Rainbow legs

Dance Timeline

  • Period: 500 to May 1, 1400

    Medieval Period

    -In most of Europe, the church saw dance as a pagan activity
    -Dance was banned unless it glorified the church
    -The Dance of Death emerged when the Black Plague broke loose
    -In Islamic lands dance was done for rituals and entertainment purposes
  • Period: May 1, 1200 to

    Renaissance Period

    -A renewed interest in the arts developed
    -Dance became more about the individual artist
    -Court ballets flourished & folk dancing remained popular with the working class
    -ballet emerged as a professional art form
  • 17th century:1600s

    17th century:1600s
    -Slaves brought Jazz from Africa to America
  • 18th century: 1700s

    18th century: 1700s
    -musical theater was popular in other countries.
    -The ballet aesthetic changed; The meaning/message that movements depicted were the most important element of dance.
    -There were rivalries between leading female dancers.
  • 19th century: 1800s

    19th century: 1800s
    -"Romantic" ballet was produced
    -Romantic ballets were characterized by their use of mythical characters&places which created wonder&excitement for audiences
    -They had a plot centered on a love triangle story
    -Dramatic action of the characters was very emotional
    -characters were realistic/human
  • 1860s

    -Dancer's shoes were reinforced to facilitate the skill of rising onto the tips of their toes
  • late 1800s

    late 1800s
    -"classical" ballet was produced
    -aerial work, pointework, turns,&leg beats increased
    -The "tutu" was discovered for audiences to easily see the advances in technique for female dancers
    -Modern dance began
  • Isadora Duncan

    Isadora Duncan
    -Known as the Mother of Modern Dance
    -She was the first dancer to present "modern dance" to public
  • Ruth St. Dennis & Ted Shawn

    Ruth St. Dennis & Ted Shawn
    • They were two dancers who married and formed a school called Denishaw
  • early 1900s

    early 1900s
    -"contemporary" ballet evolved in Russia
    -Michel Fokine created contemporary ballet
  • Martha Graham, Doris Humphrey, & Charles Weidman

    Martha Graham, Doris Humphrey, & Charles Weidman
    • known as the pioneers of modern dance -Martha used a contract&release technique -Doris&Humphrey used a fall and recovery technique
  • "Bo Jangles"

    "Bo Jangles"
    -Bill 'Bo Jangles' Robinson was a tap dance legend
    -He created light tap sounds by staying on the balls of his feet
  • Jose Limon

    Jose Limon
    -Jose used a balance, speed, and control technique
  • Jazz

    -Jazz music emerged
    -It was a combination of ragtime & the blues
  • 1920s

    -Earl Tucker ('Snake Hips') was a performer at Cotton Club during the days of Duke Ellington; waving, floats & back slides
  • Period: to

    Harlem Renaissance

    -The Harlem Renaissance was a significant time period
    -Exclusive clubs opened, such as the Charleston and Black Bottom
  • Erick Hawkins

    Erick Hawkins
    -Erick used a ease and free flow movement technique
  • Seymour Felix

    Seymour Felix
    -Seymour Felix introduced important aspects of musical theater
  • Busby Berkley

    Busby Berkley
    -Busby Berkley was a film director and choreographer who used hundreds of dancers, elaborate sets, and imaginative choreography
  • 1940s

    -Thomas Wong used a booming sound system & american records to steal crowds
  • Eleanor Powell

    Eleanor Powell
    -She was known for a tap style that included acrobatic movements, balletic rhythms, and series of rapid turns
  • Fred Astaire

    Fred Astaire
    -He added easygoing sauveness to highly rhythmic footwork and perfect musicality
  • Bob Fosse

    Bob Fosse
    -He earned 8 Tony Awards for his broadway choreography
  • George Balanchine: 1900s

    George Balanchine: 1900s
    -student of the Russian Imperial School of Ballet.
    -He was the cofounder of the school of American Ballet
    -He was the artistic director for the New York City Ballet.
  • Sound Clash

    Sound Clash
    -Competition btween major djs leads to the "Sound Clash"
  • 1950s

    -Post modern dance begins
  • Period: to

    post modern

    -"Post Modern" choreographers/ active people wanted to reduce dance to its simplest form & to examine what they thought dance really was
  • Ginger Rogers

    Ginger Rogers
    -Ginger Developed a dance that combined tap & ballroom
  • Gene Kelly

    Gene Kelly
    -Distinguished himself by performing in tap and jazz styles
  • Merce Cunningham

    Merce Cunningham
    -He was the 1st choreographer to emerge from using traditional modern dance
    -He developed concepts called "movement for mevment's sake" & "chance dance"
  • Clive Campbell

    Clive Campbell
    -Clive Cambell ('DJ Kool Herc") was born in Kingston Jamaica & eventually known as the father of hip hop culture
  • 1960s

    -Television aired jazz dances for the public to view
  • "Break Beat"

    "Break Beat"
    -James Brown records "Live at the Apollo(Album)" features new drum sound known as "break beat"
  • Alvin Ailey

    Alvin Ailey
    -He was a choreographer who was concerned with making dances that entertained people while they were watching
  • "DJ Kool Herc" & "Rubber Band"

    "DJ Kool Herc" & "Rubber Band"
    -Clive Campbell migrates to the Bronx & because of his size & him working out, other kids called him Hercules, & later he changed his name to Kool Herc
    -A man, "Rubber Band", brought gang dance to NYC discos & "rockin' "was born
  • "Campbellocking"

    -Don Campbellock accidentally makes a dance called "campbellocking". It eventually featured on Soul Train and took the world by storm.
  • Soul Train

    Soul Train
    -Soul Train takes off on t.v.
  • "B-boys"

    -Young people dancing at Kool Herc's parties were called "b-boys"
  • "Rappers Delight"

    "Rappers Delight"
    -"Rappers Delight" by the Sugarhill gang was the first rap hit recorded
  • "Beat Street" & "Breakin"

    "Beat Street" & "Breakin"
    -The movies " Beat Street" & "Breakin" were released
    -Tours began all over the world & in France the two tours clashed
  • B-boys & Boogie Boys

    B-boys & Boogie Boys
    -Groups of b-boys & boogie boys hold down breaking in the streets of NYC
  • Primitive Period

    -Dance was used as a means of communication.
    -People did dance rituals to worship & appease the gods.
    -Dance rituals were done at special occasions(birth/marraige/death).
    -Many dance rituals focused on fertility and having an abundant harvest.
    -Movements were imitative (of nature and animals) and very basic.
  • Period: to 200

    Ancient Period

    -The aesthetics of dance were more developed
    -Movement choices represent certain themes
    -The height of the Ancient period was when the quest for art & beautywas priority
    -Many Greek dances developed out of religious rituals
    -Dances combined movement, music, and poetry and were often participatory
    -Dance was often found in the popular Greek Theatre
    -Dances of India were religious dances
    -Evidence of dance in China dates back to 200 & 8th century China influenced all dance that was to follow
  • Today

    -There are no rules/regulations, just an underlying freedom to create in whatever way one wishes