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The Timeline of Cuban History

  • 1898- The War of Independence

    1898- The War of Independence
    The War of Independence was a key part in Cuban history. This war has a huge impact on Cuba.. The war occurred because the Cuban people wanted to abolish slavery. This war extended for 2 years, 11 months, 3 weeks and 1 day. After the war, Cuba was in ruins. The body count after the war ended was over 400,000 people.
  • 1925- Socialist Party leaded to Cuban Communist

    1925- Socialist Party leaded to Cuban Communist
    Originally called the Communist Part of Cuba, it was formed in the 1925 by a group including Blas Roca, Aníbal Escalante, Fabio Grobart, Alfonso Bernal del Riesgo and Julio Antonio Mella, who acted as its leader until his assassination in Mexico in 1929. A communist party is a political party that advocates the application of the social and economic principles of communism through state policy.
  • 1933- Gerardo Machado Overthrown

    1933- Gerardo Machado Overthrown
    In 1933, Fulgenico Batista led an uprising called the Revolt of the Sergeants, as part of the coup that overthrew the government of Gerardo Machado. Machado was succeeded by Carlos Manuel de Céspedes y Quesada, who lacked a political coalition that could sustain him and was soon replaced. Batista was then the first person to appoint themselves to higher authority figure. He appointed himself as chief of the armed forces.
  • 1934- Communist Parties

    1934- Communist Parties
    In 1934, Batista described himself as a “progressive socialist,” and in 1934, long before Castro, it was Batista who first legalized the Communist Party in Cuba and put communists in his cabinet. Batista had a lot of authority at the time so it didn't take much when he appointed himself chief of armed forces.
  • 1934- U.S. Intervenes Cuba

    1934- U.S. Intervenes Cuba
    U.S. relinquishes right to intervene in internal affairs of Cuba. The Good Neighbor policy was the foreign policy of the administration of United States President Franklin Roosevelt towards Latin America. Although the policy was implemented by the Roosevelt administration, 19th-century politician Henry Clay paved the way for it and coined the term "Good Neighbor".
  • 1940- Presidency

    1940- Presidency
    Batista was elected president in 1940. Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar was the elected President of Cuba from 1940 to 1944, and dictator from 1952 to 1959, before being overthrown as a result of the Cuban Revolution. In his term, Cuba entered World War Two on the side of the Allies. Although he presided over a relatively stable time and the economy was good, he was defeated in the 1944 elections by Dr. Ramón Grau.
  • 1944- New President of Cuba

    1944- New President of Cuba
    Fulgencio Batista retires and Ramon Grau San Martin becomes president of Cuba. Dr. Ramón Grau San Martín was a Cuban physician and was the leader of Cuba right before Fidel Castro. In 1944 Grau won the popular vote in the presidential election, defeating Carlos Saladrigas Zayas, Batista's handpicked successor, and served until 1948. Despite his initial popularity in 1933, accusations of corruption tainted his administration's image, and a sizable number of Cubans began to distrust him.
  • 1944- Power

    Ramon Grau during his presidency was very disliked in when doing his term. He voluntarily gave up power in the year of 1944. He was not able to handle the countries behaviors towards him.
  • 1950s- Money $

    1950s- Money $
    In the 1950's, Cuba was financially standard comparing to other neighboring islands or Latin American countries. While Cuban currency and wages remained comparatively stable throughout the 1950s, consumption of foreign imports, particularly North American products, increased dramatically from $515 million in 1950 to $777 million in 1958. Cubans paid North American prices at a time when the purchasing power of the US dollar was declining and the US consumer price index was rising.
  • 1950s- Segregation

    1950s- Segregation
    Cuba was racially segregated between blacks and whites. Whites, at that time, basically had more freedoms and rights then blacks did. The segregation period was the same period when the U.S.A had the segregation era. It was just a little less broadcasted in Cuba then it was in America.
  • 1950s Corruption

    In the 50's before Castro, there was political corruption. When Fidel was in military command he carried out a series of battles and lost most of them. To strike their first blow against the Batista government, Fidel and Raúl Castro gathered 123 Movement fighters and planned a multi-pronged attack on military installations. On 26 July 1953, the rebels unsuccessfully attacked the Moncada Barracks in Santiago and the barracks in Bayamo. Nobody knows the exact number of people killed.
  • 1952- The return of Batista

    In 1952, Fulgencio Batista came to power once more. He resigned from his duties in 1944 due to the Cuban peoples behavior towards him. At this time in history, Fidel is in military command. Fidel is the enemy of Batista and he carried out a series of attacks to show who was more powerful.
  • 1953- Revolution

    In 1953, Fidel Castro lead an unsuccessful revolution. Is attack was against the Batista government. Little did he know he was running into the worst defeat he has ever faced. He lost hundreds of people including his second person in command or his wing man.
  • 1958-US withdraws

    In 1958, USA withdraws military aid to Batista due to his action in his own country. The US thought it would be best to stay out of the controversy in Cuba.
  • 1960- Murder Attempts

    When Fidel Castro was well known, he was swarmed by the amount people who hated him. Many murder attempts were taking place to obviously kill Castro. People were afraid that he wouldn't do the country any good while he was high up in power. The Church Committee stated that it substantiated eight attempts by the CIA to assassinate Fidel Castro in 1960-1965.
  • 1962- Missiles

    In 1962, the US discovers Cuba's missiles I'm there country and as of that time Cuba is a threat to the United States.
  • 1962- Blockade

    After discovering that there were missiles in the island of Cuba, the US created a blockade to stop all exports from leaving and all imports from entering. We wanted to do this because we didn't want the missiles to enter the wrong hands.
  • 1962- Strategy

    This blockade was to prevent Soviets from importing missiles into Cuba. The Soviets are a huge part of this conflict and at the time we have to do everything we can to not let the missiles get the Soviets hands.
  • 1962- Communist Party

    In 1962, the communist party skyrocketed, this means theta the acceptance rate was way to loose.
  • 1963- Tension

    The tension between the Soviet Union and Cuba reduce dramatically. This happened because the US made the blockade to stop weapon flow in and out of the country of Cuba.
  • 1972- Friendlies

    The Cubans become a member of the Soviet based council for mural economic assistance. This means that the Cubans and the Soviet Union are friendlies as of now. The US is acting as the parent force of the controversy, we try to handle and control the disputes between the two.
  • 1976- Presidency

    In 1976, the one and the only Fidel Castro was elected President of Cuba. This was huge because we all knew that Fidel had a very strategic and manipulative mind and we knew that he was capable of many things.
  • 1988-Withdraw troops

    In 1988, Cuba withdraws there troops from Angola and follows an agreement with South Africa. Cuba wanted to be allies with South Africa because they were rebuilding from the Cuban missile crisis. Nobody looked at Cuba as an ally but South Africa thought Cuba had rebuild some time.
  • 1994- Leaving Illegally

    Within 1959 and 1994 over a million people of Cuba have left illegally just to live somewhere else.
  • 2006- Fidel's surgery

    In 2006, Fidel Castro undergoes surgery, he is uncertain if it will go well so he gives power to his younger brother Raul.