History of music and technology

Timeline created by josh.sumers
In Music
  • - The New York and Mississippi Valley Printing Telegraph Company acquires several competing companies and changes its name to Western Union

    - The New York and Mississippi Valley Printing Telegraph Company acquires several            competing companies and changes its name to Western Union
  • Western Union completes the first transcontinental telegraph line

    Western Union completes the first transcontinental telegraph line
  • Christopher Latham Sholes of Danville, PA and his colleagues, Carlos Glidden and Samuel Soulé developed the first practical typewriter

    Christopher Latham Sholes of Danville, PA and his colleagues, Carlos Glidden and           Samuel Soulé developed the first practical typewriter
  • Alexander Graham Bell issued a patent for the Telephone

    Alexander Graham Bell issued a patent for the Telephone
  • Edison invents the cylinder "phonograph" used to record and playback sound

    Edison invents the cylinder "phonograph" used to record and playback sound
  • - Emile Berliner invents the flat record player ("gramophone") using acoustic horn and licenses technology to record companies

    - Emile Berliner invents the flat record player ("gramophone") using acoustic horn            and licenses technology to record companies
  • Louis Glass invents the modern jukebox

    Louis Glass invents the modern jukebox
  • The first "million-seller" song hit (sold via sheet music) was "After The Ball" by Charles K. Harris

  • The Lumiere Brothers use (piano) music with a motion picture program (of short subjects) for the first time

    The Lumiere Brothers use (piano) music with a motion picture program (of            short subjects) for the first time
  • Shellac gramophone disks developed by Emile Berliner

    Shellac gramophone disks developed by Emile Berliner
  • Eldredge Johnson perfects first system of mass duplication of pre-recorded flat disks

    Eldredge Johnson perfects first system of mass duplication of pre-recorded flat disks
  • "The Electric Theater" in Los Angeles is opened by Thomas L. Tally: the first Nickelodeon, a multimedia movie palace, that spawned imitators nationwide;

     "The Electric Theater" in Los Angeles is opened by Thomas L. Tally: the           first Nickelodeon, a multimedia movie palace, that spawned imitators nationwide;
  • RCA Victor's "Victrola" model record player is introduced.

    RCA Victor's "Victrola" model record player is introduced.
  • Lee de Forest is granted a patent on January 15 for the first triode (three-element) vacuum tube which he calls the "Audion

    Lee de Forest is granted a patent on January 15 for the first triode (three-element)           vacuum tube which he calls the "Audion
  • Disk recordings overtake cylinders in the popular market

     Disk recordings overtake cylinders in the popular market
  • Edison Co. finally introduces a disk player

    Edison Co. finally introduces a disk player
  • Western Union introduces the first consumer charge card

    Western Union introduces the first consumer charge card
  • AT&T engineer C. G. Hensley got the idea for the loudspeaker when he thought about what would happen if he made a telephone receiver really big.

    AT&T engineer C. G. Hensley got the idea for the loudspeaker when he thought about           what would happen if he made a telephone receiver really big.
  • - The Orig. Dixieland Jass Band (ODJB) makes the first "Jazz" recording.

  • The first automatic "record changer" turntable is patented for a stack of 78's

    The first automatic "record changer" turntable is patented for a stack of 78's
  • - Electrical records replace acoustic discs

    - Electrical records replace acoustic discs
  • Vitaphone introduces a sound system to synchronize music and sound effects with a motion picture

    Vitaphone introduces a sound system to synchronize music and sound effects with a            motion picture
  • Scotsman John Logie Baird invents mechanical television which he calls a "Televisor", a postcard-sized black and pink image

    Scotsman John Logie Baird invents mechanical television which he calls a "Televisor",           a postcard-sized black and pink image
  • - Bell Laboratories develops a 33 1/3 rpm disk system to synchronize a music track for the Warner Brothers film "Don Juan"

    - Bell Laboratories develops a 33 1/3 rpm disk system to synchronize a music track for            the Warner Brothers film "Don Juan"
  • CBS - the "Columbia Broadcasting System" begins radio broadcasting

    CBS - the "Columbia Broadcasting System" begins radio broadcasting
  • a young comedian named Milton Berle is the first person to be seen on television

    a young comedian named Milton Berle is the first person to be            seen on television
  • Billboard magazine publishes its first music chart of performed songs.

