Development of Computer Technolgy and Artificial Intelligence

Timeline created by jeremyjirsa
  • HP is Founded

    1939 Hewlett-Packard is Founded. David Packard and Bill Hewlett found Hewlett-Packard in a Palo Alto, California garage. Their first product was the HP 200A Audio Oscillator, which rapidly becomes a popular piece of test equipment for engineers. Walt Disney Pictures ordered eight of the 200B model to use as sound effects generators for the 1940 movie “Fantasia.” (Computer history museum)
  • the first calculator

    the first calculator
    In 1940 the first calculator or complex number calculator is finished by bell laboratories as it was designed by George Stibitz. ”Computer history museum”
    Stibitz stunned the group by performing calculations remotely on the CNC (located in New York City) using a Teletype connected via special telephone lines. This is considered to be the first demonstration of remote access computing. (Computer history museum)
  • The Z3 Computer

    The Z3 Computer
    1941 the Z3 computer is finished by Konard Zuse. He was a German engineer working in complete isolation from the world. The original Z3 had been destroyed in the bombing of Berlin in 1943 but was reconstructed in the 60s. the reconstruction is on display at the Deutsches Museum in Berlin. (Computer history museum)
  • The Bombe

    The Bombe
    Also in 1941 the Bombe is created which is based off of the Bomba. This was used to decode Nazi communications during WWII. (Computer history museum)
  • First outline of a Stored progam computer

    John von Neumann wrote "First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC" in which he outlined the architecture of a stored-program computer. Electronic storage of programming information and data eliminated the need for the more clumsy methods of programming, such as punched paper tape — a concept that has characterized mainstream computer development since 1945. (computer history museum)
  • Plan Calculus

    Konrad Zuse started his work on plan calculus which became the first algrithmic programming language. (computer history museum)
  • Cybernetics

    Norbert Wiener published his book "Cybernetics" which went on to become a major influence in the AI field. In addition to "cybernetics," historians note Wiener for his analysis of brain waves and for his exploration of the similarities between the human brain and the modern computing machine capable of memory association, choice, and decision making. (computer history museum)
  • MIT in the factory

    MIT in the factory
    MIT demonstrates an attempt at computer assisted manufacturing and succeeds. Their progamed milling machine went on to produce an ashtray for everyone in attendence.(computer history museum)
  • General Motors

    General Motors
    GM employes the first industrial robot. Obeying commands on a magnetic drum the machine stacked hot pieces of die-cast metal. (computer history museum)
  • Unimation

    Unimation was founded in 1962 which is the first industrial robot company. (exact date not specified)
  • Robotic limbs

    Robotic limbs
    At Los Amigos Hospital, located in Downey CA, researchers created a robotic limb controled by a computer for the aid of the handicapped. (computer history museum)
  • Computers Understand

    1964-Danny Bobrow proves computers can understand our language so well that they can solve algebra word problems accurately.
  • Dendral

    "A Stanford team led by Ed Feigenbaum created DENDRAL, the first expert system, or program designed to execute the accumulated expertise of specialists. DENDRAL applied a battery of "if-then" rules in chemistry and physics to identify the molecular structure of organic compounds." (computer history museum)
  • Period: to

    Crossing a Room

    Stanford Cart in development from 1967 crossed a room without human intervention in 1979."computer history museum"
  • Tentacle Arm!

    Tentacle Arm!
    The tentacle Arm was created my Marvin Minsky. With the movement of an octopus, the arm was powered by hydraulic fluids, had twelve joints, and controlled by a PDP-6 computer. (computer history museum)
  • Electronic Limb

    Electronic Limb
    Victor Scheinman's Stanford Arm broke ground by becoming the first electronically powered computer controlled robotic limb. (computer history museum)
  • Robot with a mind of its own

    Robot with a mind of its own
    "SRI International´s Shakey became the first mobile robot controlled by artificial intelligence. Equipped with sensing devices and driven by a problem-solving program called STRIPS, the robot found its way around the halls of SRI by applying information about its environment to a route. Shakey used a TV camera, laser range finder, and bump sensors to collect data, which it then transmitted to a DEC PDP-10 and PDP-15. The computer radioed back commands to Shakey" (computer history museum)
  • silver arm

    silver arm
    A robotic arm designed by David Silver to do small parts assembly. using feedback from touch and pressure sensors, the arm's five movements corresponded to those of the human fingers. (computer history museum)
  • Soft gripper

    Soft gripper
    Shigeo Hirose creates soft grip which allows the grip of the robot to conform to any shape and grasp objects such as wine glasses, vases, etc. (computer history museum)
  • Representation of gene cloning

    1978- representation of gene cloning experiment by Mark Stefik and Peter Friedland
  • Speak & Spell

    Speak & Spell
    TI introduces Speak and Spell. Introducing electronic replication of human vocal ablilities. (computer history museum)
  • AAAI at Stanford

    AAAI at Stanford
    1980- the American Association of Artificial Intelligence holds their first conference at Stanford
  • Autonomous Land Vehicle

    1989- Dean Pomerleau creates An Autonomous Land Vehicle in a Neural Network, which drove a car “coast-to-coast under computer control for all but about 50 of the 2850 miles” (Bruce Buchanan)
  • Period: to

    General Advancements in the 90's

    machine learning
    intelligent tutoring
    case-based reasoning,
    multi-agent planning
    uncertain reasoning
    data mining
    natural language understanding and translation
    virtual reality
  • Robo Soccer

    Robo Soccer
    1997- First official Robo-Cup soccer match with 40 teams of interacting robots and over 5000 spectators