Events Leading To Writing Of The Constitution

  • Proclamation of 1763

    Proclamation of 1763
    It made sure that all of the Indians were under the protection of the King. THe proclamtion that all lands within the "Indian territory" occupied by Englishmen were to be abandoned.
  • The Stamp Act

    The Stamp Act
    An act for granting and applying certain stamp duties, and other duties. The Stamp act was parliaments first serious attemp to assert governmental authority over the colonies
  • The Quatering Act of 1765

    The Quatering Act of 1765
    Parliament enacted them to order local governments of the American colonies to provide the British soldiers with any needed accommodations or housing.
  • The Virginia Stamp Act Resolutions

    The Virginia Stamp Act Resolutions
    Patrick Henry undertook a radical move against the authority of the Parliament. and proceeded to offer a shocking series of resolutions.
  • Declaratory Act

    Declaratory Act
    An act that declared British authority to make and pass laws for the colonies and to extinguish any celebration that would follow the repeal of the Stamp Act
  • Townshend Revenue Act

    Townshend Revenue Act
    Taxes on glass, paint, oil, lead, paper, and tea were applied with the design of raising $40,000 a year for the administration of the of the colonies.
  • Boston Non-Importation Agreement

    Boston Non-Importation Agreement
    Sixty merchants signed the Boston Non-Importation Agreement in oppositon to Parliament's ongoing attempts to levy taxes on the American colonies.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    Street fight that occured between a patriot mob and a squad of Btitish soldiers, The riot began when 50 citizens attacked a british sentinel.
  • The Gaspee Affair

    The Gaspee Affair
    a British customs ship ran aground in Rhode Island and a Sons of Liberty group attacked and set fire to the ship. The British Government threatened to send the American perpetrators for trial in England, but no arrests were made.
  • The Tea Act

    The Tea Act
    Imposed for no new taxes, but was designed to prop up the East India Company which was burdened with eighteen million pounds of unsold tea. This tea was to be shipped directly to the colonies and sold at bargain price.
  • The Boston Tea Party

    The Boston Tea Party
    A political protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston. The demostrators, some disguised as American Indians, destroyed an entire shipment of tea sent by the East India Company, in defiance of the Tea Act.
  • Boston Port Act: "Intolerable Acts"

    Boston Port Act: "Intolerable Acts"
    Outlawed the use of the Port of Boston for "landing and discharging, loading or shipping, of goods, wares, and merchandise"
  • Administration of Justice Act; "Intolerable Act"

    Administration of Justice Act; "Intolerable Act"
    It authorized the governor of Massachusetts to move trials of royal officials accused of committing capital offenses, while performing their official duties, to another colony or to Great Britain, if he believed the accused would not receive a fair trial in Massachusetts.
  • Quartering Act of 1774

    Quartering Act of 1774
  • Quebec Act; "Intolerable Act"

    Quebec Act; "Intolerable Act"
  • Period: to

    The First Continental Congress meets in Philadelphia and issues Declaration and Resolves

  • Battle of Point Pleasant

    Battle of Point Pleasant
  • The Association

    The Association
    A universal prohibition of trade with Great Britain. It prohibited import, consumption, and export of goods with England.
  • Galloway's Plan Rejected

    Galloway's Plan Rejected
    New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey were especially concerned that the Colonies should reconcile with Great Britain. It was rejected by a six to five vote on October 22, 1774
  • Patrick Henry's "Give me liberty or give me death" Speech

    Patrick Henry's "Give me liberty or give me death" Speech
  • The Rides of Paul Revere and William Dawes

    The Rides of Paul Revere and William Dawes
  • Minutemen and redcoats clash at Lexington and Concord

    Minutemen and redcoats clash at Lexington and Concord
  • Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys seize Fort Ticonderoga

    Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys seize Fort Ticonderoga
  • The Second Continental Congress meets in Philadephia

    The Second Continental Congress meets in Philadephia
  • George Washington named Commander in Chief

