Events that Led to World War 2 and Events During World War 2

  • Militarists Take Control Of Japan

    Militarists Take Control Of Japan
    As the Great Depression hit the Japanese in the 1929, the Japanese blamed the government. Therefore, they wanted to to restore traditional control of the government to the military. They assigned Emperor Hirohito as the pupper emperor. This is important because the militarists wanted to take over territories which foreshadows the different invasions the Japanese would make.
  • Japan Invades Manchuria

    Japan Invades Manchuria
    Japan invades Manchuria for iron and coal in September 18th, 1931. This event is important because Japan consistently increases its territories and this is what causes the League of Nations to tell the Japanese that they could not expand. However, the Japanese do not agree to the League of Nations and decide to withdraw from the League of Nations.
  • Period: to

    Holocaust Phase 1: Paper Violence

    During phase 1, Hitler states that “THE JEWS HAVE NO RIGHT TO LIVE AMONG US AS JEWS." Therefore, he begins to indicate the Jews separately so that people around them can recognize the Jews. However, the Jews do not realize that Hitler is slowly trying to isolate the Jews from the Aryans. This is significant because Hitler prepares the banishment of the Jews by creating small laws which the Jews do not realize it will cause them to be in danger later on in the future. Also, we can see violence.
  • Hitler Becomes Chancellor

    Hitler Becomes Chancellor
    After the Great Depression, the lives of the Germans were ruined. The Nazi Party became very strong and the citizens were quetsioning why Hitler was not in power. During this time, Hitler had been known for his strong speaking skills and his leadership. Therefore, president Hindenburg of Germany assigns Hitler as chancellor. This event is important because it brought new hopes to the people that Hitler would be able to settle down all the problems and damages caused by the Great Depression.
  • President Hindenburg Dies

    President Hindenburg Dies
    President Hindenburg of Germany dies. This event is an important event because of this event, Hitler was able to declare himself as a Führer, who is an absolute ruler of Germany. Hitler was able to declare himself as Führer because when he became a chancellor, he obtained several authorities and powers that allowed him to declare himself as a Führer. This also foreshadows the different changes that will be made in the German society.
  • Violates the Treaty of Versailles

    Violates the Treaty of Versailles
    In 1935, Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by reintroducing the draft and rearming Germany. Hitler thought that the Germans were the superior race and they should not be treated unequally. Therefore, he ignores the Treaty of Versailles and rearms Germany. This event is important because it shows how Hitler wants to change the Treaty of Versailles so that it statisfies the Germans. Also, rearming Germany might mean that they are ready to fight or go to war against anyone.
  • United States of America Passes the Neutrality Act

    United States of America Passes the Neutrality Act
    The United States of America passes the Neutrality Act saying that selling arms or lending money to nations at war will be illegal. They did this because they really did not want to be involved in the war and thought that there is no reason why they should be involved in the war. This is important because later on they realize that they can't be netrual forever.
  • Period: to

    Holocaust Phase 2: Ghettoization & Violence

    Hitler then states that, “THE JEWS HAVE NO RIGHT TO LIVE AMONG US." As you noticed, the last part of the quote in phase 1 had disappeared. In this phase, Hitler moves the Jews into a ghetto and makes them build a wall. This is significant becuase this greatly isolates the Jews which causes the Aryans to gradually forget the presence of the Jews. Also, a lot violence is used which killed a great number of people.
  • The Nuremberg Race Laws is Created

    The Nuremberg Race Laws is Created
    The Numberg Race Laws deprived German Jews of their rights of citizenship, rights of marriage with the pure Germans, and their rights as humans. This event is important because it emphasizes Hitler's belief that pure Germans were the superior race. Therefore, Hitler did not want to ruin the German race. Also, this event foreshadows Hitler's violent actions towards the Jews.
  • German Armies Occupy Rhineland

