Computer History Timeline-Mariana,Munoz

  • Period: Sep 13, 700 to

    Computer History Timeline-Mariana,Munoz

  • Sep 13, 724

    Liang Ling-Can:invents the first fully mechanichal clock.

    Liang Ling-Can:invents the first fully mechanichal clock.
    Liang Ling-Can invents the first fully mechanical clock
  • Sep 13, 1492

    Leonardo da VinciDrawings by Leonardo da Vinci depict inventions such as flying machines, including a helicopter, the first mechanical calculator and one of the first programmable robots

    Leonardo da VinciDrawings by Leonardo da Vinci depict inventions such as flying machines, including a helicopter, the first mechanical calculator and one of the first programmable robots
  • John Napier: John Napier invents a system of moveable rods (Napier's Rods) based on logarithms which was able to multiply, divide and calculate square and cube roots

    John Napier: John Napier invents a system of moveable rods (Napier's Rods) based on logarithms which was able to multiply, divide and calculate square and cube roots
  • William Oughtred: William Oughtred develops slide rules

    William Oughtred: William Oughtred develops slide rules
  • Calculating Clock: Invented by Wilhelm Schickard

    Calculating Clock: Invented by Wilhelm Schickard
  • Blaise Pascal: Blaise Pascal invents the the "Pascaline", a mechanical adding machine

    Blaise Pascal: Blaise Pascal invents the the "Pascaline", a mechanical adding machine
  • Gottfried Leibniz: Gottfried Leibniz is known as one of the founding fathers of calculus

    Gottfried Leibniz: Gottfried Leibniz is known as one of the founding fathers of calculus
  • Joseph-Marie Jacquard: Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents an automatic loom controlled by punched cards

    Joseph-Marie Jacquard: Joseph-Marie Jacquard invents an automatic loom controlled by punched cards
  • Arithmometer: The Arithmometer was the first mass-produced calculator invented by Charles Xavier Thomas de Colmar

    Arithmometer: The Arithmometer was the first mass-produced calculator invented by Charles Xavier Thomas de Colmar
  • Charles Babbage: Charles Babbage designs his first mechanical computer

    Charles Babbage: Charles Babbage designs his first mechanical computer
  • Analytical Engine: The Analytical Engine was invented by Charles Babbage

    Analytical Engine: The Analytical Engine was invented by Charles Babbage
  • Morse code: Samuel Morse invents Morse code

    Morse code: Samuel Morse invents Morse code
  • Boolean algebra: Boolean algebra is invented by George Boole

    Boolean algebra: Boolean algebra is invented by George Boole
  • Tabulating Machine: Per Georg Scheutz and his son Edvard invent the Tabulating Machine

    Tabulating Machine: Per Georg Scheutz and his son Edvard invent the Tabulating Machine
  • William Stanley Jevons: William Stanley Jevons designs a practical logic machine

    William Stanley Jevons: William Stanley Jevons designs a practical logic machine
  • Ramon Verea: Ramon Verea invents a fast calculator with an internal multiplication table

    Ramon Verea: Ramon Verea invents a fast calculator with an internal multiplication table
  • Alexander Graham Bell: Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone called the Photophone

    Alexander Graham Bell: Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone called the Photophone
  • Comptometer: The Comptometer is an invention of Dorr E. Felt which is operated by pressing keys

    Comptometer: The Comptometer is an invention of Dorr E. Felt which is operated by pressing keys
  • Herman Hollerith: Herman Hollerith invents a counting machine which increment mechanical counters

    Herman Hollerith: Herman Hollerith invents a counting machine which  increment mechanical counters
  • Guglielmo Marconi: Radio signals were invented by Guglielmo Marconi

    Guglielmo Marconi: Radio signals were invented by Guglielmo Marconi
  • Tabulating Machine Company: Herman Hollerith forms the Tabulating Machine Company which later becomes IBM

    Tabulating Machine Company:  Herman Hollerith forms the Tabulating Machine Company which later becomes IBM
  • Nikola Tesla: Remote control was invented by Nikola Tesla

    Nikola Tesla: Remote control was invented by  Nikola Tesla
  • Lee De Forest: Lee De Forest invents the electronic tube

    Lee De Forest: Lee De Forest invents the electronic tube
  • IBM: IBM is formed on June 15, 1911

    IBM: IBM is formed on June 15, 1911
  • Philo Farnsworth: Television Electronic was invented by Philo Farnsworth