    George Washington named Commander in Chief
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
  • Washington assumes command of the Continental Army

    Washington assumes command of the Continental Army
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    Ninety Six, SC, Patriots sieged

  • The patriots under Montgomery occupy Monteral in Canada

  • Virginia and NC patriots rout Loyalist troops and burn Norfolk

  • Col. Thomson with 1,500 rangers and militia capture Loyalists at Great Canebrake, SC

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    Snow Campaign, in SC, so-called because patriots are impeded by 15" of snow

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    American forces under Benedict Arnold fail to sieze Quebec

  • Daniel Morgan taken prisoner in attempt to take Quebuec City

  • Washington victorious at Princeton

  • Paine's "Commone Sense" published

  • THe patriots drive the Loyalists from Moore's Creek Bridge, North Carolina

  • The Continental fleet captures New Providence Island in the Bahamas

  • The British evacuate Boston; British Navy moves to Halifax, Canada

  • Patriots fail to take Three Rivers, Quebec

  • The Virginia Declaration of Rights

  • Sullivan's Island, SC, failed British naval attack

  • Patriots decisively defeat the British Navy at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina

  • The First Virginia Constitution

  • At the instigation of British agents, the Cherokee attack along the entire southern frontier

  • Period: to

    Congress debates and revises the Declaration of Independence

  • Congress adopts the Declaration of Independence; its sent to the printer

  • The Declaration of Independence is read publicly

  • Lyndley's Fort, SC, Patriots fend off attack by Indians and Tories dressed as Indians

  • Ambushed by Cherokees, Patriots are saved by a mounted charge at Seneca, SC

  • Delegates begin to sign The Declaration of Independence

  • Tugaloo River, SC, Andrew Pickens defeats Cherokees

  • Andrew Pickens' detachment surrounded by 185 Cherokee Indians, forms a ring and fires outward. It is known as the "Ring Fight."

  • Col. Williamson and Andrew Pickens defeat Cherokee Indians and burn Tamassy, an Indian town

  • Redcoats defeat the George Washington's army in the Battle of Long Island. Washington's army escapes at night.

  • The British occupy New York City

  • Generals George Washington, Nathanael Greene, and Israel Putnam triumphantly hold their ground at the Battle of Harlem Heights

  • Col. Williamson's patriots attacked by Cherokees at Coweecho River, NC

  • Benedict Arnold defeated at the Battle of Valcour Island (Lake Champlain), but delayed British advance

  • The Americans retreat from White Plains, New York. British casualties (~300) higher than American (~200).

  • The Hessians capture Fort Washington, NY

  • Lord Cornwallis captures Fort Lee from Nathanael Greene

  • Washington crosses the Delaware and captures Trenton from Hessians

  • Period: to

    Washington winters in Morristown, NJ

  • Benedict Arnold's troops force a British retreat at Ridgefield, Connecticut.

  • Treaty of DeWitt's Corner, SC: Cherokees lose most of their land east of the mountains

  • Flag Resolution

  • St. Clair surrenders Fort Ticonderoga to the British

  • Lafayette arrives in Philadelphia

  • The Redcoats, with Iroquois support, force the patriots back at Oriskany, NY, but then have to evacuate

  • American Militia under General Stark victorious at the Battle of Bennington, VT (actually fought in Walloomsac, New York, several miles to the west)

  • British withdraw from Fort Stanwix, NY, upon hearing of Benedict Arnold's approach

  • British General Howe lands at Head of Elk, Maryland

  • The British win the Battle of Brandywine, Pennsylvania

  • Rain-out at the Battle of the Clouds, Pennsylvania

  • Burgoyne checked by Americans under Gates at Freeman's Farm, NY. This is part of the "Battles of Saratoga."

  • Paoli Massacre, PA

  • British under Howe occupy Philadelphia

  • Americans driven off at the Battle of Germantown

  • Burgoyne loses second battle of Freeman's Farm, NY (at Bemis Heights). This is part of the "Battles of Saratoga."

