history of recorded audio

Timeline created by lucia34
In Music
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    Phonautograph

    The first device that could record actual sounds as they passed through the air was the  Phonautograph , patented in 1857
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    Phonograph or gramophone

    The phonograph, also called a gramophone or record player, is a device introduced in 1877 for the mechanical recording and reproduction. Originally recorded sound onto a wax-coated cylinder. This cylinder evolved to the Disc phonograph, that were easy to manufacturate. vinyl was introduced, and discs replaced cylinders completely. First commercial use: a Toy: total failure because of the creepy audio.
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    Electrical recording: the microphone

    Between the invention of the phonograph in 1877 and the advent of digital media, the most important event in the history of sound recording was the introduction of the microphone, used to convert the sound into an electrical signal that was later amplified to be heard.
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    Magnetic tape

    An important field of invention during this period was magnetic tape and the tape recorder. The original solid steel ribbon was replaced by a much more practical coated paper tape .
    By the early 1950s, most commercial recordings were mastered on tape instead of recorded directly to disc. Due to the fact that tapes were recordable, music was widely copied: it was the first burst of Piracy.
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    Digital recording

    The advent of digital sound recording and later the compact disc in 1982 brought significant improvements in the durability of consumer recordings. The CD initiated another massive wave of change in the consumer music industry, with vinyl records effectively relegated to a small niche market by the mid-1990s. However, the record industry fiercely resisted the introduction of digital systems, fearing massive piracy on a medium able to produce perfect copies of original released recordings.
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    C-D Compact Disc

    Compact disc is a digital optical disc data storage format.
    Disc , , Photo CD... Audio CDs and audio CD players have been commercially available since October 1982.
    - Recording wasn’t allowed initially, but the newest format were capable of recording music.
    - The quality of compact disc is higher than vinyl or cassette tape, and it doesn’t lose fidelity in time.
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    MP3

    MPEG-1 or MPEG-2 Audio Layer III, more commonly referred to as MP3, is an audio coding format for digital audio which uses a form of lossy data compression. After MP3, other audio codecs have been developed: AC3, Ogg Vorbis, WMA..., but MP3 remained as standard of digital audio compression for the transfer and playback of music on most digital audio players.
    - Initially, MP3 was created to occupy less space and improve the transfer speed in the Internet.