History of American Music Timeline By BChristianson Dec 6, 1897 Thaddeus Cahill invents the Telharmonium In 1897, Thaddeus Cahill patented the Telharmonium, which went on to become the precursor of the modern synthesizer. Dec 6, 1910 The Mighty Wurlitzer is introduced In 1910, the Mighty Wurlitzer was introduced. The Mighty Wurlitzer was an electronic organ, and replaced the Telharmonium. Dec 6, 1920 The Theremin is invented by Leon Theremin In 1920, Leon Theremin invented a revolutionary electronic instrument, which is played without physically touching it. Dec 6, 1928 Maurice Martenot invents the Ondes Martenot The Ondes Martenot was invented by Maurice Martenot, and is similar to the Theremin in terms of technology used. The Ondes Martenot is an electronic organ. Dec 6, 1929 Laurens Hammond introduces the Hammond organ The Hammond Organ uses technology similar to the Telharmonium. It is an elecronic organ. Dec 6, 1929 The Trautonium is invented Friedrich Trautwein invented the Trautonium in 1929. It is an electronic keyboard that uses a wire over a metal plate to produce noise, rather than traditional keyboard keys. Dec 6, 1941 Les Paul has his own guitar by Gibson patented In 1941, the Les Paul guitar was invented, becoming one of the best selling guitars of all time. Dec 6, 1948 Pierre Schaffer and Pierre Henry record first "musique concrete" song In 1948, "Étude aux chemins de fer" was recorded from the sounds of a train by Pierre Schaffer and Pierre Henry. This was the very first "Musique concrete" song. Dec 6, 1956 First song entirely composed by a computer 'Illiac Suite for String Quartet' was the first song ever composed entirely by a computer, and was the result of random generations of various musical elements. Dec 6, 1958 The RCA Mark II is invented Herbert Belar and Harry Olson created the RCA Mark II, which was the first programmable electronic music synthesizer. It weighed 3 tons. Dec 6, 1958 The very popular Moog Synthesizer is invented Robert Moog's synthesizer, The Moog, became the first commercially available synthesizer in 1958. This was used by many popular bands, including The Beatles. Dec 6, 1963 The Buchla Music Box is invented The Buchla Music Box, invented by Don Buchla, allowed musicians to "bend and manipulate" music all at once. Pitch, timbre, and amplitude could be changed with this synthesizer. Dec 22, 1964 The Beach Boys popularize multitracking Multitracking was heavily used in the Beach Boys' hit "I Get Around". This brought attention to the use of multitracking as a way to create thicker textures in music. Dec 10, 1972 DJ Kool Herc invents and popularizes his "break" technique. In 1972, DJ Kool Herc began using the break technique that he invented in various ways. This became popular after the development of the "Merry-go-round" technique in DJ-ing. Aug 6, 1983 MIDI Invented The MIDI was invented in 1983 after being proposed years earlier. This allowed instruments of different brands to communicate with each other.