    Philo Farnsworth: Television Electronic was invented by  Philo Farnsworth
  • John Logie Baird: Electro Mechanical television system was invented by John Logie Baird

    John Logie Baird:  Electro Mechanical television system was invented by John Logie Baird
  • Vannevar Bush: Vannevar Bush develops a partly electronic Difference Engine

    Vannevar Bush: Vannevar Bush develops a partly electronic Difference Engine
  • Kurt Godel: Kurt Godel publishes a paper on the use of a universal formal language

    Kurt Godel:  Kurt Godel publishes a paper on the use of a universal formal language
  • Alan Turing: Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine

    Alan Turing: Alan Turing develops the concept of a theoretical computing machine
  • Konrad Zuse: Konrad Zuse creates the Z1 Computer a binary digital computer using punch tape

    Konrad Zuse: Konrad Zuse creates the Z1 Computer a binary digital computer using punch tape
  • George Stibitz: George Stibitz develops the Complex Number Calculator - a foundation for digital computers

    George Stibitz: George Stibitz develops the Complex Number Calculator - a foundation for digital computers
  • Hewlett Packard: William Hewlett and David Packard start Hewlett Packard

    Hewlett Packard:  William Hewlett and David Packard start Hewlett Packard
  • John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry: John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry develop the ABC (Atanasoft-Berry Computer) prototype

    John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry: John Vincent Atanasoff and Clifford Berry develop the  ABC (Atanasoft-Berry Computer) prototype
  • Enigma: Adolf Hitler uses the Enigma encryption machine

    Enigma: Adolf Hitler uses the Enigma encryption machine
  • Colossus: Alan Turing develops the the code-breaking machine Colossus

    Colossus: Alan Turing develops the the code-breaking machine Colossus
  • Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper: Howard Aiken and Grace Hopper designed the MARK series of computers at Harvard University

    Howard Aiken & Grace Hopper: Howard Aiken and Grace Hopper designed the MARK series of computers at Harvard University
  • ENIAC: John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly: John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly develop the ENIAC ( Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer)

    ENIAC: John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly: John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly develop the ENIAC ( Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer)
  • Computer Bug: The term computer ‘bug’ as computer bug was first used by Grace Hopper

    Computer Bug: The term computer ‘bug’ as computer bug was first used by Grace Hopper
  • F.C. Williams: F.C. Williams develops his cathode-ray tube (CRT) storing device the forerunner to random-access memory (RAM)

    F.C. Williams: F.C. Williams develops his cathode-ray tube (CRT) storing device the forerunner to  random-access memory (RAM)
  • Pilot ACE: Donald Watts Davies joins Alan Turing to build the fastest digital computer in England at the time, the Pilot ACE

    Pilot ACE: Donald Watts Davies joins Alan Turing to build the fastest digital computer in England at the time, the Pilot ACE
  • William Shockley: William Shockley invents the transistor at Bell Labs

    William Shockley: William Shockley invents the transistor at Bell Labs
  • Douglas Engelbart: Douglas Engelbart theorises on interactive computing with keyboard and screen display instead of on punchcards

    Douglas Engelbart: Douglas Engelbart theorises on interactive computing with keyboard and screen display instead of on punchcards
  • Andrew Donald Booth: Andrew Donald Booth invents magnetic drum memory

    Andrew Donald Booth: Andrew Donald Booth invents magnetic drum memory
  • Frederic Calland Williams & Tom Kilburn: Frederic Calland Williams & Tom Kilburn develop the SSEM "Small Scale Experimental Machine" digital CRT storage which was soon nicknamed the "Baby"

    Frederic Calland Williams  & Tom Kilburn: Frederic Calland Williams  & Tom Kilburn develop the SSEM "Small Scale Experimental Machine" digital CRT storage which was soon nicknamed the "Baby"
  • Claude Shannon: Claude Shannon builds the first machine that plays chess

    Claude Shannon: Claude Shannon builds the first machine that plays chess
  • Howard Aiken: Howard Aiken develops the Harvard-MARK III

    Howard Aiken: Howard Aiken develops the Harvard-MARK III
  • Hideo Yamachito: The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito

    Hideo Yamachito: The first electronic computer is created in Japan by Hideo Yamachito
  • Alan Turing: Alan Turing publishes his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence which helps create the Turing Test.

