMOPHONE AND THE FLAT DISCS

    THE GRAMOPHONE AND THE FLAT DISCS
    The phonograph was excellent, but it was not possible to make copies in mass production, so musicians must perform the same song multiple times to get multiple recorded examples. Playback was also very slow. For these reasons, Emile Berliner invented the gramophone, so he did not use a cylinder but a flat disk. Also, you only had to record once to get lots of copies
  • THE JUKEBOX

    THE JUKEBOX
    Louis Glass modified Edison machine with a coin slot and installed inside an oak cabinet. It could only play one wax cylinder at a time, which had to be changed by hand.Users had to listen to the music through one of four listening tubes.
    After a lot of years, it evolved to the classic jukebox that we know which were like from the 50's style, and they were in all the American restaurants.
  • THE LOUDSPEAKER

    THE LOUDSPEAKER
    It was not a device for playing music because at the time there was no way to amplify an electrical signal. As a result, its speaker had nothing to offer about the acoustic gramophones of the time. Before all this happened, Graham Bell created the first one for his telephone.
  • THE RECORD COMPANIES

    THE RECORD COMPANIES
    The three major record companies were created ( EDISON RECORDS, VICTOR AND COLUMBIA RECORD). The three together sold about 4 million records a year. Around 1920, there will be about 150 new record companies.
  • Victor Talking Machine Company

    Victor Talking Machine Company
    Emile Berliner and Eldridge Johnson founded this vinyl record company and dominated the music industry of the day. These discs were capable of playing three and four minutes respectively, representing an advance compared to cylinders that only played two minutes.
  • OPTICAL RECORDING

    OPTICAL RECORDING
    It is a system of recording sound on film through a photographic process. It became the standard motion picture audio system.
  • THE RECORD PLAYER

    THE RECORD PLAYER
    They came up with the idea of playing the discs electrically and not mechanically. And with it came many advantages such as volume control. Later more sophisticated turntables appeared, in which when the disc was finished it was able to return the arm and begin to sound again
  • MAGNETIC TAPE

    MAGNETIC TAPE
    The magnetic tape is made of a thin, magnetizable layer on a long narrow strip of plastic film. It was developed in Germany. It allowed the radio to be recorded for later broadcast or to be repeated.
  • THE CAR RADIO

    THE CAR RADIO
    It was created by Motorola, and it was invented by Bill Lear, Howard Gates, Paul Galvin.
  • THE FIRST ( FM) RADIO STATION

    THE FIRST ( FM) RADIO STATION
    Set in Alpine, New jersey.
  • V - DISCS

    V - DISCS
    It was a seal that provided records especially for soldiers. In 1944, they were replaced by vinyls.
  • LP

    LP
    Columbia Records releases the first LP: a vinyl record that can record a maximum of about 20-25 minutes of sound per side. (A total of 10-12 songs).
  • COMPACT CASSETE

    COMPACT CASSETE
    It was first introduced to fill a need in the then available audio recording media options. The invention of the cassette tape allowed people to make recordings without having the level of training or expertise required for reel-to-reel. They store sound on a magnetic tape wound around the two reels inside of it. After the 80s, the market for cassettes dropped because of the CDs.
  • CD

    CD
    Although its main use was directed to the computer world, in 1981, the conductor of the orchestra Herbert von Karajan promoted it during the Salzburg Festival. The first titles recorded in compact discotheques were different pieces of classical music, and the album "The Visitors" by ABBA.
  • THE FIST AFFORDABLE SAMPLER - EMU

    THE FIST AFFORDABLE SAMPLER - EMU
    An electronic musical instrument such as a synthesizer that uses sound recordings that are recorded on it to be played on the keyboard and compose music. At this time they were very expensive, so this company was the first to offer them at a lower price for everyone.
  • MP3 ( FORMAT)

    MP3 ( FORMAT)
    This format was developed in Germany to transmit compressed digital audio without loss of quality.
  • PRO TOOLS

    PRO TOOLS
    It is a digital audio workstation, recording platform, editing and mixing multitrack audio and midi, that is, it is used for recording, editing and mixing in professional studios and post-production.
  • MP3 DEVICE

    MP3 DEVICE
    Although the first models were released in the early 1990s, the Fraunhofer model in 1997 was the successful one.
  • AUTOTUNE - ANTARES

    AUTOTUNE - ANTARES
    It is an audio processor created by Antares Audio Technologies that is used to correct imperfections when recording.
  • SPOTIFY

    SPOTIFY
    It´s a streaming service that provides music and podcasts from record labels and media companies. This platform revolutionized the world, since the CDs that had so much influence have lost millions of sales because of them.