    German Armies Occupy Rhineland
    Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by reoccupying the demilitarized zone in the Rhineland. This event is important because it notifies everyone that Hitler will do anything even if it is against the Treaty of Versailles. Also, now that this is not his first time violating the Treaty of Versailles, he probably will invade more countries and will do other things that is against the Treaty of Versailles.
  • The Spanish Civil War

    The Spanish Civil War
    On the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, the military leaders immediately asked Germany for help. Adolf Hitler decided to help on July 26th, 1936. This event is significant because the Spanish Civil War was an event for Hitler to practice his tactics, weapns and his army for later wars. Moreover, by supporting the Spanish, Hitler was able to become closer to Italy who was also supproting the civil war. Therefore, the Spanish Civil War gave Hitler a lot of advantages.
  • Germany Announces Union with Austria

    Germany Announces Union with Austria
    Germany declares an Anschluss (union) with Austria. However, this union was more like Germany annexing Austria. Austria was very weak, so it could not rebel or do anything. This event is important because Germany is starting to increase its territory by invading other countries.
  • Munich Conference is Held

    Munich Conference is Held
    On September 28, 1938, President Neville Chamberlain of England and Edouard Daladier held a conference with Britain,France,Italy and Germany. After, Neville Chamberlain decided to allow Hitler to takeover Sudentland and Hitler promised Neville Chamberlain that he would not takeover any other territories. This event is important because this is the first appeasement Britain and France makes for Hitler and Germany. This first appeasement cause other appeasements to be made which led to world war 2
  • Germany Invades Czechoslovakia

    Germany Invades Czechoslovakia
    Hitler wanted to annex Czechoslovakia because he wanted to provide more living space for the Germans as well as to control its important natural resources. This is an important event because as you can see, Hitler is consistently invading other countries and annexing them. This again shows that even after the Munich conference Hitler isn't going to keep the promise made. Also, Britain and France are not doing anything to prevent Hitler's actions which made the situation worse.
  • Pact of Steel is Signed

    Pact of Steel is Signed
    The Pact of Steel is signed by Italy and Germany. It is said that this agreement was based on an assumption that there would be a war very shortly. This pact promised and tied the German and Italian economic, military and Foreign policies together. Therefore, this event is important because while Britain and France kept appeasing Germany, Hitler was slowly getting prepared for a war.
  • The Non-Aggression Pact is Signed

    The Non-Aggression Pact is Signed
    The Non-Aggression Pact is signed by Germany and Russia. This agreement stated that these two countries would not declare war on each other. Also, Hitler persuaded Joseph Stalin to sign this agreement by promising to give half of Poland if Russia helped Germany invade Poland. This was significant because this pact also shows us that Hitler was getting ready to go to war. He was making allies, and getting ready to also invade Poland.
  • Germany Invades Poland

    Germany Invades Poland
    Germany Invades Poland on September 1st, 1939. On this day, German forces bombed Poland on land and from the air, as Adolf Hitler seeked to regain lost territories and ultimately rule Poland. This event is significant because this was the final event that cause Britain, France, New Zealand and Australia to declare war on Poland. Also, this event again emphasizes Hitler's continuous invasions.
  • Declaration of War on Germany

    Declaration of War on Germany
    After two days, on September 3rd, 1939, Britain, France, New Zealand, and Australia declares war on Germany. Britain and France now realized that all their appeasements were meant nothing. Therefore, before Hitler made further invasions, they declared war. This is significant because after the World War 1, everybody realized the effects of wars. Therefore, they did not want to go to war in any situation. However, by declaring war on Germany, people were disappointed, and they became hopeless.
  • United States of America Proclaims Neutrality

    United States of America Proclaims Neutrality
    United States of America proclaims Neutrality against the war that is declared against Germany. America did not want to be involved in the war because they thought that it just was not their war since it was happening in Europe and involved European countries. Not wanting any damages, they stayed neutral. This is important because if the United States of America got involved in the war, there would hvae been more damages, loss of soldiers and would have made the war bigger.
  • The Fall of France