    Alan Turing: Alan Turing publishes his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence which helps create the Turing Test.
  • LEO: T. Raymond Thompson and John Simmons develop the first business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) at Lyons Co

    LEO:  T. Raymond Thompson and  John Simmons develop the first business computer, the Lyons Electronic Office (LEO) at Lyons Co
  • UNIVAC: UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) was introduced - the first commercial computer made in the United States and designed principally by John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly

    UNIVAC: UNIVAC I (UNIVersal Automatic Computer I) was introduced -  the first commercial computer made in the United States and designed principally by John Presper Eckert & John W. Mauchly
  • EDVAC: The EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) begins performing basic tasks. Unlike the ENIAC, it was binary rather than decimal

    EDVAC: The EDVAC (Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer) begins performing basic tasks. Unlike the ENIAC, it was binary rather than decimal
  • The IBM 701 becomes available and a total of 19 are sold to the scientific community.

    The IBM 701 becomes available and a total of 19 are sold to the scientific community.
  • John Backus & IBM: John Backus & IBM develop the FORTRAN Computer Programming Language

    John Backus & IBM: John Backus & IBM develop the FORTRAN Computer Programming Language
  • Bell Labs introduces its first transistor computer

    Bell Labs introduces its first transistor computer
  • Optical fiber was invented by Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss

    Optical fiber was invented by  Basil Hirschowitz, C. Wilbur Peters, and Lawrence E. Curtiss
  • Sputnik I and Sputnik II: Sputnik I and Sputnik II are launched by the Russians

    Sputnik I and Sputnik II: Sputnik I and Sputnik II are launched by the Russians
  • ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) and NASA is formed

    ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) and NASA is formed
  • Silicon chip: The first integrated circuit, or silicon chip, is produced by the US Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce

    Silicon chip: The first integrated circuit, or silicon chip, is produced by the US Jack Kilby & Robert Noyce
  • Paul Baran: Paul Baran theorises on the "survivability of communication systems under nuclear attack", digital technology and symbiosis between humans and machines

    Paul Baran: Paul Baran theorises on the "survivability of communication systems under nuclear attack", digital technology and symbiosis between humans and machines
  • COBOL: The Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) programming language is invented.

    COBOL: The Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL) programming language is invented.
  • Unimate: General Motors puts the first industrial robot, Unimate, to work in a New Jersey factory.

    Unimate: General Motors puts the first industrial robot, Unimate, to work in a New Jersey factory.
  • The first computer game: The first computer game Spacewar Computer Game invented BY Steve Russell & MIT

    The first computer game:  The first computer game Spacewar Computer Game invented BY Steve Russell & MIT
  • The Computer Mouse: Douglas Engelbart invents and patents the first computer mouse (nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end)

    The Computer Mouse: Douglas Engelbart invents and patents the first computer mouse (nicknamed the mouse because the tail came out the end)
  • The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is developed to standardize data exchange among computers

    The American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) is developed to standardize data exchange among computers
  • Word processor: IBM introduces the first word processor

    Word processor: IBM introduces the first word processor
  • Gary Starkweather: Gary Starkweather invents the laser printer whilst working with Xerox

    Gary Starkweather: Gary Starkweather invents the laser printer whilst working with Xerox
  • ARPANET: The U.S. Department of Defense sets up the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET ) this network was the first building blocks to what the internet is today but originally with the intention of creating a computer network that could

    ARPANET:  The U.S. Department of Defense sets up the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET ) this network was the first building blocks to what the internet is today but originally with the intention of creating a computer network that could
  • RAM: Intel introduces the world's first available dynamic RAM ( random-access memory) chip and the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004.

    RAM: Intel  introduces the world's first available dynamic RAM ( random-access memory) chip and the first microprocessor, the Intel 4004.
  • E-mail: E-mail was invented by Ray Tomlinson

    E-mail: E-mail was invented by  Ray Tomlinson
  • Liquid Crystal Display ( LCD ): Liquid Crystal Display ( LCD ) was invented by James Fergason

    Liquid Crystal Display ( LCD ): Liquid Crystal Display ( LCD ) was invented by  James Fergason
  • Pocket calculator: Pocket calculator was invented by Sharp Corporation

    Pocket calculator: Pocket calculator was invented by Sharp Corporation
  • Floppy Disk: Floppy Disk was invented by David Noble with IBM - Nicknamed the "Floppy" for its flexibility.