    Billboard magazine publishes its first music chart of performed songs.
  • Scotsman John Logie Baird demonstrates his system of mechanical television, transmitting its signal from England to the United States

    Scotsman John Logie Baird demonstrates his system of mechanical television,            transmitting its signal from England to the United States
  • RCA convinces phonograph labels including its own Victor label as well as Columbia and other manufacturers to standardize on 78.26 rpm as the speed of all phonograph records

    RCA convinces phonograph labels including its own Victor label as well as Columbia            and other manufacturers to standardize on 78.26 rpm as the speed of all phonograph            records
  • The Edison Co. ceases the manufacturing of sound recordings

    The Edison Co. ceases the manufacturing of sound recordings
  • The Duke Ellington recording of "It Don't Mean a Thing If It Ain't Got That Swing" starts the "swing music" dance craze.

  • RCA laboratories work on a 33 1/3 rpm record system, but the system fails because the material does not stand up to repeated plays

    RCA laboratories work on a 33 1/3 rpm record system, but the system fails because the            material does not stand up to repeated plays
  • Vladimir Zworykin applies for a patent on a TV camera vacuum tube he calls the "Iconoscope

    Vladimir Zworykin applies for a patent on a TV camera vacuum tube he calls the "Iconoscope
  • An experimental "binaural" phonograph system is created by Bell laboratories. The two channels of sound were on separate grooves of a 78rpm vinyl record, requiring

    An experimental "binaural" phonograph system is created by Bell laboratories.            The two channels of sound were on separate grooves of a 78rpm vinyl record, requiring
  • Richard M. Hollingshead opened the first Drive-In Movie Theater in Camden, NJ

    Richard M. Hollingshead opened the first Drive-In Movie Theater in Camden, NJ
  • Western Union introduces the first "singing telegram" service

    Western Union introduces the first "singing telegram" service
  • Harry Lubke, a former associate of Philo Farnsworth, builds an electronic television transmitter

    Harry Lubke, a former associate of Philo Farnsworth, builds an electronic television transmitter
  • AEG/Telefunken exhibits the first magnetic tape recorder in Germany

    AEG/Telefunken exhibits the first magnetic tape recorder in Germany
  • The first "3-strip Technicolor" feature-length motion picture -- "Becky Sharp" is made by simultaneously exposing three black & white camera negatives through colored filters

    The first "3-strip Technicolor" feature-length motion picture -- "Becky Sharp" is made            by simultaneously exposing three black & white camera negatives through colored filters
  • National radio hit advertising jingle "Pepsi-Cola Hits The Spot" is written by Eric Siday and Ginger Johnson, adapted from the tune of an 18th-century English hunting song titled "John Peel". Johnson-Siday would write early

  • - The first cable TV systems appear

    - The first cable TV systems appear
  • The Audio Engineering Society (The AES) is formed

    The Audio Engineering Society (The AES) is formed
  • Zenith introduces the "Lazy Boy" -- the first television remote control (it had a cable.)

     Zenith introduces the "Lazy Boy" -- the first television remote control (it had a cable.)
  • The NBC-TV series "Hank McCune Hall" used laugh tracks from other shows on its soundtrack since it was filmed without a studio audience

    The NBC-TV series "Hank McCune Hall" used laugh tracks from other shows on            its soundtrack since it was filmed without a studio audience
  • CBS television broadcast the first color TV program to five

    CBS television broadcast the first color TV program to five
  • The first ID jingle company to "sing-over" pre-recorded backgrounds - PAMS, Inc. is formed in Dallas, Texas

  • The first episode of "I Love Lucy" aired on Monday, October 15th on the CBS Television Network

    The first episode of "I Love Lucy" aired on Monday, October 15th on the CBS           Television Network
  • Coast-to-coast network TV is a reality via telephone company coaxial cables.

     Coast-to-coast network TV is a reality via telephone company coaxial cables.
  • The first pre-recorded reel-to-reel tape (at 7 1/2 ips) is offered for sale.

