Explosives Timeline

Timeline created by Nina Marceny
  • Jan 1, 1000


    The first formula for gunpowder, or 'black powder' as it was more commonly known, was seen in a document from the Song Dynasty, which occured throughout in the 11th century. It was supposedly invented due to Chinese alchemic research, but mostly used for fireworks and signals until the mid-13th century. There are, however, speculations that black powder may have been invented somewhere else in Eurasia.
  • Jan 1, 1250

    First Recorded Use in Explosives

    First Recorded Use in Explosives
    European monk Roger Bacon recorded a theory of using black powder as an explosive compound.
  • Explosives In Industry

    Explosives In Industry
    Explosives started being used in peacetime to clear out rocks and closed off areas in European mines. This practice held up for centuries following.
  • Safety Fuse

    Safety Fuse
    The safety fuse was invented in 1831 by William Bickford. It conists of waterproof rope encasing a tube-shaped amount of compressed black powder.
  • Nitroglycerin

    Ascaino Sobrero, an Italian chemist, discoved this chemical. This is a mix of nitric acid, sulfuric acid, and glycerol.
  • Nitrocellulose/Gun Cotton

    Nitrocellulose/Gun Cotton
    This is a highly explosive compound formed by nitrating cellulose. It is often used as a propellant or low-grade explosive.
  • Dynamite

    Alfred Nobel figured out how to package Sobrero's nitroglycerin in a safe, usable way. this involved mixing it with absorbant material that stabalizes the compound, still leaving it highly flammable. This effectively replaced gunpowder as the most commonly used explosive.
  • First Conclusive Nuculear Weapons Test: Manhattan Project

    First Conclusive Nuculear Weapons Test: Manhattan Project
    The discovery of the splitting of the atom lead to an initiative to develop a highly destructive nucluear weapon. The first successful prototype of said weapon was conclusivly tested in the USA at this time.
  • First Major Use Of Nuclear Weaponry In Wartime

    First Major Use Of Nuclear Weaponry In Wartime
    This is the Hiroshima/Nagasaki incident. The US got fed up with fighting and losing, and just bombed Japan. It was a highly effective approach to warfare, but demonstrated the dangers of the use of extremely powerful weaponry to the world.
  • TNT

    More advanced chemical explosives began development, and cornered the explosives market.
  • The Future Of Explosives

    The Future Of Explosives
    Developments in poratblility and production speed could lead to highly powerful explosives that are small enough for a single soldier to carry lots of with little discomfort and little cost to his/her superiors that are at least as effective as modern grenades.
  • Period:
    Jan 1, 1000

    Expolsives Over Time