Hillis-Tedder AP Art History Timeline

  • 100

    Victory Stele of Naram-Sin

    Victory Stele of Naram-Sin
    Date: 2230 BCE
    Culture: Mesopotamian/Akkadian
    This work is important because it is the first work found to depict a man as a god.
  • 100

    Venus of Willendorf

    Venus of Willendorf
    Date: 25000 BCE
    Location: Austria
    This sculpture is important because it was made from materials not originally found in the area it was unearthed, implying that it was brought from somewhere else.
  • 100

    Head of an Akkadian ruler

    Head of an Akkadian ruler
    Date: 2250 BCE
    Culture: Akkadian
    This sculpture is important because it is one of the earliest life-sized hollow metal statues.
  • 100

    Bull-headed harp with inlaid sound box

    Bull-headed harp with inlaid sound box
    Date: 2600 BCE
    Culture: Sumerian
    It's important because it depicts one of the earliest presences of personified animals.
  • 100

    Lion-Human

    Lion-Human
    Date: 3000 BCE
    Found: Germany
    This sculpture is important not only because it was sculpted from mammoth tusk, but because it is the oldest known anthromorph.
  • 100

    Water spouts in the form of a lion mask

    Water spouts in the form of a lion mask
    Date: 100 BC
    Culture: Greco-Roman
    They are important because they came from a public fountain house (nymphaeum) in an important Cypriot city.
  • 100

    Headdress with leaf–shaped ornaments

    Headdress with leaf–shaped ornaments
    Date: 2600 BC
    Culture: Sumerian
    It's important because it was buried with female royalty and made with materials not found in Mesopotamia.
  • 100

    Two Vases in the Shape of a Mother Monkey with Her Young

    Two Vases in the Shape of a Mother Monkey with Her Young
    Date: 2255 BC
    Culture: Egyptian
    These two vases are important because they were made by two seperate sculptures within a decade of each other, yet they convey the same thing.
  • 100

    Harp Player

    Harp Player
    Date: 2500 BCE
    Culture: Cycladic
    It's important because it is one of the most famous of the marble figures found in the Aegean.
  • 100

    Male Lyre Player

    Male Lyre Player
    Date: 2700 BCE
    Culture: Cycladic
    This sculpture is important because its discovery influenced modern geometric art.
  • 100

    Nude Male Torso

    Nude Male Torso
    Date: 2000 BCE
    Culture: Harappa
    This sculpture is important because it would eventually influence Indian art and it is made from red polished sandstone.
  • 100

    Bone Flutes

    Bone Flutes
    Date: 5000 BCE
    Culture: Chinese
    These flutes are important because they are made from stork bones and are said the be the world's oldest playable instruments.
  • 100

    Bottle in the form of a fish and a flask in the form of grapes

    Bottle in the form of a fish and a flask in the form of grapes
    Date: 100 AD
    Culture: Roman
    These vessels are important because making shapes out of bottles was popular for Roman mold-blown glass makers.
  • 100

    Garland bowl

    Garland bowl
    Date: 100 BCE
    Culture: Roman
    This bowl is important because it is the only example that combines multiple colors of glass and fused on decorations.
  • 100

    The 62 glyphs of the Cascajal Block

    The 62 glyphs of the Cascajal Block
    Date: 100 BCE
    Culture: Mexican (Native American)
    These glyphs are important because it is the first example of writing in the Americas.
  • 200

    Fragment of a Bowl

    Fragment of a Bowl
    Date: 200 AD
    Culture: Tunasia (Early African)
    This bowl is important because it is made out of rock crystal.
  • 244

    Moses at the Well of Be'er

    Moses at the Well of Be'er
    Date: 244 AD
    Culture: Syrian (Christian)
    This painting is important because it depicts a Biblical event other than Jesus or Jonah's lives.
  • 250

    The Lion Capital

    The Lion Capital
    Date: 250 BCE
    Culture: Indian
    This pillar is important because it contains many references to Buddhism and divinity, as well as acting as a compass because the lions point in the four cardinal directions,
  • 300

    Shaft–hole axhead with a bird–headed demon, boar, and dragon

    Shaft–hole axhead with a bird–headed demon, boar, and dragon
    Date: 300 BC
    Culture: Central Asia
    This is important because it is sculpted on the head of an axe and takes the idea of a birdman from western Iran.
  • 300

    Vase

    Vase
    Date: 300 AD
    Culture: Roman
    This vase is important because it is an early example of enameling.
  • 304

    Sobek as a Crocodile

    Sobek as a Crocodile
    Date: 304 BC
    Culture: Egyptian
    It was immaculately made, so it is assumed to be a temple offering. It also depicts the crocodile, considered to be a dangerous animal, as a water deity.
  • 350

    Column–krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)

    Column–krater (bowl for mixing wine and water)
    Date: 350 BCE
    Culture: Roman
    This krater is important because it shows a painting of a marble sculpture, which is rare.
  • 359

    Junius Bassus Sarcophagus

    Junius Bassus Sarcophagus
    Date: 359 AD
    Culture: Roman (Christian)
    The carvings on it are important because they depict Jesus, something that was not allowed until after the time of Constantine.
  • 400

    Sarcophagus with Scenes from the Lives of Saint Peter and Christ

    Sarcophagus with Scenes from the Lives of Saint Peter and Christ
    Date: 400 AD
    Culture: Roman (Medieval)
    This sarcphagus is important because it is one of the earliest images of Peter's relationship with Rome.
  • 450

    Statue of a wounded Amazon

    Statue of a wounded Amazon
    Date: 450 BCE
    Culture: Roman
    This statue is important because it is a Roman marble copy of a Greek bronze statue.
  • 500

    Pendant

    Pendant
    Date: 500 BCE
    Culture: Etruscan
    This piece is important because it is made from amber: a highly-used material in ancient Italy.
  • 500

    The Theotokos and Child, with saints and angels

    The Theotokos and Child, with saints and angels
    Date: 500 AD
    Culture: Egyptian (Christian)
    This painting is important because it utilizes Roman styles and has a sense of depth.
  • 500