    The first pre-recorded reel-to-reel tape (at 7 1/2 ips) is offered for sale.
  • rca first colored tv is created

    rca first colored tv is created
  • The First "transistor radio" went on sale in the U.S. named The Regency TR-1

    The First "transistor radio" went on sale in the U.S. named The Regency TR-1
  • Swanson employee Gerry Thomas invents the frozen "T. V. Dinner" to get rid of extra turkey.

    Swanson employee Gerry Thomas invents the frozen "T. V. Dinner" to get rid of extra            turkey.
  • Larger 12" LP's overtake 10" LP's as the preferred size for long-playing records

    Larger 12" LP's overtake 10" LP's as the preferred size for long-playing records
  • Ampex Co. of Redwood City, CA demonstrates the first videotape system

    Ampex Co. of Redwood City, CA demonstrates the first videotape system
  • Compatible Stereo disks and record players are offered for sale

    Compatible Stereo disks and record players are offered for sale
  • Sony introduces the first "solid-state" TV set, using transistors instead of vacuum tubes

    Sony introduces the first "solid-state" TV set, using transistors instead of vacuum tubes
  • Multitrack analog tape recording starts being used in recording studios

    Multitrack analog tape recording starts being used in recording studios
  • Compact stereo tape cassettes and players are developed by Phillips.

    Compact stereo tape cassettes and players are developed by Phillips.
  • 1964 - The 8-track stereo tape cartridge is developed for automobile use by Lear

    1964 - The 8-track stereo tape cartridge is developed for automobile use by Lear
  • 1966 - The "Dolby-A" professional noise reduction system is used in some recording studios

    1966 - The "Dolby-A" professional noise reduction system is used in some recording studios
  • 1968 - The "Dolby-B" noise reduction system is introduced for consumer reel-to-reel and cassette tape recorders.

    1968 - The "Dolby-B" noise reduction system is introduced for consumer reel-to-reel and             cassette tape recorders.
  • 1969 - The first Microprocessor (computer on a chip) is introduced by Intel

    1969 - The first Microprocessor (computer on a chip) is introduced by Intel
  • 1971 - Gloria Gaynor records "Never Can Say Goodbye" -- the first disco record on US radio

  • 1972 - Atari of Santa Clara, CA develops "Pong" -- the first electronic computer arcade game.

    1972 - Atari of Santa Clara, CA develops "Pong" -- the first electronic computer arcade game.
  • 1974 - The first all solid-state video cameras are introduced using Bell Labs "CCD" (charge-coupled device) instead of an Image Orthicon or Plumbicon camera tube

    1974 - The first all solid-state video cameras are introduced using Bell Labs "CCD"           (charge-coupled device) instead of an Image Orthicon or Plumbicon camera tube
  • The Sugarhill Gang's "Rapper's Delight", is the first hip-hop record to reach Top 40 radio

  • The MTV Music TV Cable Network debuts on the air at Midnight

    The MTV Music TV Cable Network debuts on the air at Midnight
  • The first IBM-brand "PC" (for "Personal Computer") is released

    The first IBM-brand "PC" (for "Personal Computer") is released
  • The digital Compact Disc (CD) is introduced by a Japanese conglomerate.

    The digital Compact Disc (CD) is introduced by a Japanese conglomerate.
  • 1982 - The first CD released (in Japan) is Billy Joel's "52nd Street"

    1982 - The first CD released (in Japan) is Billy Joel's "52nd Street"
  • NBC broadcasts the first television programs with stereo sound

    NBC broadcasts the first television programs with stereo sound
  • The Apple Macintosh personal computer debuts with a Graphical User Interface advertised as "the computer for the rest of us

    The  Apple Macintosh personal computer debuts with a Graphical User Interface            advertised as "the computer for the rest of us
  • CEDAR Audio Ltd. of Cambridge, England develops a Noise Reduction system to fix clicks, pops and crackle from old records re-mastered for release on CD's

    CEDAR Audio Ltd. of Cambridge, England develops a Noise Reduction system to fix          clicks, pops and crackle from old records re-mastered for release on CD's
  • Phillips introduces a digital audio tape recorder (DAT) using a digital casette

    Phillips introduces a digital audio tape recorder (DAT) using a digital casette
  • soundcan developeds barcode tracking system for music

    soundcan developeds barcode tracking system for music
  • The Moving Picture Experts Group MPEG-1 Audio Layer III (MP3) compressed audio file format becomes an international standard, and eventually the most popular format for distributing digital audio over the Internet.

