Education in Europe

By Nim
  • 597

    St Augustine arrived in England

  • 598

    First Grammar School established in Canterbury

  • Jan 1, 600

    More Grammar schools established at Dorchester, Winchester, Hexham, Malmesbury, Lichfield, Hereford and Worcester

  • Jan 1, 700

    Venerable Bede :Ecclesiastical History.

  • Jan 1, 776

    Alcuin established school at York.

  • Jan 1, 866

    Viking invasions began

  • Jan 1, 871

    Alfred became king of Wessex and showed 'concern for education'.

  • Mar 10, 925

    Dunstan born.

  • Mar 10, 1016

    Canute became king of England: concerned about the education of poor boys.

  • Mar 10, 1066

    Norman invasion: French replaced English as vernacular medium for teaching Latin.

  • Mar 10, 1096

    Oxford: evidence of teaching.

  • Mar 10, 1209

    Cambridge: scholars arrived from Oxford

  • Mar 10, 1214

    Oxford: post of Chancellor established.

  • Mar 10, 1226

    Cambridge: post of Chancellor established.

  • Mar 10, 1249

    Oxford: University College established, followed by Balliol 1260, Merton 1264.

  • Mar 10, 1382

    Winchester founded: independent school.

  • Mar 10, 1384

    Grammar school opened at Wotton-under-Edge, Gloucestershire: first chantry school.

  • Mar 10, 1440

    Eton founded: independent school.

  • Mar 10, 1486

    Renaissance: Pico della Mirandola's De hominis dignitate.

  • Mar 10, 1509

    Henry VIII became king

  • Mar 10, 1515

    Roger Ascham born (d. 1568): called for greater care and respect for education.

  • Mar 10, 1517

    Reformation: Luther's protest.

  • Mar 10, 1535

    Tyndale's English Bible placed in churches.

  • Mar 10, 1540

    Dissolution of the monasteries.

  • Mar 10, 1541

    Canterbury grammar school refounded.

  • Mar 10, 1562

    Elizabethan Statute of Artificers.

  • Comenius: Didactica magna championed universal education.

  • Samuel Hartlib: A Reformation of Schooles.

  • Restoration of the monarchy: Oxford and Cambridge discriminate against Nonconformists.

  • Dissenting Academies: established to teach law, medicine, commerce, engineering and the arts.

  • Locke: Some Thoughts concerning Education.

  • Charity Schools for the poor.

  • Thomas Braidwood's Academy for the Deaf and Dumb opened in Edinburgh.

  • Industrial Revolution began to create demand for mass education.

  • School of Instruction for the Indigent Blind established in Liverpool.

  • School of industry opened at Kendal. ________________________________________

  • Peel's Factory Act.

  • Parochial Schools Bill: made provision for the education of 'the labouring classes'

  • Mill Hill School: founded by Congregationalists.

  • National Society: CE organisation aimed to provide a school in every parish.

  • British and Foreign School Society: founded by liberal Anglicans, Roman Catholics and Jews as an alternative to the National Society.

  • Robert Owen opened first infant school in New Lanark, Scotland.

  • David Stow founded the Glasgow Normal School.

  • Liverpool Institute opened: other proprietary day schools followed (King's College School 1829, University College School 1830 etc).

  • Universities Act 1825: behaviour of Oxbridge students.

  • Thomas Arnold: head of Rugby School.

  • Representation of the People Act (The Reform Act) gave one million people the right to vote.

  • Government began making annual grants to church schools

  • Home and Colonial Institution (later Society): founded to establish infant schools.

  • Central Society of Education: aimed to keep religion out of schools altogether.

  • Thomas Wyse: Education reform or the necessity of a national system of education

  • Normal School of Design established in London.

  • Education Department established: Sir James Kay-Shuttleworth appointed as first Permanent Secretary

  • Grammar Schools Act 1840: allowed endowment funds to be spent on modern and commercial subjects.

  • Five School Sites Acts passed between 1841 and 1852 facilitated the purchase of land for school buildings and allowed for 'Parliamentary Grants for the Education of the Poor':

  • Cheltenham College established, followed by other boarding schools (Marlborough 1843, Rossall 1844, Radley 1847, Wellington 1853 etc).

  • Governesses' Benevolent Institution: campaigned for better education for girls and women.

  • Committee of Council on Education made grants to schools of industry.

  • Government began making annual grants to Baptist and Congregationalist schools.

  • College of Preceptors.

  • Government began making annual grants to Wesleyan Methodists and the Catholic Poor School Committee.

  • Asylum for Idiots established at Highgate.

  • Woodard Society: provided Anglican boarding schools.

  • Queen's College in Harley Street: for women.

  • Great Exhibition revealed lack of facilities for technical education in England.

  • Cripples Home and Industrial School for Girls founded at Marylebone.

  • Department of Practical Art created under the Board of Trade.

  • Government began making annual grants to Manchester Jewish community school.

  • Edward Thring: head of Uppingham School.

  • Literary and Scientific Institutions Act 1854 (pdf text 487kb) facilitated the establishment of institutions for the promotion of literature, science and the arts.