    Floppy Disk: Floppy Disk was invented by  David Noble with IBM - Nicknamed the "Floppy" for its flexibility.
  • First Video Game: Atari releases Pong, the first commercial video game

    First Video Game: Atari releases Pong, the first commercial video game
  • The CD: The compact disc is invented in the United States

    The CD:  The compact disc is invented in the United States
  • Robert Metcalfe and David Boggs: Robert Metcalfe creates the Ethernet, a local-area network (LAN) protocol

    Robert Metcalfe and David Boggs: Robert Metcalfe creates the Ethernet, a local-area network (LAN) protocol
  • Personal computer: The minicomputer Xerox Alto (1973) was a landmark step in the development of personal computers

    Personal computer: The minicomputer Xerox Alto (1973) was a landmark step in the development of personal computers
  • Gateways: Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn develop gateway routing computers to negotiate between the various national networks

    Gateways: Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn develop gateway routing computers to negotiate between the various national networks
  • SQL: IBM develops SEQUEL (Structured English Query Language ) now known as SQL

    SQL: IBM develops SEQUEL (Structured English Query Language ) now known as SQL
  • WYSIWYG: Charles Simonyi coins the term WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) to describe the ability of being able to display a file or document exactly how it is going to be printed or viewed

    WYSIWYG:  Charles Simonyi coins the term WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) to describe the ability of being able to display a file or document exactly how it is going to be printed or viewed
  • Portable computers: Altair produces the first portable computer

    Portable computers: Altair produces the first portable computer
  • Microsoft Corporation: The Microsoft Corporation was founded April 4, 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800

    Microsoft Corporation: The Microsoft Corporation was founded April 4, 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800
  • Apple: Apple Computers was founded Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs

    Apple: Apple Computers was founded Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs
  • Apple Computer’s Apple II, the first personal computer with color graphics, is demonstrated

    Apple Computer’s Apple II, the first personal computer with color graphics, is demonstrated
  • MODEM: Ward Christensen writes the programme "MODEM" allowing two microcomputers to exchange files with each other over a phone line

    MODEM: Ward Christensen writes the programme "MODEM" allowing two microcomputers to exchange files with each other over a phone line
  • Magnetic tape: The first magnetic tape is developed in the US

    Magnetic tape: The first magnetic tape is developed in the US
  • Over half a million computers are in use in the United States.

    Over half a million computers are in use in the United States.
  • Paul Allen and Bill Gates: IBM hires Paul Allen and Bill Gates to create an operating system for a new PC. They buy the rights to a simple operating system manufactured by Seattle Computer Products and use it as a template to develop DOS.

    Paul Allen and Bill Gates: IBM hires Paul Allen and Bill Gates to create an operating system for a new PC. They buy the rights to a simple operating system manufactured by Seattle Computer Products and use it as a template to develop DOS.
  • Microsoft: MS-DOS Computer Operating System increases its success

    Microsoft: MS-DOS Computer Operating System increases its success
  • WordPerfect: WordPerfect Corporation introduces WordPerfect 1.0 a word processing program

    WordPerfect: WordPerfect Corporation introduces WordPerfect 1.0 a word processing program
  • Commodore 64: The Commodore 64 becomes the best-selling computer of all time.

    Commodore 64:  The Commodore 64 becomes the best-selling computer of all time.
  • SMTP: SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is introduced

    SMTP: SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is introduced
  • More than 10 million computers are in use in the United States

    More than 10 million computers are in use in the United States
  • Domain Name System (DNS): Domain Name System (DNS) pioneered by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris and Craig Partridge. Seven 'top-level' domain names are initially introduced: edu, com, gov, mil, net, org and int.

    Domain Name System (DNS): Domain Name System (DNS) pioneered by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris and Craig Partridge. Seven 'top-level' domain names are initially introduced: edu, com, gov, mil, net, org and int.
  • Windows: Microsoft Windows introduced eliminating the need for a user to have to type each command, like MS-DOS, by using a mouse to navigate through drop-down menus, tabs and icons

    Windows: Microsoft Windows introduced eliminating the need for a user to have to type each command, like MS-DOS, by using a mouse to navigate through drop-down menus, tabs and icons
  • Apple Macintosh: Apple introduces the Macintosh with mouse and window interface

    Apple Macintosh: Apple introduces the Macintosh with mouse and window interface
  • Cyberspace: William Gibson coins the word cyberspace when he publishes Neuromancer

    Cyberspace: William Gibson coins the word cyberspace when he publishes Neuromancer