• England defeats the Spanish Armada

    A fleet assembled and dispatched by King Phillip II of Spain in attempt to invade England
  • Colony at Roanoke Island

    A late 16th-century attempt to establish a permanent English settlement in what later became the Virginia Colony
  • Settlement at Jamestown

    English colonists settle along the west bank of the James River in Virginia
  • First Anglo-Powhatan War

    Pitted the English settlers at Jamestown against an alliance of Algonquian-speaking Virginia Indians
  • Mayflower Compact

    To establish their own authority and to aviod a possible mutiny, the Pilgrim leaders drew up and signed an aggreement
  • Establishment of the Carolinas

    Sir Robert Heath was granted a tract embracing the Carolinas, but no settlements were made under the grant
  • Establishment of the Massachusetts Bay Colony

    John Endecott to begin a plantation in Salem
  • Banishment of Roger Williams

    Guilty of spreading "newe & dangerous opinions" and banished
  • Establishment of Rhode Island

  • Pequot War

    The suffering of the Indians reached a breaking point
  • Banishment of Anne Hutchinson

    Expelled from the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Fundamental Orders

  • Second Anglo-Powhatan War

    Last effort by the Indians to dislodge the Virginian settlers
  • Maryland Act of Toleration

    Gave Protestants and Catholics the right to worship freely
  • Barbados Slave Code

    Law passed by the colonial legislature to provide a legal base for slavery
  • King Philip's War

    Wampanoag warriors raid the border settlement of Swansee, Massachusetts
  • Bacon's Rebellion

    Uprising in 1676 in the Virginia Colony in North America, led by a 29-year-old planter, Nathaniel Bacon
  • Dominion of New England

    Engraving was published in 1879, original seal was from 1686
  • First Great Awakening

    A Christian revitalization movement that swept Protestant Europe and British America
  • Establishment of Georgia

    The last original 13 colonies