  • Burgoyne surrenders to American General Gates at Saratoga, NY

  • Hessian attack on Fort Mercer, NJ repulsed

  • British capture Fort Mifflin, Pennsylvania

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    Americans repulse British at Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania

  • Washington's army retires to winter quarters at Valley Forge

  • The United States and France sign the French Alliance

  • British General William Howe replaced by Henry Clinton

  • Battle of Barren Hill, Pennsylvania. Lafayette with 500 men and about 50 Oneida Indians successfully evade British onslaught

  • British abandon Philadelphia and return to New York

  • Washington's army leaves Valley Forge

  • The Battle of Monmouth Court House ends in a draw

  • George Rogers Clark captures Kaskaskia, a French village south of St. Louis

  • French and American forces besiege Newport, RI

  • The redcoats occupy Savannah

  • Maj. Gen. Moultrie defeats British detachment at Port Royal Island, SC

  • Patriots Andrew Pickens and Elijah Clarke beat Loyalists at Kettle Creek, GA

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    American George Rogers Clark captures Vincennes (in what is now Indiana) on the Wabash in the Western campaign

  • British Lt. Col. Jacques Marcus Prevost defeats Americans under Gen. John Ashe at Brier Creek, GA

  • British Lt. Col. Jacques Marcus Prevost defeats Americans under Gen. John Ashe at Brier Creek, GA

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    Maj. General Augustin Prévost (brother of Jacques, see above) breaks his siege when American forces under Maj. Gen. Lincoln approaches

  • Stono River, SC, Maj. Gen. Lincoln inflicts extensive British casualties in indecisive battle

  • Spain declares war on Great Britain

  • Fairfield, CT, burned by British

  • Norwalk, CT, burned by British

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    American "Mad" Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, NY

  • "Light Horse" Harry Lee attacks Paulus Hook, NJ

  • Newtown, NY, after two massacres, American forces burn Indian villages

  • John Paul Jones, aboard the Bonhomme Richard, captures British man-of-war Serapis near English coast

  • The Tappan Massacre ("No Flint" Grey kills 30 Americans by bayonet)

  • American attempt to recapture Savannah, GA fails

  • British capture Charleston, SC

  • British crush Americans at Waxhaw Creek, SC

  • Patriots rout Tories at Ramseur's Mill, NC

  • French troops arrive at Newport, RI, to aid the American cause

  • Patriots defeat Tories at Hanging Rock, SC

  • British rout Americans at Camden, SC

  • John André arrested, leading to the exposure of Benedict Arnold's plans to cede West Point to the British

  • King's Mountain, SC: battle lasts 65 minutes. American troops led by Isaac Shelby and John Sevier defeat Maj. Patrick Ferguson and one-third of General Cornwallis's army

  • Washington names Nathanael Greene commander of the Southern Army

  • Mutiny of unpaid Pennsylvania soldiers

  • Patriot Morgan overwhelmingly defeats British Col. Tarleton at Cowpens, SC

  • The Battle of Cowan's Ford, Huntersville, NC

  • Articles of Confederation adopted

  • British win costly victory at Guilford Courthouse, NC

  • Greene defeated at Hobkirk's Hill, SC

  • British Major Andrew Maxwell cedes Fort Granby, SC to patriot Lieutenant Colonel Henry Lee

  • Americans recapture Augusta, GA

  • British hold off Americans at Ninety Six, SC

  • "Mad" Anthony Wayne repulsed at Green Springs Farm, VA

  • Greene defeated at Eutaw Springs, SC

  • French fleet drives British naval force from Chesapeake Bay

  • Cornwallis surrounded on land and sea by Americans and French and surrenders at Yorktown, VA

  • Lord North resigns as British prime minister

  • British evacuate Savannah, GA

  • British and Americans sign preliminary Articles of Peace

  • British leave Charleston, SC

  • Congress ratifies preliminary peace treaty

  • The United States and Great Britain sign the Treaty of Paris

  • British troops leave New York City

  • Washington resigns as Commander

  • U.S. Constitution signed