    Hexagonal Bottle

    Hexagonal Bottle
    Date: 500 AD
    Culture: Syrian (Byzantine)
    This vessel is important because it was a token for Jews and Christians visiting Jerusalem.
  • 500

    Fragment of a Floor Mosaic with a Personification of Ktisis

    Fragment of a Floor Mosaic with a Personification of Ktisis
    Date: 500 AD
    Culture: Byzantine (Medieval)
    This mosaic is important because the personification of the building's dedication was popular in the Early Christian time period.
  • 510

    Three revelers

    Three revelers
    Date: 510 BCE
    Culture: Greek
    Artist: Euthymides
    This vase is important because it was created from artistic competition between two artists.
  • 530

    Peplos Kore

    Peplos Kore
    Date: 530 BCE
    Culture: Greek
    This statue is important because its paint was preserved due to being buried for two millennia.
  • 540

    Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game

    Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game
    Date: 540 BCE
    Culture: Greek
    Artist: Exekias
    This vase is important because the clokes worn by the heroes are said to be the most intricately painted of any black-figure painting,
  • 565

    The Transfiguration

    The Transfiguration
    Date: 565 AD
    Culture: Egyptian (Christian)
    This mosaic is important because the monastary in which it is found was related to two times when God was seen by prophets.
  • 570

    Aryballos

    Aryballos
    Date: 570 BC
    Culture: Greek
    This sculpture is important because it bears one of the earliest recorded signatures: that of Nearchos.
  • 570

    Paten from the Sion Treasure

    Paten from the Sion Treasure
    Date: 570 AD
    Culture: Sion (Byzantine)
    This paten is important becuase it was part of a treasure hoard and is made of gilded silver.
  • 586

    The Ascension

    The Ascension
    Date: 586 AD
    Culture: Syrian (Christian)
    This painting is important because it is the first known presence of Mary.
  • Sep 11, 600

    Kouros

    Kouros
    Date: 600 BCE
    Culture: Greek
    It is important because it's one of the earliest life-sized Greek staues that borrows from Egyptian style.
  • Sep 29, 600

    Ring

    Ring
    Date: 600 BCE
    Culture: Etruscan
    This ring is important becuase it utilizes Egyptian style in both shape and subject matter.
  • Sep 29, 600

    Chariot

    Chariot
    Date: 600 BCE
    Culture: Etruscan
    This chariot is important because of how well it was preserved, as well as using Greek style and subject.
  • Oct 22, 600

    Hohokam pottery from Casa Grande

    Hohokam pottery from Casa Grande
    Date: 600 AD
    Culture: Hohokam (Native American)
    This vase is important because it was tempered with metal and painted with iron-based pigment that turned it red.
  • Sep 22, 618

    Bodhisattva

    Bodhisattva
    Date: 618 AD
    Culture: Chinese
    This statue is important not only because it's made out of gold, but because it depicted a Chinese Buddhist who refrained from reaching nirvana in order to help others achieve it.
  • Oct 27, 650

    The Attarouthi Treasure - Silver Dove

    The Attarouthi Treasure - Silver Dove
    Date: 650 AD
    Culture: Byzantine (Medieval)
    This dove is important because it represents the Holy Spirit.
  • Sep 29, 675

    Amphora (Jar) with Lid

    Amphora (Jar) with Lid
    Date: 675 BCE
    Culture: Etruscan
    This amphora is important because it uses Athenian and Greek techniques, yet deals with Etruscan subject matter.
  • Sep 8, 700

    Egyptianizing figures on either side of a tree with a winged disk

    Egyptianizing figures on either side of a tree with a winged disk
    Date: 700 BC
    Culture: Neo-Assyrian
    This sculpture is important because it was carved in ivory, symbolizing luxury. It's also a good example of one culture taking motifs from another (Assyrians using Egyptian themes).
  • Sep 11, 740

    Geometric Krater

    Geometric Krater
    Date: 740 BCE
    Culture: Greek
    This vase is important because it was used as a grave marker rather than a vessel.
  • Oct 15, 750

    Bowl in millefiori technique

    Bowl in millefiori technique
    Date: 750 AD
    Culture: Persian (Islamic)
    This bowl is important because it is the largest intact example of mosaic glass used as a bowl.
  • Sep 22, 767

    Miniature Pagoda

    Miniature Pagoda
    Date: 767
    Culture: Japanese
    This sculpture is important because there are thousands like it, all of which store religious scrolls inside Japanese temples.
  • Sep 22, 794

    Zao Gongen

    Zao Gongen
    Date: 794 AD
    Culture: Japanese
    This statue is important because it was used in a Buddhist cult to represent exorcism.
  • Sep 29, 800

    Barrel oinochoe

    Barrel oinochoe
    Date: 800
    Culture: Possibly Etruscan
    This sculpture is important because it is unknown whether it came from Campania or Etruria, because it has artistic factors from both places on it.
  • Oct 15, 900

    Bowl

    Bowl
    Date: 900 AD
    Culture: Iranian (Islamic)
    This bowl is important becuase it utilizes caligraphy as words and as decorations.
  • Oct 22, 900

    Olmec fish vessel

    Olmec fish vessel
    Date: 900 BCE
    Culture: Olmec (Native American)
    This vessel is important because it is made from cinnabar,
  • Sep 8, 945

    Lotiform Cup

    Lotiform Cup
    Date: 945 BC
    Culture: Egyptian
    This goblet is important because it contains the Egyptian motif of lotus flowers and has a myth of rebirth engraved on the side.
  • Oct 15, 950

    Plaque with the Crucifixion and the Defeat of Hades

    Plaque with the Crucifixion and the Defeat of Hades
    Date: 950 AD
    Culture: Constantinopolian (Byzantine)
    This sculpture is important because it is carved from ivory and it is the only surviving part of a triptych.
  • Oct 28, 950

    Pyxis

    Pyxis
    Date: 950 AD
    Culture: Spanish (Romanesque)
    This pyxis is important because, unlike the Christian version, the Islamic version was used to store jewelry.
  • Oct 27, 962

