History of Opera

By Swicket
  • Period: to

    Baroque era

    The era immediately following the Renaissance
  • Euridice (Peri)

    Euridice (Peri)
    Jacopo Peri's Euridice is the earliest surviving opera
  • Giulio Cesare (Handel)

    Giulio Cesare (Handel)
    Giulio Cesare is important because it is a child of the Italian opera tradition by a German composer.
  • The Beggar's Opera (Gay)

    The Beggar's Opera (Gay)
    John Gay's "anti-opera" can be considered a far precursor to modern musicals.
  • Period: to

    Classical era

    Second era of the "common practice period".
  • Period: to

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

    Composer of important operas such as Cosi fan tutti, Le nozze de Figaro, and Don Giovanni
  • Orfeo ed Euridice (Gluck)

    Orfeo ed Euridice (Gluck)
    Christoph Willibald Gluck's opera is considered the first "reform" opera, breaking from the traditions of the Baroque era.
  • Period: to

    Gioachino Rossini

    Prolific operatic composer of the classical era. Il barbieri de Siviglia, Guillaume Tell
  • Period: to

    Richard Wagner

    The most important German operatic composer, his works were so grandiose that he had to build his own opera house to stage them. Famous for the Ring Cycle.
  • Period: to

    Giuseppe Verdi

    Important Romantic operatic composer of Rigoletto, La traviata, and Aida.
  • Period: to

    Romantic era

    The third era of the "common practice period."
  • Der Freischutz (von Weber)

    Der Freischutz (von Weber)
    Carl Maria von Weber's opera is considered a landmark and hallmark of the Romantic era.
  • Orphee aux enfers

    Orphee aux enfers
    The first French operetta, Jacques Offenbach's work is famous for the can-can dance.
  • Period: to

    Giacomo Puccini

    "The most important composer of Italian opera after Verdi," he is famous for La boheme, Turandot, and Madama Butterfly.
  • Prince Igor (Borodin)

    Prince Igor (Borodin)
    Aleksandr Borodin's opera is probably the most well-known of all Russian operas.
  • Period: to

    20th Century

    The twentieth century is its own era in music history!
  • Wozzeck (Berg)

    Wozzeck (Berg)
    One of the most well-known atonal operas, Berg used an unfinished play as his story.
  • Porgy and Bess (Gershwin)

    Porgy and Bess (Gershwin)
    Gershwin's opera is notable for being jazz-influenced and for featuring an all-African American cast.
  • Candide (Bernstein)

    Candide (Bernstein)
    Bernstein's Candide, based on Voltaire's novel, is a staple of modernist opera.
  • Jesus Christ Superstar (Lloyd Webber)

    Jesus Christ Superstar (Lloyd Webber)
    Andrew Lloyd Webber's controversial work is considered the first rock opera.
  • Einstein on the Beach (Glass)

    Einstein on the Beach (Glass)
    Philip Glass's opera is the first in a minimalist style.
  • Nixon in China (Adams)

    Nixon in China (Adams)
    John Adams's opera marked a return to tonalism and political themes.
  • Rent (Larson)

    Rent (Larson)
    Jonathan Larson's rock opera is based on Puccini's La boheme, but replaces the fear of tuberculosis with that of AIDS.