Dolores Huerta

Timeline created by d_smith
  • Dolores Huerta is born

    Dolores Huerta was born on April 10, 1930 in Dawson, New Mexico.
  • Huerta begins her career as an activist

    Huerta begins her career as an activist
    In 1955, Huerta helped to create the Stockton Chapter of the Community Service Organization, an organization which fought for economic improvements for Hispanics.
  • Huerta creates the AWA

    In 1960, Huerta created the Agricultural Workers Association (AWA) to help further her cause of gaining rights for farm workers, which included allowing migrant workers without U.S. citizenship to receive public assistance and pensions and creating Spanish-language voting ballots and driver's tests. It was through her work with the AWA that she met Cesar Chavez.
  • Huerta and Chavez create the NFWA

    Huerta and Chavez create the NFWA
    In 1962, Huerta and Chavez founded the National Farm Workers' Association, which was the predecessor for the United Farm Workers. The two worked together as a team, with Chavez as the leader and speaker and Huerta serving as the negotiator and organizer.
  • Huerta and Chavez form the UFW

    Huerta and Chavez form the UFW
    In 1965, Huerta and Chavez changed the NFWA to the United Farm Workers (UFW). Huerta was the Vice President.
  • Huerta helps create the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee

    Huerta helps create the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee
    The UFW and AWA combined to form the United Farm Workers Organizing Committee. Through this organization, Huerta fought for fair contracts for workers and increased the number of available jobs. She also fought against the use of harmful pesticides and for unemployment and healthcare benefits for agricultural workers.
  • Huerta helps to organize the Second Grape Strike

    Huerta helps to organize the Second Grape Strike
    Once again, through the UFW, Huerta led rallies, marches, and boycotts to protest the unfair treatment of agricultural workers on grape farms in California, specifically their inability to choose their own union.
  • California Agricultural Labor Relations Act is signed

    California Agricultural Labor Relations Act is signed
    Huerta worked with the UFW to convince Governor Jerry Brown to pass the California Agricultural Labor Relations Act of 1975. This act allowed farm workers to form unions and bargain for better wages and working conditions.
  • Huerta is inducted into the Women's Hall of Fame

    Huerta is inducted into the Women's Hall of Fame
    In 1993, Huerta was honored by being inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame.
  • Huerta resigns as Vice President of UFW

    Huerta resigns as Vice President of UFW
    In 1999, Huerta stepped down from her position at the UFW. However, her work to improve the lives of workers, immigrants, and women.
  • Dolores receives the Medal of Freedom

    Dolores receives the Medal of Freedom
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    Childhood

    Dolores grew up in Stockton, California with her mother, grandfather, and two brothers. Because of her ethnicity, Dolores faced racism growing up, including being accused of stealing by a teacher as well as witnessing violence against one her brothers.
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    Early Career

    Huerta graduated with an associate teaching degree from Pacific's Delta Community College in the early 1950s. As an elementary school teacher, Huerta taught a lot of children of farm workers and saw the poverty and hunger that they experienced. Because of this, Huerta resigned from teaching in order to do something that she felt would be more impactful.
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    The 1965 Delano Grape Strike

    Huerta helped to organize the strike of over 5,000 grape workers for wages equal to the federal minimum wage, and the following boycott of the wine company. They used strategies such as boycotts, rallies, marches, and nonviolent resistance. This movement gained national attention for the issues that farm workers faced. They eventually reached a bargaining agreement in 1970.
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    Second Grape Strike

    After the contracts from the original grape strike expired, the grape growers began to abuse their power over the farm workers, leading to the second strike organized by the UFW. It ended with the signing of the California Agricultural Labor Relations Act of 1975.
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    Huerta continues to lobby for the rights of farm workers

    Throughout the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, Huerta worked as a lobbyist through her position at the UFW to improve workers' legislation representation.
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    Huerta continues her work today...

    Today, Huerta remains active as a board member of the Feminist Majority Foundation, the Secretary-Treasurer Emeritus of the United Farm Workers of America, and the President of the Dolores Huerta Foundation.