    Plaque with Christ Receiving Magdeburg Cathedral from Emperor Otto I

    Plaque with Christ Receiving Magdeburg Cathedral from Emperor Otto I
    Date: 962 AD
    Culture: Ottonian (Medieval)
    This piece is important because it is one of the most famous tenth-century ivory carvings.
  • Oct 15, 1000

    Two Beads

    Two Beads
    Date: 1000 AD
    Culture: Syrian (Islamic)
    These beads are important because they mimic the patterns of another medium.
  • Oct 22, 1000

    Acoma seed pot

    Acoma seed pot
    Date: 1000 AD
    Culture: Acoma Pueblo (Native American)
    This pot is important because it was used to store seeds.
  • Oct 27, 1000

    Three Holy Women at the Holy Sepulcher

    Three Holy Women at the Holy Sepulcher
    Date: 1000 AD
    Culture: Italian (Medieval)
    This carving is important because it is made of ivory and was part of a decorative cover for a manuscript.
  • Sep 22, 1046

    Zhou Bell

    Zhou Bell
    Date: 1046 AD
    Culture: Chinese
    This bell is important because it was used for religious ceremonies and it is made from bronze.
  • Mar 24, 1100

    Row of moai on a stone platform

    Row of moai on a stone platform
    Date: 10th-12th century CE
    Culture: Oceanic
    Source: http://schools.nashua.edu/myclass/lavalleev/Art%20History%20Pictures/ch31/31-17.jpg
    I chose these because they are very recognizable. They were put there to mark a sacred place.
  • Oct 15, 1100

    Mirror

    Mirror
    Date: 1100 AD
    Culture: Iranian (Islamic)
    This mirror is important because it utilizes both Chinese and Islamic techniques.
  • Oct 28, 1115

    Plaque with the Journey to Emmaus and Noli Me Tangere

    Plaque with the Journey to Emmaus and Noli Me Tangere
    Date: 1115 AD
    Culture: Spanish (Romanesque)
    This carving is important because it is the only remaining portion of a large composition with events from Jesus's life.
  • Oct 28, 1150

    Christ Presenting The Keys to Saint Peter and The Law to Paul

    Christ Presenting The Keys to Saint Peter and The Law to Paul
    Date: 1150 AD
    Culture: German (Romanesque)
    This carving is important because it places Christ on a dome rather than a rock.
  • Oct 28, 1180

    Relief with the Annunciation

    Relief with the Annunciation
    Date: 1180 AD
    Culture: Italian (Romanesque)
    This carving is important because it is the remains of a disassembled pulpit from a church in Florence.
  • Sep 22, 1185

    The Poet Fujiwara Kiyotada: From the Narikane version of the Thirty–Six Immortal Poets

    The Poet Fujiwara Kiyotada: From the Narikane version of the Thirty–Six Immortal Poets
    Date: 1185 AD
    Culture: Japanese
    This scroll is important because it has poetry written on it, and it is the only segment known to be in an American collection.
  • Period: Feb 23, 1200 to

    Southeast Asia after 1300, Later China and Korea, and Later Japan

    Akbar and the Elephant Hawai- 1590
    Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shakyh to Kings- 1618
    Krishna and Radha in a Pavilion- 1760
    Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Marwar- 1880
    Emerald Buddha- 1500
    Bamboo Groves in Mist and Rain- 1308
    Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains- 1350
    Guan Yu Captures General Pang De- 1430
    Lofty Mount Lu- 1467
    Kumgang Mountains- 1734
    Red Plum Blossoms- 1716
    Chinese Lions- late 16th century
    Cuckoo Flying Over New Verdure- 1750
    Evening Bell at the Clock- 1765
    The great wave - 1833
  • Sep 8, 1200

    Cylinder seal and modern impression with winged horse with claws and horns

    Cylinder seal and modern impression with winged horse with claws and horns
    1200 BC
    Culture: Assyrian
    It is important because, despite being from Assyria, is made of material from Cyprus. It is made in a style that can be identified as 14th century Near East.
  • Sep 11, 1200

    Warriors Vase

    Warriors Vase
    Date: 1200 BCE
    Culture: Cycladic
    Uses elements from Minoan and Mycenaean art and utilizes a simplification of narrative.
  • Sep 22, 1200

    Seated Ganesha

    Seated Ganesha
    Date: 1200
    Culture: Indian
    This statue is important because it is wearing a crown and jewels, signifying it as a statue of the god Ganesha.
  • Oct 28, 1220

    Reliquary Bust of Saint Yrieix

    Reliquary Bust of Saint Yrieix
    Date: 1220 AD
    Culture: French (Romanesque)
    This reliquary is important because it once contained the saint's skull.
  • Oct 15, 1228

    Madonna and Child

    Madonna and Child
    Date: 1228 AD
    Culture: Italian (Byzantine)
    This painting is importat because it utilizes the Byzantine symbol of the Madonna pointing to the child as a means of salvation.
  • Oct 22, 1232

    Textile fragment

    Textile fragment
    Date: 1232 AD
    Culture: North African
    This cloth is important because it was inspired by the Nasrids.
  • Nov 12, 1260

    Crucified Christ

    Crucified Christ
    Date: 1260 AD
    Culture: French (Gothic)
    This sculpture is important because it has more anatomy than a typical crucifix.
  • Period: Mar 24, 1300 to

    Native Arts

    Mictlantecuhtli and Quetzalcoatl 1500
    Coyolxauhqui 1469
    Jar 1939
    Eagle transformation mask 1880
    Warrior Pehriska- Ruhpa 1833
    Canoe prow and splashboard 1898
    Row of moai on a stone platform 1100
    Kukailimoku 1750
    Mataatua meetinghouse 1875
    Tawhiri- Matea 1984
    Throne and footstool of King Nsangu 1870
    Yombe mother and child 1880
    Akuaba 1935
    linguists staff 1950
    Ngady Amwaash mask 1890
  • Oct 22, 1300

    Panel

    Panel
    Date: 1300 AD
    Culture: Moroccan (Early African)
    This architechture is important because it was made for a Qur’anic school.
  • Oct 22, 1300

    Processional Cross

    Processional Cross
    Date: 1300 AD
    Culture: Ethiopian (Early African)
    This cross is important because it is rare for the reigon due to Islam.
  • Nov 12, 1300