    The Moving Picture Experts Group MPEG-1 Audio Layer III (MP3) compressed audio            file format becomes an international standard, and eventually the most popular format            for distributing digital audio over the Internet.
  • Personal computers outsell TV sets for the first time in the United States

    Personal computers outsell TV sets for the first time in the United States
  • The online auction community eBay starts out as "AuctionWeb.com", programmed by General Magic engineer Pierre Omidyar who started it as a hobby project

    The online auction community eBay starts out as "AuctionWeb.com", programmed           by General Magic engineer Pierre Omidyar who started it as a hobby project
  • The DVD (Digital Versatile Disc) increases capacity of digital storage of audio and video on a CD (Compact Disc) medium; can store on to 4.7 GigaBytes per side; double-sided disks are possible though rare...

    The DVD (Digital Versatile Disc) increases capacity of digital storage of audio and video            on a CD (Compact Disc) medium; can store on to 4.7 GigaBytes per side; double-sided            disks are possible though rare...
  • First regular transmissions of HDTV (High-Definition Television) begin in major cities

     First regular transmissions of HDTV (High-Definition Television) begin in major cities
  • Internet music-swapping site "Napster" is created, and alarms the recording industry which mounts a massive campaign to shut it down

    Internet music-swapping site "Napster" is created, and alarms the recording industry            which mounts a massive campaign to shut it down
  • Consumer DVD recorders were introduced at the Comdex Consumer Electronics show in Las Vegas priced at $1000

    Consumer DVD recorders were introduced at the Comdex Consumer Electronics            show in Las Vegas priced at $1000
  • Digital electronic books (E-Books) become a small part of the publishing industry, and several competing companies attempt to introduce the standards for them

    Digital electronic books (E-Books) become a small part of the publishing industry, and            several competing companies attempt to introduce the standards for them
  • DVD video disk players outsell VHS video cassette recorder/players for the first time.

     DVD video disk players outsell VHS video cassette recorder/players for the first time.
  • The TV screen gets more junked up by "crawls" -- banners at the bottom of the screen, and other distracting divisions of the screen in imitation of computer desktops.

    The TV screen gets more junked up by "crawls" -- banners at the bottom of the screen,            and other distracting divisions of the screen in imitation of computer desktops.
  • Reminiscent of VHS/Betamax, an alternate standard for consumer DVD writable disks is introduced to thwart piracy called DVD+RW

    Reminiscent of VHS/Betamax, an alternate standard for consumer DVD writable disks           is introduced to thwart piracy called DVD+RW
  • Apple Computer introduces the iPod portable music player for playing mp3 files, and it is a big hit, helping re-establish Apple's innovative reputation and improve their bottom line.

    Apple Computer introduces the iPod portable music player for playing            mp3 files, and it is a big hit, helping re-establish Apple's innovative reputation and            improve their bottom line.
  • Apple Computer introduces a downloadable music service via its iTunes music application, which proved that people would pay 99-cents-per-tune to download music legally in the wake of peer-to-peer free

    Apple Computer introduces a downloadable music service via its iTunes music application,           which proved that people would pay 99-cents-per-tune to download music legally in the           wake of peer-to-peer free
  • Retailers Wal-Mart, Target, Best Buy and Circuit City announce they will stop selling VHS Video Cassette tapes

    Retailers Wal-Mart, Target, Best Buy and Circuit City announce they will stop selling           VHS Video Cassette tapes
  • Apple Computer's online music store integrated into its iTunes software and iPod hardware, sold it's one-billionth song on this date

    Apple Computer's online music store integrated into its iTunes software             and iPod hardware, sold it's one-billionth song on this date