Austrilopithesus AfarensisAustrilopithesus Afarensis, "Lucy" and her relatives, lived 3 to 4 million years ago in Africa. They were 3 feet tall and had long arms, small brains, large heads, protruding jaws and foreheads. They had no tools and could gather/carry items on two feet.
Homo habilisHomo Habilis or "Handy Man" lived 1.5 to 2 million in Africa. Their average height was four feet tall. They had human like features and their brains were twice as large as Lucy's. They made tools from stone and animal bones and could dig. They also lived in groups and were able to make traps for animals. This was very important because Lucy's species would die faster than Handy Mans' because they could not make tools and dig.
Homo ErectusHome Erectus, or "Upright Man," was alive from 2 to 1.8 thousand BCE. They migrated out of Africa into Europe and Asia. They had human like features, could walk upright and were five feet tall. Their greatest tool was fire. Fire made their tools stronger and more deadly. They could also cook and build shelters unlike the people who came before them.
Homo Sapiens NeanderthalensisHomo Sapiens Neanderthalensis, or "Neanderthals," lived 23,000 - 30,000 years ago in Africa, near Eastern Europe, Germany and Asia. They were five and a half feet tall and had large brains. Archeologists found over 60 types of tools. The Neanderthals capabilities were to make better tools, run, make burial mounds and hunt. Having burial grounds shows archeologists that they had a sense of community.
Homo Sapiens SapiensHomo Sapiens Sapiens, or "Early Modern Humans," lived from 35,000 to 12,000 BCE. Their bones were found in Africa, Europe, Asia, Australia, North and South America. They were six feet tall, had rounded skulls, small teeth and bones and large brains. They were able to attach blades to bones, they were also able to make bone needles, hooks, bows and arrows, and spear throwers. They could build homes, hunt fish, and engrave in, and paint on stone. All these traits show evolution of our species.