    The Fall of France
    The War in France was known as the Phony War because even though the war has started, there weren't any actions made. Also, when Germany attacked the capital of France, Paris from both sides, France fell. This event is significant becuase France surrenders by signing an armistice. It was signed in the exact same train as the train that people signed in World War 1. This shows and proves how Hitler wanted world war 1 to have ended. Moreover, this left Britain to fight alone.
  • The Battle of Britain

    The Battle of Britain
    The Battle of Britain started on July 10th, 1940. The war usually happened in the sky, meaning the air force was greatly involved. Also, when Britain attacked a city of Germany, Germany attacked London back. However, this was an advantage for the British because they had a chance to fix their radars and their airplanes. This event is significant because despite the fact that Britain had to fight alone, they won this battle. This gave everyone a hope that they can defeat Hitler.
  • Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Yugoslavia, and Greece Join the Axis Powers

    Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Yugoslavia, and Greece Join the Axis Powers
    Hitler had been planning to invade Russia since the summer of 1940 and he figured that it would be easy for him to create military bases in southeastern Europe and invade the Soviet Union. Yugoslavia and Greece first did not give in, but eventually did. This event is significant because it shows Hitler now betraying his allies and invading them too. Also, by looking at Bulgaria, Romania, and Hungary giving in right away to Hitler, we can see how strong Hitler's power was.
  • Lend-Lease Act is Passed

    Lend-Lease Act is Passed
    Under President Roosevelt's request, the president could now lend or lease arms or supplies to any country vital to the United States. This is important because after passing the Neutrality Act, United States was not making as much profit as before. Therefore, to maintain their profit and to make more, president Roosevelt passed the Lend-Lease Act.
  • Operation Barbarossa is in Action

    Operation Barbarossa is in Action
    Operation Barbarossa was Hitler's plan to invade the Soviet Union. The roar of German tanks and aircrafts announced the start of the invasion. The Soviet Unions were not ready even though they had the biggest army in the world. However, as the Soviets retreated they burned everything in their way, so that the Germans could not use anything. This is important because it really shows Hitler's selfishness and his characteristics. He betrayed his ally and invaded it.
  • United States of America Get Involved in Undeclared War

    United States of America Get Involved in Undeclared War
    On September 4th, 1941, a German U-boat fired a U.S. destroyer in the Atlantic. Therefore, President Roosevelt ordered the navy to shoot German submarines. This event is important because after getting involved in war, the United States of America found out that the attack was actually from Japan. Therefore, United States of America kind of got into a war, they wouldn't have to have gotten in.
  • Hitler Attacks Moscow

    Hitler Attacks Moscow
    After bombing the food storages and seeing Russia not giving in, Hitler decides to attack the captial city of Russia, Moscow. However, the Soviet Union counterattacked and the cold winter forced the Germans to retreat. This is important because Hitler's advance on the Soviet Union gained nothing but the deaths of 500,000 lives.
  • Japan Bombs Pearl Harbor

    Japan Bombs Pearl Harbor
    When the United States of increased their army and moved their army near Pearl Harbor, the Japanese who were near by felt threatened. Therefore, they attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. This is important because the Japanese's assumption caused trouble to the United States and America was mad.
  • United States and Britain declare war on Japan

    United States and Britain declare war on Japan
    Becuase of the bombings on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese, the Americans were pretty upset. Therefore, the next day, the United States of America and Britain declared war on Japan. This is important because as these two countries fight against Japan, there are more damages and another war is being created which makes the situation of the world more devastating.
  • Period: to

    Holocaust Phase 3: Final Solution

    Hitler then again changes his statement into, “THE JEWS HAVE NO RIGHT TO LIVE.” This indicates killing the all the Jews living in Germany. During this phase, citizens of Germany are asked to find the best way to kill a large population of Jews in a short amount of time. When Hitler senses the Allies victories, he forcefully puts all the Jews into death camps where the Jews will all be exterminated. This is important because during this phase, the most amount of Jews were murdered.
  • Japan had built a large empire in the Asia-Pacific Region

