Reign of Australopithecines (4,000,000-1,000,000 B.C.E.)
Australopithecines were the first human-like creatures to walk upright. They lived from 4 million to 2 million B.C.E.
Period: Jan 1, 1560 to
Paleolithic Age (2,500,000-8,000 B.C.E.)
The Paleolithic Age, also known as The Old Stone Age, was a period of time in which the glaciers moved down and back at least 18 times. We know this as the Ice Age. In this age, Art came about. Hominids painted on cave walls, made sculptures, and even used mammoth tusks to make beads.
Homo Habilis Appears
Reign of Homo Habilis (2,500,000-1,500,000 B.C.E.)
Homo habilis came about in East Africa at around 2.5 million years ago. Homo habilis may have used tools made of lava rock to break open bones.
Reign of Homo Erectus (1,600,000-30,000 B.C.E.)
Homo erectus, which appeared before Homo habilis vanished, was smarter than Homo habilis. Homo erectus is considered the first hominid to use fire, and their fossils have been found in India, China, Southeast Asian, and Europe.
Homo Erectus Appears
Reign of Neanderthals (200,000-30,000 B.C.E.)
Neanderthals arrived at around 200,000 B.C.E., and although they look similar, DNA studies show that they are not ancestors of Homo sapien. Neanderthals had religion, and were the first hominids to have ritual burials for others of their species.
Reign of Cro Magnon (40,000,000-8,000 B.C.E.)
Cro-Magnon came about on Earth about 40,000 years ago. Skeletal remains show that they were identical to modern humans. Cro-Magnons planned hunts, so it is thought that their advanced hunting skills caused them to be competition with Neanderthals, causing the Neanderthals to go extinct.
Neolithic Age (8.000-3,000 B.C.E.)
The Neolithic Age, or New Stone Age, is famous because it is the period of time in which man discovered agriculture. This led to settlement instead of roaming around as nomads, which is one of the most important things to happen in mankind. People also grew animals and made items such as pottery.
Woman supposedly spread seeds on the ground, then came back later to discover growth of plants. This eventually led to agriculture.
Jarmo, the oldest agricultural city on Earth, is built. It was located in Northern Iraq by the Zagros mountains, and its people raised crops and domesticated goats, pigs, sheep and horses.
The village of Catal Huyuk is at its peak. It covered 32 acres of land and had a population of around 5,000. With crops now plentiful due to well watered soil, the people of Catal Huyuk turned to making jewelry out of volcanic rock.
Egyptians live in farming villages, each of which has different religious beliefs.
People start settling in Mesopotamia.
Sumer, one of the first civilizations, is established in Mesopotamia, or modern day Iraq.
Sumerians started using pottery wheels to make jugs, plates and bowls.
Two kingdoms control the villages of Egypt, Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt.
The period of time in which the Egyptian civilization became unified, instead of teo seperate kingdoms, Lower and Upper.
Sumerians form a language and start using scribes to keep track of tax collection, laws, and grain storage. This language was known as cuneiform.
Sumerians turn to bronze for creating tools. This is the start of the Bronze Age.
Ur becomes a thriving civilization, with a barder system and social classes.
Bronze Age (3,000-600 B.C.E.)
The Bronze Age marks the period of time in which people turned to bronze for tools instead of stone and copper.
Time period in which the Old Kingdom of Egypt occurred.
Indus River Valley civilization appears. Not much is known about it's origins or its end.
The city states of Sumer are invaded from the and conquered by Sargon and his army.
One of the earliest maps found to date is written.
Pharaohs loose lose power, marking the end of the Old Kingdom.
Pharaohs gain control again in Egypt, marking the beginning of the Middle Kingdom.
Amorites invade Mesopotamia and claim Babylon as their capital.
Settlements along the Huang He River in China grew into cities.
Rise and fall of the Shang dynasty. The Shang family was the first in China with written records.
This period of time, the reign of Hammurabi, is when Babylonia was at its peak. Hammurabi had a set code of 282 rules and consequences that everyone in his empire had to follow.
Hyksos, or "the rulers of foreign lands", invade Egypt from Palestine and take control, ending the Middle Kingdom. They rule Egypt from around 1630-1523 B.C.E.
Aryans from the Hindu Kush mountain range invade and conquer the Indus Valley civilization.
Rise and fall of the Zhou Dynasty. The Zhou monarch was assassaniated in 771 B.C.E., but the Dynasty lived on through his royal family.
Quarry workers in Neander Valley Germany came across the fossilized bones of a Neanderthal.
Leonardo Woolley starts uncovering the ancient city of Ur in Southern Iraq.
Robert Braidwood unearths the city of Jarmo in northeastern Iraq.
In central Turkey, archaeologists find Catal Huyuk, an 8,000 year old village.
Louis Leaky discovers stone tools in Tazmania that date back to 2 million B.C.E.
Donald Johanson discovers "Lucy", the skeleton of a 3.5 million year old hominid, one of the oldest hominids discovered to date.
Mary Leakey finds 3.6 million years old footprints in Laetoli, Tanzania.
Team of researchers discovered a bone flute created by Neanderthals that dated back to around 40,000-80,000 B.C.E.
Scientists discover the skull of a possibly 6 million year old hominid in Chad.