    Diptych with Scenes of the Annunciation, Nativity, Crucifixion, and Resurrection

    Diptych with Scenes of the Annunciation, Nativity, Crucifixion, and Resurrection
    Date: 1300 AD
    Culture: German (Gothic)
    This diptych is importnat because it was made to look like a gemstone.
  • Feb 23, 1308

    Bamboo Groves in Mist and Rain

    Bamboo Groves in Mist and Rain
    Date: 1308 CE
    Artist: Guan Deoshang
    Culture: China
    Source: http://www.wikiart.org/en/guan-daosheng/bamboo-groves-in-mist-and-rain-detail-1308#close
    I chose this piece because of its calligraphic quality. It is made entirely out of ink and yet it still has a broad value range.
  • Nov 12, 1325

    Reliquary Shrine

    Reliquary Shrine
    Date: 1325 AD
    Artist: Jean de Touyl
    Culture: French (Gothic)
    This reliquary is important because it is only one of four surviving.
  • Nov 12, 1325

    Two Angels

    Two Angels
    Date: 1325 AD
    Culture: North Italy
    This piece is important because it shows the influence of Giotto.
  • Nov 12, 1326

    Saint Andrew

    Saint Andrew
    Date: 1326
    Artist: Simone Martini
    Culture: Sienan (Gothic)
    This panel is important because it was painted by the most famous artist of the time period.
  • Nov 12, 1335

    Saints John the Evangelist and Mary Magdalene

    Saints John the Evangelist and Mary Magdalene
    Date: 1335 AD
    Culture: Italian
    This painting is important because it was made for private devotion.
  • Oct 15, 1340

    The Cambrai Madonna

     The Cambrai Madonna
    Date: 1340 AD
    Culture: Greek (Byzantine)
    This painting is important because it is believed to be painted by the disciple Luke.
  • Feb 26, 1350

    Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains

    Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains
    Date: 1350 CE
    Artist: Huang Gongwang
    Culture: Chinese
    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dwelling_in_the_Fuchun_Mountains#mediaviewer/File:Dwelling_in_the_Fuchun_Mountains_(first_half).JPG
    I chose this piece because of the way it was created. It was first sketched and then modified over many years. The artist also used several different painting techniques.
  • Nov 12, 1350

    Madonna and Child

    Madonna and Child
    Date: 1350
    Artist: Guariento di Arpo
    Culture: Italian
    This painting is important because it is one of the artist's most popular works.
  • Nov 12, 1365

    Madonna and Child with Donors

    Madonna and Child with Donors
    Date: 1365 AD
    Artist: Giovanni da Milano
    Culture: Florence
    This piece is important because it was used to decorate a tomb.
  • Nov 12, 1365

    Head of Christ

    Head of Christ
    Date: 1365 AD
    Culture: Florence
    This panel is important because it still has its original frame.
  • Sep 8, 1391

    Prancing Horse

    Prancing Horse
    Date: 1391 BC
    Culture: Egyptian
    This sculpture is important because it is utilitarian and one of the first representations of a horse in Egyptian art.
  • Nov 12, 1394

    The Coronation of the Virgin, and Saints

    The Coronation of the Virgin, and Saints
    Date: 1394 AD
    Artist: Giovanni di Tano Fei
    Culture: Florentine (Gothic)
    This altarpiece is important because it is one of the only remaining ones to have all its components.
  • Sep 11, 1400

    Minoan Queens Fresco

    Minoan Queens Fresco
    Date: 1400 BCE
    Culture: Minoan
    This fresco is important because it mimics the Egyptian style but still has many characteristics of Minoan art.
  • Oct 22, 1400

    Mississippian Underwater Panther ceramic

    Mississippian Underwater Panther ceramic
    Date: 1400 AD
    Culture: Mississippian (Native American)
    This jug is important because it is said to be the effigy of a feline.
  • Oct 22, 1400

    Nok rider and horse

    Nok rider and horse
    Date: 1400 AD
    Culture: Nok (Early African)
    This sculpture is important because it belongs to the first Sub-Saharan producer of life-sized terracottas.
  • Jan 27, 1406

    Saint Lawrence Enthroned with Saints and Donors

    Saint Lawrence Enthroned with Saints and Donors
    Date: 1406 AD
    Artist: Fra Filippo Lippi
    Culture: Italian (High Renaissance)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/436897
    I chose this piece because, despite being damaged, it still retains most of its original material. The gold background had to be replaced.
  • Jan 14, 1410

    Saint Ursula and Her Maidens

    Saint Ursula and Her Maidens
    Date: 1410
    Artist: Niccolò di Pietro
    Culture: Italian
    This painting's style is inspired by Islamic textiles.
  • Jan 27, 1420

    The Crucifixion

    The Crucifixion
    Date: 1420 AD
    Artist: Fra Angelico
    Culture: Italian (High Renaissance)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/437007
    I chose this piece because each figure has its own pose and expression. It uses a sense of foreshortening.
  • Feb 26, 1430

    Guan Yu Captures General Pang De

    Guan Yu Captures General Pang De
    Date: 1430 CE
    Artist: Shang Xi
    Culture: China
    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guan_Yu#mediaviewer/File:Shang_Xi,_Guan_Yu_Captures_General_Pang_De.JPG
    I chose this piece because it depicts military leaders of the time period. It also uses color to accentuate them.
  • Jan 29, 1435

    The Crucifixion; The Last Judgment

    The Crucifixion; The Last Judgment
    Date: 1435 AD
    Artist: Jan van Eyck
    Culture: Netherlands (16th Northern Europe)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/436282
    I chose this piece because of its reference to the Underworld. It has a large amount of depth for such a narrow piece.
  • Jan 14, 1440

    Portrait of a Woman with a Man at a Casement

    Portrait of a Woman with a Man at a Casement
    Date: 1440 AD
    Artist: Fra Filippo Lippi
    Culture: Italian
    This painting is the earliest surviving Italian double-portrait painting.
  • Jan 14, 1449

    The Triumph of Fame; (reverse) Impresa of the Medici Family and Arms of the Medici and Tornabuoni Families

