Eastdale History: 20 Defining Moments in 20 Century Canada

By S_White
  • The Golden Years of Laurier

    The Golden Years of Laurier
    In 1896, Wilfred Laurier and the Liberals had come into power. While they were in charge of Canada, the country was very prosperous. This was called the "Goldcen age of Laurier" and lasted for about fifteen years,
  • Immigration

    Laurier gave the Minister of the Interior, Clinton Sifton, the job of persuading people to come to Canada, and settle in the West. The land in the prairies was ready to be farmed, it just needed people to do so. Sifton and his agents went to the USA, Britain, and other parts of Europe to try and convince people to immigrate to Canada.
  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    At about 10:00PM, Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophia were driving to the town hall in Sarajevo, in a four-car motorcade, when a bomb was thrown at their car. This was the first try at assassinating the Archduke. The group trying to kill them was called the Black Hand. Later, as the motorcade had moved on, a young man by the name of Gavrillo Princip(a Black Hand Member), stepped up to the car and shot Ferdinand and his wife, killing them both.This is said to be a big cause of WWI.
  • Prohibition

    Prohibition was the act of making alcoholic beverages illegal. By 1916, all ov the provinces in Canada were 'dry', except Quebec.('Dry' means to have prohibition). Canadian's voted for Prohibition during WWI because they thought of drinking as unpatriotic. But Prince Edward Island was under Prohibition 13 years before WWI started, they were 'driest' the longest, and lasted until 1948 (47 years!) By 1919, Quebec had passed prohibition, but it didn't even last a year.
  • Conscription (Pt. 1)

    Conscription (Pt. 1)
    Conscription is manditory military serviece. During April and May of 1917, Canada had 23, 939 casualties, and only 11, 790 new volunteers enlisted after that. Canada needed conscription. If we didn't pass it, it would have looked like we were backing out in the middle of the war, meaning we would have been looked upon as 'quitters' and 'chickens' But Prime Minister Borden was reluctant to pass conscription because he recently told Canadians that only volunteers would be enlisted in the military.
  • Conscription (Pt. 2)

    Conscription (Pt. 2)
    The issue of conscription was boycotted by diferent groups also, like French-Canadians, religious groups, organized labour, and farmers. But Borden introduced the Military Service Act, and he also 'fixed' the election, so that conscription could be passed. The Military Service Act was passed in August of 1917, and all single males from 25-35 years of age were enlisted, but only about 24, 000 actually saw combat.
  • The Treaty of Versailles

    The Treaty of Versailles
    The Treaty of Versailles was made up by France, Britain, America, and Canada after World War One. The treaty was to punish Germany for starting the war. It was a harsh treaty. It took away Germany's Military, navy, and made them pay a certain amount of money each year. U.S. President Wilson wanted the treaty to be gentler and more generous, because it wasn't fair that only Germany was blamed for starting the war. Many believed that due to the harshness of the treaty, it helped cause World War II
  • Post-War Canada Changes (After WWI)

    After the war, Canada had made a few changes.The rights and capabilities of women were more recognized, since they had to work in factories while the men were away. We also became had a more booming economy, but not right away. Canada's economy was temperaroly set back after the war while factories were changing from wartime to peacetime. Also, many women lost their jobs as the men came back from the war. But some soldiers also were left with no jobs, because their jobs were taken by others.
  • The Chemist War (Pt. 1)

    The Chemist War (Pt. 1)
    A Man came into the emergency room wiuth a strange illness, and died later on, and similar events happened afterwards. about 60 people were desperatly ill, and eight had died. The illness was most likely caused by bootleg whiskey because it was often produced in hidden stills, and often came tainted with metals, adn other impurities. People were smuggling alcohol and making it secretly because the US government had passed prohibition. But people were drinking anyways, and this greatly(continued)
  • The Chemists War (Pt. 2)

    The Chemists War (Pt. 2)
    frustrated the US Government. People were getting their liquor from Canadians who smuggled it through the boarder. The Us Government eventually decided to put poison in it, and if the people got pouisoned, it was their own fault, not the governments. The Smugglers though, hired chemists to find a way to take the poison out of the alcohol. The US Government ended prohibition in December of 1933, because anti-prohibition legislators pushed for a halt on the leathal chemestry
  • Stock Market Crash

