History of Music Timeline

  • Period: 500 to 1400

    Medieval Period

  • 1030

    Guido of Arezzo's Micrologus

    A treatise for music during the Medieval period detailing a four-line staff system and methods for teaching sight singing.
  • 1098

    Hildegard of Bingen (Birth)

  • 1179

    Hildegard of Bingen (Death)

  • 1323

    Ars Nova Treatise

    A treatise written by French composer Philippe de Vitry that detailed an early method of notating rhythm.
  • Period: 1450 to

    The Renaissance

  • 1485

    Josquin des Prez: Ave Maria...virgo serena

  • 1529

    Martin Luther Chorale: Ein feste burg

  • 1538

    Jacques Arcadelt Madrigal: Il bianco e dolce cigno

  • 1567

    Palestrina: Pope Marcellus Mass

    A six-voice mass composed by Palestrina said to be developed to demonstrate that text could still be understood clearly with multiple voices and to avoid condemnation by the Council of Trent. Palestrina's style exemplified by the mass is considered a guideline for what sacred polyphonic music should be.
  • Tomas Luis de Victoria: Missa O magnum mysterium

  • Giovanni Gabrieli: Sonata pian'e forte

    A work written for an ensemble of instrumentalists at the Church of St. Mark in Venice. The work is representative of early instrumental music being written to be performed and enjoyed by itself without accompanying dance or text, as well as the instrumentalists themselves being the center of performances.
  • Period: to

    Baroque Period

  • Monteverdi: L'Orfeo

    L'Orfeo was an early Baroque opera by Monteverdi which portrays the story of Orpheus and uses text painting and dissonance to represent the characters' emotions.
  • Public Concerts in England

  • Johann Sebastian Bach (Birth)

  • Antonio Vivaldi: L'Estro Armonico

    One of his collections of concertos published in Amsterdam. The music Vivaldi presented in his concertos was exemplary of stylistic changes of the time.
  • JS Bach's The Well-Tempered Clavier Vol. 1

    A book containing short compositions written in each key intended for keyboardists to develop technique.
  • Jean-Philippe Rameau's Traite de l'harmonie

    A treatise written by French composer Jean-Philippe Rameau that became the basis for teaching harmony to those interested in how to apply it in compositional techniques.
  • Franz Joseph Haydn (Birth)

  • Handel: Messiah

  • Johann Sebastian Bach (Death)

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Birth)

  • Period: to

    Viennese Classical Period

  • Period: to

    Le Chevalier de Saint-Georges as music director of Concert des Amateurs

    Le Chevalier de Saint-Georges was the director of a group of the best musicians in the area and often composed works to be performed with the group during his tenure.
  • Mozart: Don Giovanni

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (Death)

  • Haydn: Symphony No. 94 "Surprise" London Premiere

  • Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony No. 5 in C minor (Premiere)

  • Franz Joseph Haydn (Death)

  • Franz Schubert: Erlkonig

  • Niccolo Paganini: 24 Caprices for Violin, op.1 (First Publication)

  • Hector Berlioz: Symphonie fantastique

  • Period: to

    Frederic Chopin: Mazurkas Op. 7

  • Fanny Mendelssohn-Hensel: Das Jahr

  • Louis Moreau Gottschalk: Souvenir de Porto Rico