    The Triumph of Fame; (reverse) Impresa of the Medici Family and Arms of the Medici and Tornabuoni Families
    Date: 1449 AD
    Artist: Giovanni di ser Giovanni Guidi
    Culture: Italian
    This tray is for the birth of the most celebrated ruler of the time.
  • Jan 29, 1450

    The Annunciation

    The Annunciation
    Date: 1450 AD
    Artist: Petrus Christus
    Culture: Netherlands (16th Northern Europe)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/435899
    I chose this piece because of its unusual perspective. The Romanesque-Gothic architechture references Christianity.
  • Jan 27, 1460

    Francesco d'Este

    Francesco d'Este
    Date: 1460 AD
    Artist: Rogier van der Weyden
    Culture: Netherlands (16th century North Europe)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/437487
    I chose this piece because of its uncommon white background. He was given items that reflected his personality.
  • Jan 14, 1465

    The Adoration of the Magi

    The Adoration of the Magi
    Date: 1465 AD
    Artist: Justus of Ghent
    Culture: Netherlands
    This painting is one of the only surviving works for this artist from before he went to Italy.
  • Jan 14, 1467

    The Birth of the Virgin

    The Birth of the Virgin
    Date: 1467 AD
    Artist: Fra Carnevale
    Culture: Italian
    This painting is on an altarpiece at the church of Santa Maria della Bella in Urbino.
  • Feb 26, 1467

    Lofty Mount Lu

    Lofty Mount Lu
    Date: 1467 CE
    Artist: Shen Zhou
    Culture: Chinese
    Source: http://www.chinaonlinemuseum.com/painting-shen-zhou-mount-lu.php
    I chose this piece because it seems to be an early illustrated poem. In this case, the artist wrote the poem after creating the illustration.
  • Mar 24, 1469

    Coyolxauhqui

    Coyolxauhqui
    Date: 1469 CE
    Culture: Aztec (Native Arts)
    Source: http://schools.nashua.edu/myclass/peringerr/Art%20History/ch30/30-03.jpg
    I chose this disk because it has both religious and political meaning. It also serves as a calendar.
  • Jan 14, 1470

    Christ Bearing the Cross

    Christ Bearing the Cross
    Date: 1470 AD
    Artist: Utretch
    Culture: Netherlands
    This painting is important because it is of a lost Van Eyck work.
  • Period: Jan 27, 1475 to

    High Renaissance and 16th Century North Europe

    The Return from the Hunt - 1505
    The Crucifixion - 1420
    Saint Lawrence Enthroned with Saints and Donors - 1406
    A Hunting Scene - 1507
    Venus and Cupid- 1480 Francesco d'Este - 1460
    Salvator Mundi - 1505
    The Annunciation - 1450
    The Crucifixion; The Last Judgment - 1440
    Virgin and Child with Saint Anne - 1519
  • Jan 14, 1480

    Virgin and Child in an Apse

    Virgin and Child in an Apse
    Date: 1480 AD
    Culture: Netherlands
    This painting is a copy of the original and is based off Byzantinian themes.
  • Jan 29, 1480

    Venus and Cupid

    Venus and Cupid
    Date: 1480 AD
    Artist: Lorenzo Lotto
    Culture: Italian (High Renaissance)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/436918
    I chose this piece because of its use of Greek mythology. It was inspired by a poem about marriage.
  • Jan 14, 1496

    Christ Appearing to His Mother

    Christ Appearing to His Mother
    Culture: Netherlands
    Date: 1496 AD
    This painting is important because a queen had the painting put on her burial site.
  • Jan 14, 1498

    Battle of Hercules and the Giants

    Battle of Hercules and the Giants
    Date: 1498 AD
    Culture: Italian
    This picture is an engraving of Hercules.
  • Feb 23, 1500

    Emerald Buddha

    Emerald Buddha
    Date: 15th century CE
    Culture: Thailand (Southeast Asia)
    Source: http://schools.nashua.edu/myclass/lavalleev/Art%20History%20Pictures/ch25/25-11.jpg
    I chose this sculpture because of its media. Despite being named emerald, it is made of jade for its meditative aura. It is said to summon rain.
  • Mar 24, 1500

    Mictlantecuhtli and Quetzalcoatl

    Mictlantecuhtli and Quetzalcoatl
    Date: 1500 CE
    Culture: Puebla (Native Arts)
    Source: http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/images-6/603_02_2.jpg
    I chose this piece because it is one of the only surviving Mesoamerican books. Due to its symbols, it is also believed to be a calendar.
  • Sep 11, 1500

    Marine Style octopus jar

    Marine Style octopus jar
    Date: 1500 BCE
    Culture: Cycladic
    This vase is important because it was made during the poularity of dark-on-light figures as opposed to light-on-dark.
  • Jan 27, 1505

    The Return from the Hunt

    The Return from the Hunt
    Date: 1505 AD
    Artist: Piero di Cosimo
    Culture: Italy (High Renaissance)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/437284
    I chose this painting because it uses mythical creatures (satyrs). The painter felt that this scene could have been historically accurate.
  • Jan 29, 1505

    Salvator Mundi

    Salvator Mundi
    Date: 1505 AD
    Artist: Albrecht Dürer
    Culture: German (16th Northern Europe)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/436243
    I chose the picture because it is unfinished. The pencil outlines still exist where the picture remained unpainted.
  • Jan 29, 1507

    A Hunting Scene

    A Hunting Scene
    Date: 1462
    Artist: Piero di Cosimo
    Culture: Italian (High Renaissance)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/437283
    I chose this piece because it's a companion to The Return to the Hunt. It was inspired by an ancient philosipher.
  • Jan 14, 1513

    The Holy Family

    The Holy Family
    Date: 1513
    Artist: Joos van Cleve
    Culture: Netherlands
    Many versions of this painting were sold on the open market.
  • Jan 29, 1519

    Virgin and Child with Saint Anne

    Virgin and Child with Saint Anne
    Date: 1519 AD
    Artist: Albrecht Dürer
    Culture: German (16th Northern Europe)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/436244
    I chose this piece because of its muted color palette. The baby represents Christ's death.
  • Oct 15, 1525