    Stock Market Crash
    October 29th, also known as black thursday, is the dreadful day when the stock market crashed. On that day, the New York Times reported that about 2, 600, 000 shares were sold, to avoid losing everything. Before that day, the Dow Jones was slowly declining, but there was still much confidence in the Stock Market. By Tuesday November 3rd (Black Tuesday) Over 16, 000, 000 shares were traded. By 1933, almost half the banks in the USA had been forced to close.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    The Great Depression happened in the 1930's, after WWI. It was when the economy was at a all time low. There were six major causes of the Great Depression: The Stock Market Crash, too much credit buying, failing farms, over expansion, over production, and too much buying on Margin. The great depression ended when WWII started in 1939.
  • The Praries and Maritimes.

    The Praries and Maritimes.
    One of the major causes of the Great Depression was failing farms. Farms in the prarries, and in the maritimes. These two areas suffered greatly during the depression. The Farms out west were failing because of drought, grasshoppers eating crops, and wildfires. The Maritimes weren't able to produce enough pulp and paper, and couldn't catch enough fish.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    The bombing on Pearl Harbor was an attack planed by the Japanese, to hurt the USA. Many people died that day, from both sides (2402 American's and 64 Japanese). The event also left many wounded. There were things that the USA could have done to prevent the bombing though. They could have relayed the intercepted messages from the Japanese, and taken them seriously, and noted the radio silence. Many ships were also destroyed too during the bombing. Mainly because they were all close together.
  • Japanese Internment in Canada

    Japanese Internment in Canada
    After Pearl Harbor, Canadians were afraid that the Japanese might turn on them too. So to prevent this, Canadians took all Japanese-Canadians from their homes, and put them in internment camps in British Columbia. They were peaceful, unlike the camps in Poland and Germany, though, there was little food. But while the Japanese were in these camps, all of their posesions and homes were sold by the Canadian Government. Their things were sold to pay for sending them to the camps
  • Medicare in Canada

    Medicare in  Canada
    Medicare is a healthcare system administered by the Government. And since 1968, every Canadian has had the right to basic healthcare. This system was created by the 1944 CFF party leader, Tommy Douglas. He won the honor of Greatest Canadian of the Century in 2000, and is called "The father of Medicare". There are 4 basic principles: 1. It covers all medical treatments 2. Everyone has equal access to care 3. Service continues with Province-Province moves, and 4. Plan administered by Governments
  • Normandy Invasion

    Normandy Invasion
    The Invasion of Normandy was an attack planned by the Allied Forces to take back part of France from Germany. Each country had different beaches that they were sent to attack. Canada had Juno beach, The Americans had Utah and Omaha, and the British had Sword and Gold. There were millions of mines on these beaches planted by the Germans to slow down the Allies. The Americans were led by General Eisenhower. In the end, the Allies won the battle.
  • Hiroshima & Nagasaki

    Hiroshima & Nagasaki
    In 1945, the United states decided to bomb Japan, after fire-bombing 67 Japanese cities six months before. The USA allied with the UK and China, called for Japan to surrender, but they ignored it. The first Bomb was dropped on the 6th of August, in 1945 in Hiroshima. the second was dropped 3 days later in Nadasaki. The bombs were the first and only atomic bombs dropped. They were named "Little Boy" and "Fat Man". In Hiroshima, over 90, 000 people died, and in Nagasaki, over 60, 000.
  • The Quiet Revolution

    The Quiet Revolution
    The Quiet Revolution was the when the French-Canadians in Quebec stood up for themselves, and fought to be equal to English-Canadians. The French-Canadians had pooor education, low-paying jobs, English run businesses, and etc. It was tough for them. Until Jean Lessage was elected to be the primier of Quebec. He had planned to change things, and make life for French-Canadians better. He gave the French-Canadians money to start businesses, better schools, tax breaks, and brought in doctors.