Cuba's Top 20 Most Important Events

  • Jan 1, 1492

    Discovered by Christopher Columbus

    Discovered by Christopher Columbus
    The Island of Cuba was discovered on October 28, 1492 after the disembarked of La Pinta, La Nina, and La Santa Maria. Between the date and November 5, the ships moved for the coast of Orient of Cuba, and on November 2, Chrisopher Columbus, designed two of his finest men to go deep into in the Cuban terriotory.
  • Mar 15, 1513

    1513 to 1727: Slave History in Cuba

    1513 to 1727: Slave History in Cuba
    The first record of slavery in Cuba. Landowner Amador de Lares gets permission to bring four African slaves from Hispaniola. 1520 - The first large group of slaves (300) arrive in Cuba to work in a gold mine named Jaugua.1533 - The first recorded Negro slave uprising in Cuba takes place at the Jobabo mines. Four slaves battle a large military force until their death. Their heads are brought back to Bayamo to quiet the alarmed colonizers. Finally, in 1727 the slaves take a stand and revolt.
  • 10 Years War

    10 Years War
    Cuba decided to fight Spain for independence, it became the 10 years war. It was caused in Cuba by high taxation, trade restrictions, and exclusions of native Cubans from governmental posts. It continued until 1868, when Carlos Manuel de Céspedes and other patriots raised the standard of revolt.The capital was burned later in the year, and the republican government was forced to change its seat frequently. The warfare was purely guerrilla fighting without major battles. On April 20, 1869, the re
  • Slavery Abolished

    Slavery Abolished
    After the 10 Years war, any slaves who fought in the war were set free, but those who did not fight had to stay slaves. For 8 years, slaves had to follow patronato which was when they had to keep working for their master and not get paid. However, on October 7th 1886, slavery was finally abolished. Unfortunately after slavery being abolished, racial segregation had started.
  • 1908: Gomez Restores Cuba

    1908: Gomez Restores Cuba
    Jose Miguel Gomez was declared president by using a self government he restored in Cuba. The Cuban citizens were glad now the Spain was out of control and Cuba was back.
  • 1925: Gerardo Machado and Movales as President

    1925: Gerardo Machado and Movales as President
    The constitution government was maintained with Machado staying in power. During their ruling, the constitution was suspended and the Cubans got more control over their economy. Which was graeat for citizens because, they got more power or choose in their government. That was good because they can recooperatae from the 1929 economic crisis.
  • 1931: Emergency Tax Law

    1931: Emergency Tax Law
    To avoid a decline in revenue the government and issues an Emergency Tax Law. This creates a series of new taxes and increases sevral old ones. Congress authorizes the suspension of constitutional guarantees.The Supreme Court rejects all the arguments presented against the Emergency Tax Law issued on January 29.
  • 1941: Cuba vs. Italy and Japan and Germany

    1941: Cuba vs. Italy and Japan and Germany
    The sergeant Batista tok Cuba to the World War and declared war against Germany, Italy, and Japan aswell. Making it the first Latin American countrie to enter the conflict. In the end Cuba won and got the repution as the most efficient and cooperative of all the Carribbean nations.
  • "History Will Absolve Me."

    "History Will Absolve Me."
    Fidel Castro had made a 4 hour speech in his own defense about the charges on him for leading an attack of the Moncada Barracks. On July 26, 1953 Fidel Castro and his brother Raul led a group of approximately 135 rebels, with an additional 24 intending to take the barracks at Bayamo, in an attack on the second largest military Alberto del Rio Chaviano.
  • Gaining Followers

    Gaining Followers
    Castro's guerrillas score their first success by sacking an army outpost on the south coast, and start gaining followers in both Cuba and abroad.
  • Battle of La Plata

    Battle of La Plata
    The Battle of La Plata was part of Operation Verano, the summer offensive of 1958 launched by the Batista government during the Cuban Revolution. Batista sends an army of 10,000 into the Sierra Maestra to destroy Castro's 300 armed guerrillas. By August, the rebels had defeated the army's advance and captured a huge amount of arms.
  • Castro becomes Prime Minister

    Castro becomes Prime Minister
    Prime Minister of the Council of the State of Cuba was a position in the government of Cuba. Fidel Castro assumed the position of Prime Minister in 1959 replacing José Miró Cardona.
  • Growing Economic Antagonism

    Growing Economic Antagonism
    Castro nationalized all foreign assets in Cuba, hikes taxes on American imports, and establishes trade deals with the Soviet Union. President Dwight D. Eisenhower retaliates by slashing the import quota for Cuban sugar, freezing Cuban assets in America, imposing a near full trade embargo, and cutting off diplomatic ties with the Castro government.
  • Period: to

    Cuban Life Under Castro

    Castro supplied military and financial aid to various leftist guerilla movements in Latin America and Africa. Nonetheless, relations with many countries, with the notable exception of the United States, began to normalize. Cuba’s economy foundered when the Soviet Union collapsed in the early 1990s and the United States expanded sanctions even further.
  • Bay of Pigs

    Bay of Pigs
    President John f. Kennedy sends a brigade of CIA-sponsored Cuban exiles to Cuba in order to overthrow Fidel Castro. Cuban armed forces defeat CIA-sponsored Brigade 2506 within three days. Despite the failed invasion, covert operations against Cuba continue over the next few decades.
  • Cuban Missile Crisis

    Cuban Missile Crisis
    Cuba allows the Soviet Union to build a missile base on the island under a secret agreement. U.S. spy satellites discover the missiles and Kennedy orders a naval blockade on Cuba, igniting a thirteen-day standoff. With the threat of nuclear war on the horizon, thee United States negotiates with the USSR via back channels, and agrees not to invade Cuba and to withdraw its nuclear missiles from American bases in Turkey and Italy if the Soviet Union withdraws its nuclear missiles from Cuba.
  • Sugar Harvest

    Sugar Harvest
    In 1970 Castro announces that Cubas goal is to produce 10 million tons of sugar but misses it by 15%. This was the largest harvest in cuban history also managing 8.5 million tons of sugar. Many Cuban Civilians were called out to work the fields and to produce as much sugar as possible volunteers from all over the world came to help.
  • US Trade Embargo

    US Trade Embargo
    The embargo consisted of economics, against Cuba and restrictions on Cuban travel. Aswell as commerce for all people and companies under U.S / jurisdiction.
  • Raul Castro is elected president

    Raul Castro is elected president
    In the middle of February, Fidel Castro announced he refused to be continue his role as president and would not be re elected again. Fidel’s brother Raul, was elected president by the national assembly later that month. He was re-elected President on February 24th, 2013, shortly thereafter he announced that his second term would be his final term and that he would not seek re-election in 2018.
  • Obama Lifts Travel Restrictions

    Obama Lifts Travel Restrictions
    President Barack Obama eases restrictions on travel and remittances to Cuba, allowing Cuban-Americans to send unlimited funds to family and non-family members in Cuba and permitting travel there for religious and educational purposes.
  • United States and Cuba Restore Diplomatic Ties

     United States and Cuba Restore Diplomatic Ties
    U.S. President Barack Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro announce the restoration of full diplomatic ties following a swap of a U.S. intelligence officer who had been held in Havana for the three remaining Cuban Five prisoners. Obama says the United States plans to open an embassy in Havana. Members of the Republican-controlled U.S. Congress condemn the move and vow to uphold the economic embargo.