    The Mi'raj, or, The Night Flight of Muhammad on his Steed Buraq: Folio from a Bustan of Sa'di

    The Mi'raj, or, The Night Flight of Muhammad on his Steed Buraq: Folio from a Bustan of Sa'di
    Date: 1525 AD
    Cutlure: Uzbekistanian (Islamic)
    This painting is important because it shows Muhammad without a veil on his face.
  • Feb 27, 1550

    Chinese Lions

    Chinese Lions
    Date: late 16th century CE
    Artist: Kano Eitoku
    Culture: Japanese
    Source: https://silverandexact.files.wordpress.com/2010/09/chinese-lions-kano-eitoku-late-16th-century.jpg
    I chose this piece because these lions were a common motif in Japan. It is also on a large scale, spanning fourteen feet across.
  • Akbar and the Elephant Hawai

    Akbar and the Elephant Hawai
    Date: 1590 CE
    Artist: Basawan and Chatar Muni
    Culture: Indian (Southeast Asia)
    Source: http://test.classconnection.s3.amazonaws.com/52/flashcards/449052/png/pabaa019_akbar_restrains_hawai_enraged_elephant_and.png
    I chose this piece because, despite being a miniature, it has immense detail. It's less than 10 inches tall, and yet it manages to create action and depth.
  • Period: to

    Baroque

    The Battle between Christians and Moors at El Sotillo - 1637
    Portrait of a Woman - 1670
    Juan de Pareja - 1650
    Modern Rome - 1757
    Marcantonio Pasqualini - 1641
  • Jahangir preferring a Sufi sheikh to kings

    Jahangir preferring a Sufi sheikh to kings
    Date: 1618
    Artist: Bichitr
    Culture: Indian (Southeast Asia)
    Source: https://silverandexact.files.wordpress.com/2010/08/jahangir-preferring-a-sufi-sheikh-to-kings-bichitr-1618.jpg
    I chose this piece because of its European influence. The cherubs were taken from themes used in Europe, however they were modified for the artist's purposes.
  • The Battle between Christians and Moors at El Sotillo

    The Battle between Christians and Moors at El Sotillo
    Date: 1637 CE
    Artist: Francisco de Zurbarán
    Culture: Spanish (Baroque)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/437969
    I chose this piece because of its historical signifigance. It depicts a real life event yet adds religious meaning to it.
  • Marcantonio Pasqualini

    Marcantonio Pasqualini
    Date: 1641 CE
    Artist: Andrea Sacchi
    Culture: Italian (Baroque)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/437593
    I chose this piece because it was made for an opera. It ties in mythology with non-fictional people.
  • Juan de Pareja

    Juan de Pareja
    Date: 1650 CE
    Artist: Velázquez
    Culture: Spanish (Baroque)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/437869
    I chose this piece because it depicts a person of color. In addition to being art of a slave, non-whites were rarely depicted during this time period.
  • Portrait of a Woman

    Portrait of a Woman
    Date: 1670 CE
    Artist: Giovanni Battista Gaulli
    Culture: Italian (Baroque)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/643540
    I chose this piece because of its illusionism. The way the clear fabric is draped around the figure is very realistic.
  • Red Plum Blossoms

    Red Plum Blossoms
    Date: 1716 CE
    Artist: Ogata Korin
    Culture: Japanese
    Source: http://elamarthistory.com/slide-lists/art-of-indea-abet/white-and-red-plum-blossoms/
    I chose this piece because the artist favored texture over quantity. Its simplistic style allows the form to be more noticeable.
  • Kumgang Mountains

    Kumgang Mountains
    Date: 1734 CE
    Artist: Chong Son
    Culture: Korean
    Source: http://instructional1.calstatela.edu/bevans/art101/Art101B-10-China/WebPage-Full.00082.html
    I chose this piece because the artist was influenced by Chinese art but used a style typical to Korean art.
  • Cuckoo Flying Over New Verdure

    Cuckoo Flying Over New Verdure
    Date: late 18th century CE
    Artist: Yosa Buson
    Culture: Japanese
    Source: http://www.wikiart.org/ru/yosa-buson/cuckoo-flying-over-new-verdure#close
    I chose this piece because cuckoos were a common Japanese motif. The artist used Chinese painting styles yet still managed to use custom colors and brushstrokes.
  • Period: to

    18th-19th Century

    Cupid a Captive- 1754
    A Philosopher Giving a Lecture at the Orrery- 1765
    Death of General Wolfe- 1771
    Cornelia Presenting Her Children as Her Treasures, or Mother of the Gracchi- 1785
    Elisabeth Louise Vige- Lebrun, Self- Portrait- 1790 The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters- 1798
    Horse Galloping- 1878
    A Sunday on La Grande Jatte- 1886
    Starry Night- 1889
    At the Moulin Rouge- 1895
  • Kukailimoku

    Kukailimoku
    Date: 18th-19th century CE
    Culture: Oceanic
    Source: http://schools.nashua.edu/myclass/lavalleev/Art%20History%20Pictures/ch31/31-15.jpg
    I chose this piece because it depicts an important Hawaiian deity. Everyone had a statue of this god regardless of social standing.
  • Cupid a Captive

    Cupid a Captive
    Date: 1754 CE
    Artist: Francois Boucher
    Culture: French
    Source:
    http://www.britannica.com/media/full/36236
    I chose this piece because it uses Baroque techniques to make a Rococo image. The artist mixed French and Italian styles yet used a Rococo theme in the artwork.
  • Modern Rome

    Modern Rome
    Date: 1757 CE
    Artist: Giovanni Paolo Panini
    Culture: Italian (Baroque)
    Source: http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/437245
    I chose this piece because of its depth. It has an accurate sense of perspective, not to mention the fact that each painting within the picture also has accurate perspective.
  • Krishna and Radha in a Pavilion

    Krishna and Radha in a Pavilion
    Date: 1760 CE
    Culture: Indian (Southeast Asia)
    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krishna_and_Radha_in_a_Pavilion#mediaviewer/File:Radhakrishna.jpg
    I chose this piece because of its religious meaning. It served to represent a mortal version of a Hindu god as well as presenting a reference of devotion for said god.
  • Evening Bell at the Clock

