Genetics x

Frederick Sanger

  • Birth of Ferderick Sanger

    Birth of Ferderick Sanger
    Frederick Sanger was born on August 13, 1918 at Rendcombe in Gloucestershire. Frederick went to school at Bryanston School and at St. John's college.
  • Period: to

    Frederick Sanger

  • St. John's College

    St. John's College
    Frederick Sanger entered St. John's college. He was mostly concentrated on chemistry and physics, but later on he went to the field of biochemistry.
  • Dgree in science

    Dgree in science
    Frederick Sanger got his bachelor's degree. After he got his bachelor's degree he stayed one more year in Cambridge to take an advance course in biochemistry.
  • Married

    Frederick Sanger married Margaret Joan Howe and had two kids. They have two boys and one girl.
  • Working for A.C. Chibnall

    Working for A.C. Chibnall
    Sanger started to work on identifying the free amino groups in insulin. During his research he discovered ways to order the amnio acids. He became the first person to obtain a protein sequence.
  • The staff of the Medical Research Council

    The staff of the Medical Research Council
    Frederick Sanger was on the staff of the Medical Research Council at Cambridge University. He worked there for a couple of years.
  • Molecular Structure

     Molecular Structure
    Frederick Sanger detailed the molecular structure of insulin. His discovery allowed for the affordable synthetic production of insulin.
  • Nobel Prize

    Nobel Prize
    Frederick Sanger won a Nobel Prize for Chemistry in his work on the structure of protein. He proved that proteins were ordered molecules.
  • Laboratory of Molecular Biology

    Laboratory of Molecular Biology
    Frederick Sander moved the Medical Research Council to the Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge. There Francis Crick, John Kendrew, Aaron Klug and others were all working on a DNA-related problem.
  • tRNA

    Frederick Sanger discovered formylmethionine tRNA (transfer ribonucleic acid). tRNA triggers the synthesis of protein in bacteria.
  • RNA

    Frederick Sanger analyzed the nucleotide sequence of RNA from a bacterium.
  • Genetic Material in a Virus

    Genetic Material in a Virus
    Sanger's team at Cambridge completed the first analysis of the complete base sequence of genetic material in a virus. They also made the first discovery of a gene nestled inside another gene.
  • A Second Nobel Prize

    A Second Nobel Prize
    Frederick Sanger won a second Nobel Prize. He shared it with Walter Gilbert, for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids, and Paul Berg for his work on recombinant DNA.
  • Retirement

    Frederick Sanger retired. He now spends most of his time in his garden.
  • Sanger Centre

    Sanger Centre
    The Wellcome Trust and the Medical Research Council established the Sanger Centre. Sanger Centre is a research center for furthering the knowledge of genomes.