Colonial Times

  • Jan 1, 1497

    John Cabot

    John Cabot
    John Cabot decided that a more northern route to Asia would be shorter and easier. In 1497 England financed a voyage where he explored the area around Newfoundland.
  • Jan 1, 1519

    Ferdinand Magellan

    Ferdinand Magellan
    In 1519 Ferdinand Magellan set out to find an Atlantic Pacific passage. He found a strait in South America near present day Argentina and his crew bacame the first people to circumnavigate the Earth.
  • Jan 1, 1520

    Cortes destroys Tenochtitlan

    Cortes destroys Tenochtitlan
    Cortes destroys Aztec capital city Tenochtitlan, and built Mexico City in its place.
  • Jan 1, 1533

    Church of England

    Church of England
    In 1533 King Henry split from the Roman Catholic Church and set up a protestant church which he called The Church of England.
  • Roanoke Island

    Roanoke Island
    The first English colony was established on Roanoke Island. However, this colony did not last long and was abandoned a year later.
  • Samuel De Champlain

    Samuel De Champlain
    Champlain made 11 voyages to explore and map the lands along the St. Lawrence River. He established a settlement along the banks of the river which he called Quebec.
  • John Smith

    John Smith
    In 1608 John Smith was sent from London to lead the colony of Jamestown who's conditions were extremely bad. His most important rule was "He who works not, eats not."
  • Henry Hudson

    Henry Hudson was in search of a northwest passage. He made four different voyages. In his final voyage in 1611 his crew mutinied and he was never heard of again.
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    In 1620, 100 Pilgrims sailed fgor Virginia aboard a ship called the Mayflower. There ship was blown off course and they landed in what is now Massachusetts. Since they landed outside of Virginia, they believed they weren't under the English law so they developed the Mayflower Compact. This document called for self government and "just and equal laws."
  • John Winthrop

    In 1630 900 hundred Puritans, led by John Winthrop, formed the Massachusetts Bay Company which received a charter to establish settlements in what are now Massachusetts and New Hampshire.
  • Roger Williams

    After being forced to leave Massachusetts Roger Williams moved south to Rhode Island and founded the town of Providence.
  • Thomas Hooker

    Thomas Hooker disagreed with the Puritan leaders so he and about 100 fallowers and established the town of Hartford.
  • Anne Hutchinson

    In 1638 Anne Hutchinson questioned some of the Puritan teachings. She was put on trial and was expelled from Massachusetts. She then established a settlement on an island that is now part of Rhode Island.
  • John Wheelright

    John Wheelright got into trouble for agreeing with some of Anne Hutchinson's views so he and some fallowers moved to New Hampshire where they founded the town of Exeter.
  • Jacques Marquette

    Jacques Marquette
    In 1673 Marquette and Louis Joliet paddled their canoes along the shore of Lake Michigan until they reached the Mississippi River. They sailed this river for a month looking for a northwest passage.