    Evening Bell at the Clock
    Date: 1765 CE
    Artist: Suzuki Harunobu
    Culture: Japanese
    Source: http://instructional1.calstatela.edu/bevans/Art101/Art101B-11-Japan/WebPage-Full.00033.html
    I chose this piece because it mimics a painting of the time period before it. It still uses Japanese motifs such as elevated viewpoint.
  • A Philosopher Giving a Lecture at the Orrery

    A Philosopher Giving a Lecture at the Orrery
    Date: 1765 CE
    Artist: Joseph Wright of Derby
    Culture: English
    Source: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/monarchy-enlightenment/english-portraiture/britain-ageof-revolution/a/wright-of-derby-a-philosopher-lecturing-on-the-orrery
    I chose this piece because it favors science over the arts. It embodies the ideals of the Enlightment through a fascination with a mobile of the planets.
  • Death of General Wolfe

    Death of General Wolfe
    Date: 1771 CE
    Artist: Benjamin West
    Culture: American
    Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f8/The_Death_of_General_Wolfe_B.West%2C1770.jpg
    I chose this painting because it influenced paitnings in the 19th century. The artist depicted historical figures wearing contemporary clothing.
  • Cornelia Presenting Her Children as Her Treasures, or Mother of the Gracchi

    Cornelia Presenting Her Children as Her Treasures, or Mother of the Gracchi
    Date: 1785 CE
    Artist: Angelica Kauffmann
    Culture: England
    Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/42/Kauffmann_Cornelia_mater_Gracchorum.jpg
    I chose this piece because its style was unusual for the time period. Rococo was the style of the time, yet the artist chose to use a Roman style.
  • Self- Portrait

    Self- Portrait
    Date: 1790 CE
    Artist: Elisabeth Louise Vige- Lebrun
    Culture: France
    Source: http://www.batguano.com/vlbflor1.jpg
    I chose this piece because it is of one of the only female artists to be part of an academy at the time. Her paintings were painted in a unique intimate way that won her renown.
  • The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters

    The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters
    Date: 1798 CE
    Artist: Fransisco Goya
    Culture: Spanish
    Source: http://www.wikiart.org/en/francisco-goya/the-sleep-of-reason-produces-monsters-1799#close
    I chose this piece because of the interesting subject matter. The bats and owls represent bad thoughts stunting creativity.
  • The Great Wave Off Kanagawa

    The Great Wave Off Kanagawa
    Date: 1833 CE
    Artist: Katsushika Hokusai
    Culture: Japanese
    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Great_Wave_off_Kanagawa#mediaviewer/File:Great_Wave_off_Kanagawa2.jpg
    I chose this piece because it's pretty recognizable as the most famous Japanese painting. The artist used a Western graphic style that became popular.
  • Hidatsa Warrior Pehriska- Ruhpa

    Hidatsa Warrior Pehriska- Ruhpa
    Date: 1833 CE
    Artist: Karl Bodmer
    Culture: Swiss (Native Art)
    Source: http://www.artesmagazine.com/2011/02/the-american-frontier-native-american-identity-and-western-expansionism-through-artists-eyes/
    I chose this painting because it's biographical. The artist made it recognizable to people of the same tribe by giving the figure common objects from the tribe.
  • Canoe prow and splashboard

    Canoe prow and splashboard
    Date: 19th-20th century CE
    Culture: Melanasian
    Source: http://schools.nashua.edu/myclass/lavalleev/Art%20History%20Pictures/ch31
    I chose this piece because of its intricate detail. The value of each piece was determined by the amount of detail in it.
  • Ngady Amwaash mask

    Ngady Amwaash mask
    Date: 19th-20th century CE
    Culture: African
    Source: http://kubaroyalmask.blogspot.com/2012_09_01_archive.html
    I chose this mask because it's representative of women. Its features represent pain and sadness.
  • Throne and footstool of King Nsangu

    Throne and footstool of King Nsangu
    Date: 1870 CE
    Culture: African
    Source: http://veryculturedswine.tumblr.com/image/111985021069
    I chose this piece because it was created for royalty. The colors on the throne were meant to contrast the clothing worn by the king.
  • Mataatua meetinghouse

    Mataatua meetinghouse
    Date: 1875 CE
    Artist: Wepiha Apanui
    Culture: Oceanic
    Source: http://www.ngatiawaheritageestate.com/mataatua-wharenui
    I chose this building because of its odd decoration. The Maori believe that meetinghouses represent ancestors, so the building is meant to look like a body.
  • Horse Galloping

    Horse Galloping
    Date: 1878 CE
    Artist: Eadweard Muybridge
    Culture: American
    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eadweard_Muybridge#mediaviewer/File:The_Horse_in_Motion.jpg
    I chose this piece because it led to the creation of the zoopraxiscope. Essentially, it is one of the first films.
  • Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Marwar

    Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Marwar
    Date: 1880 CE
    Culture: Indian (Southeast Asia)
    Source: http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/opencollection/objects/115593/Maharaja_Jaswant_Singh_of_Marwar
    I chose this piece because it uses a European style of painting but was made with Indian materials. It's possible that the painting was painted over a photograph because the style was used commonly during the 1800s.
  • Eagle transformation mask

    Eagle transformation mask
    Date: late 19th century CE
    Culture: Canadian (Native Art)
    Source: http://www.davidneel.com/charlie-james-a-13.html
    I chose this mask because it has the ability to transform into something else through the pulling of strings. The animalistic features of the inner face represent the animal on the outside.
  • Yombe mother and child

    Yombe mother and child
    Date: 19th century CE
    Culture: African
    Source: http://www.randafricanart.com/Yombe_maternity_figure_examples.html
    I chose this piece because it's fairly realistic. It was used for healing.
  • A Sunday on La Grande Jatte

    A Sunday on La Grande Jatte
    Date: 1886
    Artist: Georges Seurat
    Culture: France
    Source: http://www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/27992
    I chose this piece because, in my opinion, it is the most well known pointalist piece in existence. The artist used color theory to depict light and shadow.
  • Starry Night

