St. Augustine, Florida is the oldest permanent settlement established in the United States by Europeans. It was founded in 1565 by a spanish explorer, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés.
Roanoke (Lost Colony)
Lost Colony is the name given to a settlement established in 1587 on Roanoke Island, off the coast of what is now North Carolina. The colony is called lost because no one knows what happened to its people or where they went. They were sent to the island in 1585.
New Netherland was a region in America claimed by the Dutch in the early 1600's. It included parts of what are now Connecticut, Delaware, New Jersey, and New York.
Jamestown was the first permenent English settlement in North America. They left London and after 4 months, they landed in Chesapeake Bay in what is now Virginia.
Plymouth was the second permanent English settlement in America. They became known as Pilgrims because of their wanderings in search of the freedom to practice their particular interpretation of Protestantism.
New Sweden was the only Swedish colony in America. It extended along the Delaware River from the mouth of Delaware Bay to about what is now Trenton, New Jersey.
William Penn was a famous English Quaker who founded Pennsylvania. The Quakers, or Friends, were often treated harshly in England. They wanted the right to follow their religious beliefs without scorn or fear of violence.
Williamsburg was the capital of the Virginia Colony from 1699 to 1776 and of the Commonwealth of Virginia from 1776 to 1780.