History of Cuba

  • Oct 28, 1492

    Discovery of Cuba

    Discovery of Cuba
    Christopher Columbus' landing on the island during his first voyage of discovery on 28 October 1492. Arrived at Baracoa eastern point of Cuba.
  • Feb 17, 1509

    Spanish Settlements (Hispanolia)

    Spanish Settlements (Hispanolia)
    The Spanish began to create permanent settlements on the island of Hispaniola, east of Cuba, soon after Columbus' arrival in the Caribbean. Hispanolia is Dominican Republic and Haiti.
  • Jul 4, 1509

    Sebastian de Ocampo Mapped Cuba

    Sebastian de Ocampo Mapped Cuba
    The coast of Cuba was not fully mapped until 1509, when Sebastián de Ocampo completed this task.
  • Mar 30, 1511

    Diego Velazquez de Cuéllar

    Diego Velazquez de Cuéllar
    In 1511, Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar set out from Hispaniola to form the first Spanish settlement in Cuba, the settlement was at Baracoa,
  • Period: Sep 15, 1513 to Mar 28, 1550

    Killings of Indians

    98% of all natives in Cuba were killed, until the new laws in 1552.
  • Dec 10, 1513

    Ferdinand II of Aragón Encomienda

    Ferdinand II of Aragón Encomienda
    In 1513, Ferdinand II of Aragon issued a decree establishing the encomienda, encomienda was a rule that stated that native Cuban Americans had to become slaves. This was created because of a native chieftain, that was against of the Spanish, he was killed with many other indians he was the first rebel in the Americas. Some of the natives thought like the chieftain, and were killed, others ran to the mountains. But only few became slaves. At the end of 1550 the encomienda was stopped, 98% killed.
  • Sep 5, 1514

    Havana Created

    Havana Created
    In 1514, a settlement in Cuba was founded in what was to become Havana.
  • Apr 14, 1552

    Spanish New Laws

    Spanish New Laws
    In 1552 indians were freed from the encomieda, and seven indian towns were created
  • First Anti-Slavery Treaty

    First Anti-Slavery Treaty
    The first anti-slavery treaty for black, this removed the slave tradein Cuba, which was that slaves were sold and bought. But it did not remove it
  • Second Spanish Anti-Slavery Treaty

    Second Spanish Anti-Slavery Treaty
    Removed it England but not in Cuba, slavery was removed until the end of the 19th century.
  • Ladder Conspiracy

    Ladder Conspiracy
    Black slaves were put in a ladder and hit with a wip until death if they were accused of something. Unless they told the truth they stopped hitting them.
  • Jose Miguel Gomez

    Jose Miguel Gomez
    Cuban General in Cuban fight for Independence, who went on to become president
  • Carlos Manuel Cepedes

    Carlos Manuel Cepedes
    Cuban planter who freed his slaves and made the declaration of Cuban independence in 1868 which started the Ten Years' War
  • Ten Years' War

    Ten Years' War
  • Cry of Yara

    Cry of Yara
  • Fidel Castro President

    Fidel Castro President
  • Pact of Zanjón

    Pact of Zanjón
  • José Martí

    José Martí
    Was a Cuban national hero and an important figure in Latin American literature. In his short life he was a poet, an essayist, a journalist, a revolutionary philosopher, a translator, a professor, a publisher, and a political theorist.
  • Little War

    Little War
  • Defeat

  • All Slavery Abollished

    All Slavery Abollished
  • Proclamation of Montecristi

    Proclamation of Montecristi
  • War of Independence

    War of Independence
  • USS Maine Incident

  • Spanish-American War

    Spanish-American War
  • Sovereignity from Spain to US

    Sovereignity from Spain to US
  • Day of the Republic

    Day of the Republic
  • José Ignacio Rivero

    José Ignacio Rivero
    He was an exile and journalist. Received honors for his dedication and journalistic works
  • Fulgencio Batista President

    Fulgencio Batista President
  • American Mafia

    American Mafia
  • Fidel Castro

    Fidel Castro
  • Battle of Santa Clara

    Battle of Santa Clara
  • 1952 Coup

    1952 Coup
  • Batista Surrenders

    Batista Surrenders
  • Cuban Revolution

    Cuban Revolution
  • Assassination Attempts Castro

    Assassination Attempts Castro
  • Fidel Castro Prime Minister

    Fidel Castro Prime Minister
  • Batista fled to Dominican Republic

    Batista fled to Dominican Republic
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion

    Bay of Pigs Invasion
  • Manuel Artime

    Manuel Artime
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Pedro Luis Boitel

    Pedro Luis Boitel
    Was a Cuban poet and dissident who opposed the governments of both Fulgencio Batista and Fidel Castro. In 1961, the regime sentenced him to 10 years in prison.
    Boitel died during a hunger strike in prison in 1972 while serving a sentence handed down by the communist regime.
  • Enrique Cirules

    Enrique Cirules
  • Che Guevara

    Che Guevara
    In 1956 Guevara, Castro and eighty other men and women arrived in Cuba in an attempt to overthrow the government of General Fulgencio Batista. This group became known as the July 26 Movement. (HELPED CASTRO OVERTHROW BATISTA)
  • Raul Castro

    Raul Castro
    Was a rebel commander. In 2006 he did a exchange of powers due to Fidel Castro's illnes and in 2008 he became official president.
  • Raúl Castro Presidency

    Raúl Castro Presidency