    Starry Night
    Date: 1889
    Artist: Vincent Van Gogh
    Culture: Dutch
    Source: http://www.wikiart.org/en/vincent-van-gogh/the-starry-night-1889
    I chose this piece because of its fame. Van Gogh used color to convey the emotion of the piece and did not copy directly what he saw when painting.
  • At the Moulin Rouge

    At the Moulin Rouge
    Date: 1895 CE
    Artist: Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
    Culture: French
    Source: http://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/art_movements/impressionism.htm
    I chose this piece because it depicts a place that I've actually been to, and its Japanese influence. The artist also inserted himself into the piece.
  • Period: to

    Early 20th Century

    Portrait of a German Officer - 1914
    The Treachery of Images - 1929
    The Persistence of Memory - 1931
    Composition with Red, Blue, Yellow - 1930
    Nighthawks - 1942
  • Portrait of a German Officer

    Portrait of a German Officer
    Date: 1914 CE
    Artist: Marsden Hartley
    Culture: American
    Source: http://www.wikiart.org/en/marsden-hartley/portrait-of-a-german-officer-1914
    I chose this piece because it reflects current events from the time period. The artist experienced World War 1 firsthand in Berlin.
  • The Treachery of Images

    The Treachery of Images
    Date: 1929 CE
    Artist: Ren Magritte
    Culture: Belgian
    Source: http://www.wikiart.org/en/rene-magritte/the-treachery-of-images-this-is-not-a-pipe-1948
    I chose this piece because it contradicts itself. The artist wrote "This is not a pipe" underneath a PICTURE of a pipe, therefore it actually isn't a pipe.
  • Composition with Red, Blue, and Yellow

    Composition with Red, Blue, and Yellow
    Date: 1930 CE
    Artist: Piet Mondrian
    Culture: French
    Source: http://www.wikiart.org/en/piet-mondrian/composition-with-red-blue-and-yellow-1930
    I chose this piece because, although simple, the picture has balance and harmony. The artist made several pieces using only the primary colors, black and white, yet they are all different.
  • The Persistence of Memory

    The Persistence of Memory
    Date: 1931 CE
    Artist: Salvador Dali
    Culture: Spanish
    Source: http://www.wikiart.org/en/salvador-dali/the-persistence-of-memory-1931
    I chose this piece because it is both surreal and realistic. The artist used a real landscape as the setting, yet the figures are dreamlike.
  • Akuaba

    Akuaba
    Date: 1935
    Artist: Osei Bonsu
    Culture: African
    Source: http://www.randafricanart.com/Akuas_child_asante_akuaba_dolls.html
    I chose this piece because it represents the culture's standard of beauty. They favored flattened foreheads.
  • Jar

    Jar
    Date: 1939 CE
    Artist: Mara Montoya Martnez
    Culture: Native American (Native Art)
    Source: http://greatmuseums.org/images/proj_gallery_full/WIA-black-jar-950x987.jpg
    I chose this piece because the style of ceramics is popular among the culture it came from. The designs are based on prehistoric pottery.
  • Nighthawks

    Nighthawks
    Date: 1942 CE
    Artist: Edward Hopper
    Culture: American
    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nighthawks#/media/File:Nighthawks_by_Edward_Hopper_1942.jpg
    I chose this piece because it has extreme contrasting emotions on either side of the painting. The picture depicts a feeling common during the Great Depression: emptiness.
  • Period: to

    Late 20th Century

    Robert Rauschenberg, Canyon, 1959
    Roy Lichtenstein, Hopeless, 1963
    Audrey Flack, Marilyn, 1977
    Mark Tansey, A Short History of Modernist Painting, 1982
    Bruce Nauman, The True Artist Helps the World by Revealing Mystic Truths, 1967
  • Linguists staff of two men sitting at a table of food

    Linguists staff of two men sitting at a table of food
    Date: 20th century CE
    Artist: Osei Bonsu
    Culture: African
    Source: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/113434484334853749/
    I chose this piece because the wood used to make it was painted gold. It holds a metaphor about politics at the time.
  • Canyon

    Canyon
    Date: 1959 CE
    Artist: Robert Rauschenberg
    Culture: American
    Source: http://www.moma.org/collection/object.php?object_id=16501
    I chose this piece because it's a modern representation of an older work. The artist based this collage on a Rembrandt painting.
  • Hopeless

    Hopeless
    Date: 1963 CE
    Artist: Roy Lichtenstein
    Culture: American
    Source: http://en.amorosart.com/artwork-lichtenstein-hopeless-20398-en.html
    I chose this piece because it is one of the first commercialized pieces of art. The artist translated an image meant for mass production and turned it into a piece of art.
  • The True Artist Helps the World by Revealing Mystic Truths

    The True Artist Helps the World by Revealing Mystic Truths
    Date: 1967 CE
    Artist: Bruce Nauman
    Culture: American
    Source: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/global-culture/identity-body/identity-body-united-states/a/nauman-the-true-artist-helps-the-world-by-revealing-mystic-truths
    I chose this piece because the artist specifically chose a medium not associated with art to make art. He made several pieces using neon for this purpose.
  • Marilyn

    Marilyn
    Date: 1977 CE
    Artist: Audrey Flack
    Culture: American
    Source: http://www.artmuseum.arizona.edu/events/event/audrey-flacks-marilyn-still-life-vanitas-trompe-loeil
    I chose this piece because it references the style of past periods of art history. It acts like a vanitas painting because it alludes to the death of the subject.
  • A Short History of Modernist Painting

    A Short History of Modernist Painting
    Date: 1982 CE
    Artist: Mark Tansey
    Culture: American
    Source: http://culturemechanism.blogspot.com/2013/05/a-short-history-of-modernist-painting.html
    I chose this piece because it refers to art itself. Each segment represents a different period of art history.
  • Tawhiri- Matea

    Tawhiri- Matea
    Date: 1984 CE
    Artist: Cliff Whiting
    Culture: Oceanic
    Source: http://schools.nashua.edu/myclass/lavalleev/Art%20History%20Pictures/ch31/31-19.jpg
    I chose this piece because it is done using a classic native style. The mural is carved out of several pieces of wood.