Evolution of Surgery

Timeline created by toby2k
In History
  • 6,500 BCE

    Trepanation

    Trepanation
    Skulls found in france shows signs of a rudimentary surgery called trepanation, which involves drilling a hole in the skull. Trepanation is making a burr hole is a surgical intervention in which a hole is drilled or scraped into the human skull, exposing the dura mater, to treat health problems related to intracranial diseases or release pressured blood buildup from an injury.
  • 1200

    Barber Surgeon

    Barber Surgeon
    A new type of craftsmanship emerged in towns. It was the barber surgeon. They cut hair, they pull teeth and they performed simple operations such as amputation and setting broken bones.
  • Amputations

    Amputations
    Amputations were performed in the 1700s. Most wounds were caused by musket balls or the bayonet. There are cases where the bone was damaged so severely that a limb could not be saved, the surgeon performed an amputation without the type of anesthesia or sterilization we know today. They would use a curved amputation knife, surgical scissors , forceps and a tourniquet
  • Anesthetics

    Anesthetics
    The first use of anesthetics is used on patients . The anesthetic made the patient unconscious but unable to feel pain. The first use of appendectomy was performed. The first x-ray was performed.
  • Transplant

    Transplant
    The first transplant was performed for lungs , heat and hips. Thee laser was invented and then used for eye surgery 4 years later . In the late 20th century the were able to treat brain cancer with a laser.
  • more transplant

    more transplant
    Surgery continues to advance as the first face transplant was performed in 2005. The first leg transplant took place in 2011 and the first womb transplant took place in 2012.
  • Period:
    6,500 BCE
    to

    Evolution of Surgery