    Japan had built a large empire in the Asia-Pacific Region
    By the end of March 1942, Japan had built a lage empire in the Asia-Pacific Region. Japan conquered over approximately 12 countries. This is important because in a short amount of time, Japan took over a lot of countries. This is similar to Hitler taking over a lot of the countries in a short period of time. Therefore, during this time period, people thought that Japan was invincible.
  • Battle of Leyte Gulf

    Battle of Leyte Gulf
    After the Germany's surrend, the Japanese had planned to stop the Allied advance which risked the entire Japanese fleet. However, within 4 days, the Japanese navy had lost disastrously which eliminated it as a fighting force in the war. This battle is significant becuase it showed Japan that it's now probably impossible for them to win this war or advance further.
  • Battle of Stalingrad

    Battle of Stalingrad
    Germans controlled 90 percent of the ruined city and Russian winter set in. November 19, Soviet troops outside the city launched counterattack. This battle is signficant because Allies were able to trap the Germans inside and cut off their supplies. This caused General Paulus to beg Hitler to order retreat. Also, It was a major victory for the Soviet Union and marked the end of the German advance on the Eastern Front.
  • Battle of El Alamein

    Battle of El Alamein
    The Germans had already advanced to an Egyptian village called El Alamein and they had dug in so well that British forces could not go around them.Therefore, Montgomery decided to dislodge them with a massive frontal attack. This is important because 1000 British guns took the Axis soldiers by surprise. They fought fiercely and held their ground for several days which led to the victory of the Allies. By winning, this battle, the Allies were able to remove Germany and push Italy back.
  • Operation Torch in Action

    Operation Torch in Action
    As Rommel retreated west, the Allies launched this operation to take over Morocco and Algeria. This operation was important because Rommel’s Afrika Korps was finally crushed in May 1943 by being caght between Montgomery and Eisenhower’s armies. This helped the Allies to be ready to take Italy. They were pushing up towards Italy.
  • Invasion of Italy

    Invasion of Italy
    As their originally plan, the Allies move up to Italy. Roosevelt and Churchill decide to attack Italy first. This invasion is significant because Mussolini was toppled from power and King was arrested. Italy also surrenders on September 1943.
  • D-Day Invasion

    D-Day Invasion
    D-Day Invasion was planned by General Eisenhower to attack the coast of Normandy with thousand of planes, ships, tanks and landing crafts. The name of this operation was Operation Overload. This Invasion is important because more than 2700 people died that day and by September they were able to liberate France, Belgium and Luxembourg. The Allies were again able to take back France from the Axis Powers.
  • Battle of Bulge

    Battle of Bulge
    As Allied forces moved toward Germany from the west, the Soviet army was now advancing toward Germany from the east. German tanks broke through weak American defenses in the Ardennes. This battle is significant becuase it was the last major Nazi offensive against the Allies. The Allies were caught off guard, but managed to push the Germans back. The Germans had little choice but to retreat, since there were no reinforcements available.
  • Bombing of Okinawa

    Bombing of Okinawa
    April 1st, American troops moved into island of Okinawa which is 350 miles form southern Japan. The Japanese put up a desperate fight but on June 21, the battles of the war ended. This battle caused 100,000 Japanese, and 12,000 Americans to die.This battle is significant because Okinawa was the last island to capture before they could head north and invade the Japanese mainland. It could be used as a staging area to invade Japan.
  • Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

    Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    The USA dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, a Japanese city of nearly 350,000 people. From this attack about 70,000 people died. Three days later, a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki a city of 270,000 people. From this attack, more than 70,000 people were killed. This is significant because these two atomic bombs had caused the Japanese to finally surrender on September 2. Also, by Japan surrendering, the war had ended.